jpUg;gyp (Mass) vd;gjd; nghUs; vd;d?

mg;gk; gpLjy; (Breaking the Bread) vd;gJ jpUg;gypapd; gioa ngah;. ‘Eucharist’(A+fhp];l;) vd;w fpNuf;f thh;j;ijf;F ‘ed;wp etpo;jy;’> ‘ed;wp’ nrYj;Jjy; vd;W nkhopngah;f;fglNtz;Lk;. Mdhy; nkhopngah;g;gpd; Muk;gf; fhy fl;lq;fspy; Eucharistia vd;w xNu thh;j;ijia ,uz;L thh;j;ijahf nghUs; nfhz;L EU= ‘ey;y’ charis= vd;why; ‘fUiz’> ‘,uf;fk;’ vd;gJ nghUs;;. ey;y + fUiz = ew;fUiz vd;W nkhop ngah;j;jdh;. ,ay;ghd nkhopngah;ghf mikaNtz;Lnkdpy; ‘A+fwp];jpah’ vd;gij ed;wp gyp vd;W nkhopngah;g;gNj rhyr;rpwe;jjhFk;. mg;gk; gpLjy; gfph;jiy Fwpj;jJ (Y}f; 24:35@ jpg 2:42@ 20:7) G+ir vd;gJ kprpNah (Missio) vd;w ,yj;jpd; thh;j;ijapy; ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. ,jd; nghUs; mDg;gg;gLjy; vd;gjhFk;.

rPh;j;jpUj;jf; fhyj;jpy; ,q;fpyhe;J Nghd;w ehLfspy; ,Ue;j rPh;j;jpUj;j thjpfs; jpUg;gypia kWj;j Ntisapy; jphpnje;J rq;fk; (council of Trent) jpUg;gyp Fwpj;Jj; je;j rpy fUj;Jf;fs; jpUg;gypapd; tpsf;fj;ij ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ.

  • fj;Njhypf;f jpUr;rigapy; cz;ikahd jpUg;gypahdJ> ,NaR jd; cliyAk; ,uj;jj;ijAk; gypahf;fp mg;g ,ur tbtpy; Vw;gLj;jp mtuJ epidthf nra;ar; nrhd;d Gjpa gh];fh gypahFk;.
  • ,e;j fy;thhp gypapd; epidthfpa jpUg;gypapYk; ,NaR fpwp];JNt FUthfTk;> gypg; nghUshfTk; ,Uf;fpwhh;. NtWghL vd;dntd;why; rpYitapy; ,uj;jk; rpe;jpAk;> gPlj;jpy; ,uj;jk; rpe;jhj KiwapYk; gypahfpwhh;.
  • ,g;gypahdJ tho;fpwth; kw;Wk; khpj;jth;fs; xt;nthUthpd; ghtq;fSf;fhf ghpfhukhf nrYj;jg;gLk; gypahFk;.
  • jpUg;gyp ekf;F ,NaR nfhz;L te;j kPl;ig epidT+l;LfpwJ. ,NaRtpd; fy;thhp gypia kPz;Lk; epfo;j;Jk; nray; my;y jpUg;gyp. ,NaRtpd; gypia kPz;Lk; epfo;j;j KbahJ. Mdhy; mjd; epidthf> mth; epidthf nra;Ak; nrayhFk;. NkYk; jpUg;gyp ekf;fha; gypahfp caph; je;j ,NaRTf;F ehk; nfhLf;Fk; thf;FWjpahFk; (Oath of allegiance) jpUg;gypia n[gkhf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W 12k; gj;jpehjh; Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;.
  • jpUg;gypapd; tpsf;fj;ij jpUr;rig tj;jpfhd; rq;fk; ,t;thW tpsf;FfpwJ. ek; kPl;gh; jhk; fhl;bf; nfhLf;fg;gl;l ,utpNy jkJ ,Wjp ,uhTzTg; ge;jpapy; jk; cly;> ,uj;jk; Mfpatw;wpdhyhd ew;fUizg; gypia Vw;gLj;jpdhh;. jhk; kPz;Lk; tUk; msTk; vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; jkJ rpYitg; gypia epd;W epytr; nra;jhh;. ,J ,uf;fj;jpd; mUsilahsk;. xw;Wikapd; milahsk;> md;gpd; gpizg;G.

    jpUg;gyp vd;gJ ,NaRtpd; fy;thhp gypia mth; nra;jJg; Nghyr; nra;tJ (Repetition) my;y> khwhf me;jg; gypiag; gpujpgypg;gJ my;yJ gpujpepjg;glj;JtJ (Representation) vd;W jphpnje;jpd; rq;fk; tiuaWj;jJ.

    FUf;fs; ,iwKfk; fhl;Lk; ,iw kdpj gzpahsh;fs;

    jpUg;gypiaf; nfhz;lhl> FUf;fis ,iwtd; Vw;gLj;jpAs;shh;. ,Wjp ,uhTztpd; NghJ fpwp];J gh];fhg; gypiaAk; jpUtpUe;ijAk; Vw;gLj;jpdhh;. ,jdhy;> FU Mz;ltuhfpa fpwp];Jtpd; gjpyhspahapUe;J> Mz;ltNu epiwNtw;wpj; jk; epidthfr; nra;Ak;gb rPlhplk; ifaspj;jijNa epiwNtw;Wtjhy; jpUr;rigapy; rpYitg;gyp njhlh;e;J gpurd;dkhfpwJ. ,e;j FUf;fs; Kjd; Kjyhf jpUtopghl;bd; cs;Szh;tpYk; mjd; Mw;wypYk; ed;whf Cwpath;fshfTk;> Gyikg; ngw;wth;fshfTk; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk; vd;W tj;jpf;fhd; jpUr;rq;fs; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ. Xt;nthU FUTk; flTs; rhayhf (Image of God) ,Uf;f flTshy; miof;fg;gl;L> mtuhy; njhpT nra;ag;gl;L mtuhy; topelj;jg;gl;L> ,iwtid gpujpgypf;fpd;wdh;. vdNt mth;fs; cz;ikapy; flTspd; rhay;fs;. flTs; rhay; vd;W nrhy;Yk; NghJ mth;fs; flTisj; jhq;fpr; nry;gth;fshfr; nray;gl (God bearers) miof;fg; ngWfpwhh;fs;. FUf;fs; ,iwtidAk; kdpjh;fisAk; ,izf;Fk; ghyq;fs; (bridge). ,iwj;jpUTsj;ij kf;fSf;Fk;> kf;fspd; NjitfisAk; czh;TfisAk; flTSf;Fk; ntspg;gLj;Jk; ,iw-kdpj gzpahsh;fs;.

    njhlf;f topghL

    FU: je;ij> kfd;> J}a Mtpapd; ngauhNy.
      vy;: Mnkd;.
    - kj; 28:19

    rpYitailahsk;> thh;j;ijfisAk;> nray;fisAk; cs;slf;fpa Mokhd tpRthr milahskha; cs;sJ. ,e;jr; nray; ehk; jkj;jpUJtk; vd;w FLk;gj;Js; ek;ikNa ,izj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwhk; vd;gjid czu itf;Fk; nrayhFk;. NkYk; ehk; vijr; nra;jhYk;> mijf; flTs; ngauhy; njhlq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gijAk; czh;j;JfpwJ. ,e;j rpYitailahsk; ,NaR fpwp];J ekf;F toq;fpAs;s kPl;gpd; milahskhf cs;sJ. ehd; rpYitapdhyd;wp Ntnwhd;wpYk; ngUikg; ghuhl;l khl;Nld; (fyh 6:14) vd;W gTybahh; Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;. ,e;j rpYit ntWk; rpYitay;y. ,NaR ,y;yh kur;rpYitay;y> khwhf ,NaR njhq;fpa me;jr; rpYitapd; epidNthL jhd; ,e;j milahsj;ij gad;gLj;JfpNwhk;. ,NaR ,y;yhj rpYit mh;j;jkw;wJ.

    vy;yh fhyq;fspYk; ,e;jr; rpYitailahsk; ehk; fpwp];JTf;F nrhe;jkhdth;fs; vd;gijAk;> ,iwtdhy; Mrph;tjpf;fg;gl tpUk;GfpNwhk; vd;gjd; tpUg;gj;ijAk; ntspf;fhl;LfpwJ. rpYitapy; khpj;J> ek;ik kPl;ljhy; vy;yh Mrph;thjKk; rpYitNahL njhlh;G nfhz;Ls;sJ. NkYk; rpYitailahsk; vgpNuah;fSf;F toq;fg;gl;l MrPhpd; njhlh;r;rpahfTk;> ,iwtNdhL nfhz;l neUf;fkhd cwtpd; ntspailahskhfTk; mike;J cs;sJ.

    tptpypag; ghuk;ghpaj;jpy; Mrp toq;fpa me;j mbg;gilapy; nghUe;jp tUfpwJ. (njhE} 12:2-3> 27:4@ 28:6@ ,r 27:12@ 33:1-29). tptpypa ghuk;ghpaj;jpy; A+j FUf;fspd; Kf;fpa gzpfSs; xd;W mth;fs; kf;fs; Nky; ,iw Mrpia toq;f Ntz;Lk; (vz;> 6:22-27@ ,r 10:8@ 21:5). Fwpg;ghf fuq;fis cah;j;jpAk;> jiy kPJ ifitj;Jk; Mrp je;jdh; (njhE} 48:12-20 khw; 10:16@ Y}f; 24:50) mjd; mbg;gilapy; kPl;gpd; rpd;dkhd rpYitailahsj;ij nfhz;L ehk; ek;ikAk;> FUthdth; kf;fisAk;> nghUl;fisAk; mh;r;rpf;fpwhh;.

    FU: ek; Mz;ltuhfpa ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; mUSk;> flTspd; md;Gk; ghpRj;j Mtpapd; el;GwTk; cq;fs; midtNuhLk; ,Ug;gjhf.
      vy;: ck;NkhLk; ,Ug;gjhf.
    - 2 nfhhp 13:13

    Mz;lth; cq;fNshL ,Ug;ghuhf

    jpUg;gypapy; FUthdth; ,iwkf;fisg; ghh;j;J “Mz;lth; cq;fNshL ,Ug;ghuhf” vd;W tpspf;fpd;whh;. ,e;j thh;j;ijfs; thdJ}jhpd; tha;nkhopfs;. fgphpNay; J}jh; md;id khpahSf;F nrhd;d thh;j;ijfs; “Mz;lth; ck;NkhL ,Uf;fpwhh;” (Y}f; 1:28) fpjpNahdplk; flTspd; J}jh; te;J nrhy;Yk; thh;j;ij “typik kpf;f tPuNd Mz;lth; cd;NdhL ,Uf;fpwhh;” (ePj 6:12) Mz;lth; cld; thOk; kdpjh;fNshL ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mth;fs; midtiuAk; Mrph;tjpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;gp kpfg; nghpa nfhilahd flTNs ,iwkf;fNshL ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd FUthdth; tho;j;Jfpwhh;. thdJ}jh;fs; Nkw;Fwpg;gpl;l tptpypa gFjpfspy; ,iwkdpjh;fis tho;j;Jk; NghJ re;jpf;Fk; NghJ flTs; mth;fNshL ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd tho;j;Jfpwhh;. flTs; jhd; ,Ug;gjpNyNa kpfg; nghpa Mrph;thjk;. FUthdth; jk; kf;fSld; flTs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;gp tho;j;Jfpwhh;.

    ,e;j flTs; vq;fNshL kl;Lk; my;y. ck;NkhLk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W ,iw kf;fs; jq;fs; FUthdtUld flTs; ,Uf;f tho;j;Jfpwhh;fs;. vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl flTs; NghJkhdth; vd;gij ,t;tho;j;J czh;j;JfpwJ. gy Ntisfspy; ,ij rhjhuzkhfNt vLj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwhk;. gjpYf;F tho;j;jhky; $l mikjp fhf;fpNwhk;. FUthdtUk;> ,iwkf;fSk; ,e;j tho;j;ij ghpkhwpf; nfhs;Sk; NghJ vd;d kdepiy ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,UtUf;Fk; mr;rk;> gak;> fyf;fk; tu Ntz;Lk;. khpahs; ,t;thh;j;ijiaf; Nfl;L fyq;fpdhs; (Y}f; 1:29). ,iwtd; $l te;jhy; mjd; nghWg;G> ftdk; vy;yhk; khw Ntz;Lk;. khpahSf;F ,iwar;rk; te;jJ. ,iwar;rk; Qhdj;jpd; njhlf;fk; (ePnkh 1:7> 9:10).

    kd;dpg;G topghL

    FU: rNfhjuNu jpUg;gyp xg;Gf;nfhLf;f ehk; jFjp ngWk; nghUl;L ek; ghtq;fis Vw;W kdk; tUe;JNthk;. (rw;W Neuk; nksdk;).
     
    - Y}f; 24:47
    vy;: vy;yhk; ty;y ,iwtdplKk;> rNfhjuNu> rNfhjhpfNs cq;fsplKk; ehd; ghtpnad;W Vw;Wf;nfhs;fpNwd;. Vnddpy;> vd; rpe;jidahYk;> nrhy;yhYk;> nrayhYk;> flikapy; jtwpajhYk; ghtq;fs; gy nra;Njd;. vd; ghtNk> vd; ghtNk> vd; ngUk;ghtNk> Mifahy; vg;NghJk; fd;dpahd ghpRj;j khpahisAk; thdJ}jh; Gdpjh; midtiuAk; rNfhjuNu> rNfhjhpfNs cq;fisAk; ek; ,iwtdhfpa Mz;lthplk; vdf;fhf Ntz;bf; nfhs;s kd;whLfpNwd;.
    FU: vy;yhk; ty;y ,iwtd; ek;kPJ ,uf;fk; itj;J ek; ghtq;fis kd;dpj;J ek;ik epiw tho;Tf;F mioj;Jr; nry;thuhf.
    vy;: Mnkd;

    ght kd;dpg;Gk; xg;GuTk;

    “Neh;ikahsiu my;y> ghtpfisNa miof;f te;Njd;” (kj; 9:13) vd;W nkhope;j ek; Mz;ltiu ek;gp> ehk; ,t;thW kd;whLfpNwhk;. kdk; khWq;fs;> Vnddpy; tpz;zuR neUq;fp te;Jtpl;lJ (kj; 4:17). kdk; khwj; Njitapy;yhj; njhz;Z}w;nwhd;gJ Neh;ikahsiuf; Fwpj;J cz;lhFk; kfpo;r;rpiatpl> kdk; khwpa xU ghtpiaf; Fwpj;J tpz;Zyfpy; kpFjpahd kfpo;r;rp cz;lhFk; (Y}f; 15:7) vd;fpwhh;.

    ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; rNfhju rNfhjhpfslq;fpa r%fkhfpa jpUr;rigNa> jtwhd topapy; ele;J gpd; kde;jpUe;jp tUk; kfNdh> kfNsh je;ijapd; kd;dpg;igAk; tphpj;j fuq;fshy; mth; tuNtw;igAk; ngWkplkhFk;. ,iwtd; Kd;dhy; epiwe;j jho;r;rpAk;> nrgpf;fr; nrd;w thp t#ypg;gtdpd; kdepiyAk;> ghtp vd;W Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; kdKk; ek;kplk; te;Jtpl;lhy; ehk; flTSf;F Vw;Gilatuhfp tPL jpUk;GNthk; (Y}f; 18:13-14)

    flTis mZfpr; nry;Yk; NghJ ekJ ,jaj;ij ghpRj;jkhf;fp nfhs;s miof;fg; ngWfpNwhk;. “,q;Nf mZfp tuhNj> eP epd;W nfhz;bUf;fpw ,e;j ,lk; Gdpjkhd epyk;” (tpg 3:5) vd;W NkhaPrDf;F ntspg;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ.

    kdk; khWq;fs;. kd;dpg;Gg; ngWtjw;fhf jpUKOf;F ngWq;fs; (jpg 2:38) thh;j;ijfis Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs; (jpg 2:41) vd;gJ ,iwtdpd; njhlh; miog;G. epiytho;T ,jaj;jpy; cUthf Ntz;Lk;. epiwtho;T kd khw;wj;jpy;> tho;f;if khw;wj;jpy;> fpilf;fpd;w mKjk;. ,of;f Jzpe;j NghJ rf;NfA tho;itg; ngw;whd;. kdk; khwpa NghJ rkhhpag; ngz; tho;itg; ngw;whs;. ek; ghtq;fSf;fhf md;W khwhf ePjpf;fhf tho;tjw;F (1 NgJ 2:24) kd khw;wk; mtrpak;. kd khw;wk; vz;z khw;wkhf> tho;f;if khw;wkhf ghpzkpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

    Mz;ltNu ,uf;fkhapUk;

    rpYitapy; miwAz;l ,e;j ,NaRitf; flTs; Mz;ltUk; nkrpahTkhf;fpdhh; (jpg 2:36) vd;w mbg;gilapy; nrgpf;fpNwhk;.

    Gdpj ePh; njspg;G

    Gdpj ePh; jPa rf;jpfis tpul;babf;fg; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. NkYk; Gdpjg;gLj;jg;gl;l ,jaj;NjhL jpUg;gPlk; tu Ntz;Lk; vd;gij typAWj;JfpwJ. jz;zPUld; cg;igAk; ,izf;fpNwhk;. ,J mopahikiaAk;> rhfhikiaAk; (Incorruption) milahsg;gLj;JfpwJ. jz;zPh; jd;dpiyapy; rhjhuzkhd xd;Wjhd;. Mdhy; flTs; gilj;j midj;Jk; ey;yNj flTspd; thh;j;ijAk; ekJ kd;whl;Lk; mij J}ajhf;Fk; (1 jpnkh 4:4-5).

    jz;zPh; nghJthf J}a;ikgLj;j cjTk; xd;W. mfj; J}a;ikapd; Gw milahsk;. cNuhikah;fs; jq;fspd; topghl;L epfo;Tfspy; mbf;fb jz;zPiug; gad;gLj;jpdh;. jq;fs; ,uhZtj;ij> efuj;ij> tay;fis jz;zPh; nfhz;L ke;jphpj;jdh;. A+jh;fSk; jz;zPiu topghLfspy; ntFthfg; gad;gLj;jpdh;. FUf;fisAk; NytpaiuAk; mgpN\fk; nra;Ak; NghJ (Nytp 8:6> vz; 8:7)> gyp nrYj;Jk;Kd; (tpg 30:18)> tpgr;rhuf;Fw;wj;ij Rkj;Jk; NghJk; (vz; 5:17)> czT cz;Zk; NghJk;> nrgpf;Fk; NghJk; (khw; 7:3) jz;zPh; A+j> cNuhik topghl;Lld; gpd;dpg; gpize;Js;sJ. tptpypj;jpy; 500f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l ,lq;fspy; jz;zPh; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. Mdhy; xNu xU ,lj;jpy; (vz; 5:17) jhd; Gdpj ePh; vd;w Fwpg;G tUtjhf jpnkhj;jp nyd;rhf; (Timothy len chak SVD) Fwpg;gpLfpwhh; jz;zPh; tho;tpd; milahsk; (njhE} 1:1-10> 2:10-14> ,r 11:14-17> vNr 47:9-12> jpnt 22:1-2) kw;Wk; J}a;ikgLj;Jk; milahsk; (tpg 30:17-21> vz; 19:11-22> jpgh 51:7> vNr 36:25> nrf; 13:1) gypapLk;Kd; FUf;fSk; NytpaUk; iffisf; fOt Ntz;Lk;. (jpgh 5:4-7@ 26:6) vd;W ght kd;dpg;Gf;fhfTk; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ.

    jpUKOf;F jz;zPh; topahf kd;dpg;G

    jpUKOf;F jz;zPh; topahf ghtk;> myif Nghd;w vy;yh tifahd mbik epiyapy; ,Ue;J ,iwtdpd; gps;isfs; vd;w GJtho;Tf;Fk; mUs; tho;Tf;Fk;> chpik tho;Tf;Fk; fle;J nry;yy; vd;w flj;jy; eilngWfpwJ. NkYk; jpUKOf;F thf;FWjpfis GJg;gpf;Fk; epfo;thFk;. jPh;j;jk; gioa Vw;ghl;by; ,];uhNay; kf;fs; nrq;fliy fle;J te;j epfo;r;rpiaAk;> ,NaRtpd; jpUKOf;ifAk; ek; xt;nthUtUila jpUKOf;ifAk; epidT $Wk; rlq;fhFk;. MfNt ,J ghtk; Nghf;Fk; jz;zPuhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ. MfNt ,ijj; jpUg;gyp Kbtpy; njspg;gij epWj;JtJ ey;yJ.

    thdth; fPjk;

    ,J xU Gfo;r;rpg; ghly;> goikahdJ> tzf;fj;jpw;FhpaJ. J}a Mtpahy; xd;W$l;lg;gl;l jpUr;rig ,g;ghlypy; je;ij ,iwtidAk; nrk;kwpiaAk; kfpikg;gLj;jp ,ue;J kd;whLfpwJ. ,e;j Gfo;r;rpg;ghly; Y}f; 2:14y; tpz;zfj;J}jh; Nguzp ghba “cd;djq;fspNy flTSf;F khl;rp chpj;jhFf! cyfpy; mtUf;F cfe;NjhUf;F mikjp cz;lhFf” vd;w Gfo; ghliy mbnahw;wp ey;kdk; nfhz;l tpRthrpfsha; ,iwtid Gfo;e;J ghLfpd;Nwhk;. flTSf;F gy;NtW gl;lq;fis nfhLj;J (Titles) Gfo;fpw xU Kaw;rpapJ. 6k; E}w;whz;L tiu ,e;j Gfo;ghly; topghl;bd; njhlf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;jpUf;ftpy;iy. khwhf 6k; E}w;whz;by;jhd; jpUg;gypapd; njhlf;fj;jpy; ,izf;fg;gl;lJ. nghpa fpNuNfhhpahh; 17k; E}w;whz;by; ,e;jg; ghliy jpUg;gypapy; Nrh;j;jhh;.

    rig kd;whl;L

      FU: nrgpg;Nghkhf…...
      vy;: Mnkd;.

    ,J jpUtopghl;bd; xU Kf;fpa mq;fkhFk;. ,r; nrgj;jpy; ,iw kf;fspd; nrgq;fs; midj;ijAk; xd;wpizj;J flTSf;F mh;g;gzpf;fpwhh;. nghJthf ,r;nrgk; je;ijahfpa ,iwtDf;F nrgpf;fg;gLfpwJ. jkjpUj;Jtg; Gfo;r;rpNahL ,r;nrgk; Kbf;fg;gLfpwJ. “,NaR fpwp];J topahf ck;ik kd;whLfpNwhk;” vd;gJ ekf;fhf ghpe;J Ngr fpwp];J ,Uf;fpwhh; vd;gij ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. FUthdth; ,iw kf;fspd; nrgq;fisnay;yhk; xd;W Nrh;j;J flTSf;F xg;G nfhLf;fpwhh;. FUthdth; rigapdhpd; Ntz;Ljy;fis ,izj;J nrgpf;Fk; NghJ ek;ikAk; ehk; KOikaha; ,r;nrgj;jpy; ,izg;gJ mtrpakhFk;.

    Mnkd;

    “Mnkd;” ekJ ,iwr;rigapd; topghl;L thHj;ijfspy; mbf;fb gad;gLj;jg;gLk; thh;j;ij. “Mnkd;” vd;gJ “,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; thHj;ijf;Fk; mtuJ nraYf;Fk; ,iwr;r%fk; jUk; xg;Gjy; MFk;”. “mg;gbNa Mfl;Lk;” vd;W cld; gLtJ. Mnkd; (Amen) vd;w vgpNua thh;j;ij vLf;fg;gl;l KbT> my;yJ nray;gl;l epfo;Tf;F> my;yJ nrhy;yg;gl;l nra;jpf;F xg;Gjy; mspg;gJ. cz;ikahdJ> rhpahdJ> cld;gLfpNwd; vd;W Vw;Wf; nfhz;l kdepiyapd; milahskhFk;. ‘Mnkd;’ vd;W nrhy;Yk; NghJ Ngrpath; my;yJ nraiyr; nra;jtUld; xU cwit ek;gfj;jd;ikia Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpNwhk;. “ehk; nrgpf;Fk; xt;nthU nghJ nrgj;jpw;Fk;> ehk; NghLk; ifnaOj;Jjhd; ,e;j Mnkd;” vd;fpwhh; Gdpj mF];jpdhh;. mjhtJ ,Jjhd; ehd; filgpbg;gJ> ,jw;fhfNt ehd; tho;fpNwd;. ,JNt cz;ikahd ew;nra;jp vd Vw;fpNwd;. mjw;fhf flTSf;F ed;wp $WfpNwd; vd;W mjw;F mh;j;jk;.

    gioa Vw;ghl;L E}ypy; gytifahd xg;ge;jq;fis> cld; gbf;iffis Vw;Wf; nfhz;ljd; milahskhf Mnkd; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. 1 mu 1:33-37,y; jhtPJ murh; jd; kfd; rhyNkhid mhpaizapy; mku Vw;ghL nra;a nrhd;d NghJ mth;fs; ‘mg;gbNa Mfl;Lk;’(‘Mnkd;’) vd;wdh;. nghJthd rl;lj;jpw;Fk;> r%f xUq;fpw;Fk;> nghJ newpfSf;Fk; cld;gLfpNwd; vd;gij ntspg;gLj;jTk; ‘Mnkd;’ vd;w thh;j;ijia ,];uhNay; kf;fs; gad;gLj;jpdh; (vz; 5:19-23@ ,r 27:15-26@ 1 Fwp 16:36@ nef 5:13@ jpgh 41:13@ 1 nfhhp 14:16@ jpnt 19:4@ 3:14@ 2 nfhhp 1:19-22)

    ,uz;lhk; gFjp

    ,iwthh;j;ij topghL

    jpUg;gypapd; ,d;wpaikahj gFjpahf ,iwthh;j;ij topghL mike;jpUf;fpwJ. jpUg;gypapy; ,uz;L gypNkilfs; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd xd;W ,iwthh;j;ij gfph;Tf;fhdJ kw;nwhd;W mg;gurg; gfph;Tf;fhdJ. ,e;j ,uz;LNkilfspy; KjyhtJ thh;j;ijahd ,NaRfpwp];J gfpug;gLfpwhh;. ,uz;lhtJ kDTUthd ,NaRtpd; jpUTly; jpU,uj;jk; gfpug; gLfpwJ.

    tpoh jpUg;gypapYk; QhapW jpUg;gypapYk; %d;W thrfq;fs; thrpf;fg;gLfpwJ. gioa Vw;ghl;bypUe;J Kjy;thrfKk; Gjpa Vw;ghl;bypUe;J ew;nra;jp my;yhj gFjpapypUe;J ,uz;lhk; thrfk; thrpf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,t;tpuz;Lf;FkpilNa ,iwthh;j;ij topghl;bd; ikaf; fUj;ij ntspg;gLj;Jk; jpUghly; my;yJ jpUtptpypaj;jpd; Vida ghly;fspypUe;J gjpYiughly; mikfpwJ. ,j;jifa thrfq;fspd; cr;rf;fl;lkhf ew;nra;jp thrfk; mike;jpUf;fpwJ. gioa Vw;ghl;by; neNfkpah 8:1-12y; kf;fs; $Lk; jpUtopghl;L rigapy;> midtUk; fhZk; caukhd NkilapypUe;J ,iwthh;j;ij Kof;fKk; mjw;F ,iwkf;fspd; gjpYk; njspthf $wg;gLfpd;wJ.

    ‘my;NyY}ah’

    ekJ jpUtopghl;by;; ‘my;NyY}ah’ kpfTk; nghUSs;s nrhy;yhFk;. ,J vgpNuar; nrhw;nwhluhd ‘halleluyah’ vd;gjpypUe;J fpNuf;fk; kw;Wk; ,yj;jPd; topahf Mq;fpy nkhopf;F te;jJ. Hallelu=ehk; Nghw;WNthk;> yah’= ahNt(Mz;ltiu) vdNt ‘Halleluyah’ vd;gjw;F Mz;ltiug; Nghw;Wq;fs; vd;W nghUs;. ,J jd;dpiyg;gd;ikg; nghUspy; fl;lisr; nrhy;yhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,iwtidg; gilg;gtuhf> fhg;gtuhf> kPl;gtuhff; fz;l kf;fs; jq;fs; jpUg;ghly;fspy; ,ij mjpfkhf gad;gLj;jp cs;sdh;.

    “jpUtopghl;Lf; fhyj;jpw;F Vw;g ,uz;lhk; thrfj;Jf;Fg;gpd; my;NyY}ah my;yJ kw;nwhU ghly; ,lk; ngWk;” vd;W cNuhikj; jpUg;gypg; Gj;jfj;jpd; nghJg;Nghjid $WfpwJ. thu ehs;fspy; Kjy; thrfj;Jf;Fg; gpd; ,J ,lk;ngWk;. my;NyY}ah vd;gjw;F “Mz;ltUf;Fg; Gfo;” vd;WnghUs;. ,J xU Gfo;r;rpf;fPjk;. 146 Kjy; 150 tiu cs;s jpUg;ghly;fspd; njhlf;fj;jpYk; ,WjpapYk; ehk; ,r;nrhy;iyf; fhz;fpNwhk;. tpz;zfj; jpUtopghl;Lf; nfhz;lhl;lj;jpYk; thdJ}jh;fspd; ghlyhf ,J ,lk; ngWfpwJ (jpnt 19:1> 3> 4> 6).

    kiwAiu (ew;nra;jp mwptpg;G)

    jhk; ew;nra;jpg; gzpf;fhfNt te;Js;sij> “Mz;ltUila Mtp vd; Nky; csJ@ Vnddpy; mth; vdf;F mUs;nghopT nra;Js;shh;. ViofSf;F ew;nra;jpia mwptpf;fTk;...” (Y}f; 4:18) vd;gjd; %yk; fpwp];J kpfj; njspthf mWjpapl;Lf; $wpAs;shh;. Gdpj gTYk; $l> “jpUKOf;Ff; nfhLg;gjw;F my;y> ew;nra;jpia mwptpf;fNt fpwp];J vd;id mDg;gpdhh;” (1 nfhhp 1:17) vd;Wk;@ “ew;nra;jpia mwptpf;fhtpby; INah> vdf;Ff; NfL” (1 nfhhp 9:16) vd;Wk; $wpAs;shh;. kiwAiu jpUg;gypapd; ,d;wpaikahj gFjpahf mikfpwJ. vd;W md;ikapy; ntspte;j ‘VERBUM DOMINI’ (Mz;lthpd; mUs;thf;F: vz;. 59-60) vLj;Jiuf;fpwJ. jpUg;gypapd; %d;whk; gFjpahd ew;fUiz mg;gg; gfph;T miktJ Nghd;W thh;j;ijg; gfph;Tk; mtrpakhdJ vd;W jpUj;je;ijapd; Rw;Wkly; typAWj;JfpwJ. jpUJ}jh;gzpfs; 8k; mjpfhuj;jpy; vj;jpNahg;gpa epjpaikr;rUf;F jpUJ}jh; gpypg;G ,iwthh;j;ijia tpsf;fp$wp jpUtUl;rhjdj;ij epfo;j;jpaijg; Nghd;W xt;nthUj; jpUtUl;rhjd nfhz;lhl;lj;jpYk; ,iwthh;j;ijAk; mjd; tpsf;fKk; jpUtopghl;il KOikg;ngw nra;fpwJ.

    tpRthr gpukhzk;

    “ehd; Ghpe;J nfhs;tjw;fhf ek;GfpNwd; ek;Gtjw;fhf Ghpe;J nfhs;fpNwd;” vd;whH Gdpj mF];jPdhh;.

    fpwp];jth;fspd; ek;gpf;if mwpf;if jpUj;J}jh;fspd; ek;gpf;if mwpf;if. jpUj;J}jh;fs; ftdKld; ifaspj;j ek;gpf;ifr; nra;jpapd; RUf;fNk jpUr;rigf;F jpUj;J}jh; ek;gpf;ifapd; mwpf;ifahf fpilj;Js;sJ. %nthU ,iwtDf;F midj;J ,iwkf;fSk; nrhe;jkhapUg;gij ,e;j thh;j;ijfshy; mwpf;ifapl;L> mwpf;ifapl;l tpRthrj;ij tho;e;J fhl;Lk; xU nghpa nghWg;gpid Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;wdh;. mg;Ngh];jyh; fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;J top topahfTk;> ghuk;ghpakhfTk; ekf;Ff; ifaspf;fg;gl;l ekJ tpRthrj;jpd; njhFg;G ,J.

    ,J xU FOtpd; mwpf;ifay;y> khwhf ,iw kf;fs; rigapy; cs;s xt;nthUthpd; jdpg;gl;l (personal) mwpf;if. vdNt jhd; “tpRtrpf;fpNwd;” vd;W xUikapy; nrhy;fpNwhk;. Mdhy; epnrah (Nicene creed) tpRthr mwpf;if gd;ikapy;> FOtpd; mwpf;ifahf mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;j ek;gpf;if mwpf;if credo vd;w ,yj;jPd; thh;j;ijapy; ,Ue;J vLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjw;F “ehd; ek;GfpNwd;” vd;W nghUs;” ,e;j ek;gpf;ifAk; VNjh ekJ Kaw;rpahy; tUk; xd;wy;y. khwhf J}a Mtpapd; nfhil. J}a Mtpapd; Jizapd;wp ahUNk ,NaRNt Mz;lth; vd;W nrhy;y KbahJ (1 nfhhp 12:3). mNj rkak; ek;gpf;ifr; nrayhdJ flTspd; mUs; nfhilf;F jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; KO Rje;jpuj;Jld; jdp kdpjd; jUk; gjpyhFk;. RUf;fkhfr; nrhd;dhy; ,e;j tpRthr mwpf;if fj;Njhypf;f kiwapd; mbg;gil cz;ikahFk;. ,iwthrfq;fspYk;> kiwAiuapYk; Nfl;fg;gl;l ,iwthh;j;ijf;F ,iwkf;fs; jUk; Vw;GilikNa ,e;j tpRthr mwpf;ifahFk;.

    ,e;j tpRthrg; gpukhzk; kPl;gpd; tuyhw;wpy; ,iwtd; Mw;wpa ngUQ;nray;fis gilg;G> kPl;G> njhlHe;j guhkhpg;G Nghd;wtw;iw ehk; epidT $w itf;fpwJ. fp.gp.3k; E}w;whz;L thf;fpy; ,e;j mwpf;if gof;fj;jpw;F te;jhYk; ,jd; Muk;gk; tptpypaj;jpy; mike;Js;sJ. (,r 6:4). “,];uNaNy Nfs;” vd;w kpfg; goik tha;e;j mwpf;if ,];uNay; kf;fspd; tpRthr mwpf;ifahFk;. ,e;j mwpf;if tpRthrpfs; ,NaR fpwp];JTf;Fs; jq;fs; kfpo;r;rpia Njl KbntLj;Js;sij ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. fpwp];Jtpd; nra;jpfis> kjpg;gPLfis vdjhfNt Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpNwd; vd;gjd; ntspg;ghLjhd; ,e;j mwpf;if.

    ,iwkf;fs; kd;whl;Lfs;

    ,ij nghJ kd;whl;L vd;Wk; miof;fpd;wdh;. Vndd;why; ,g;gFjpapy; ,iwkf;fspd; Njitfs;> jpUr;rigapd; Njitfs;> jpUr;rigapy; gy;NtW epiyapy; cs;s gyUf;fhTk; ,iwr; r%fk; VnwLf;Fk; nrgkhFk;. ,NaR je;ijaplj;jpNyNa nrgpj;jpUf;fpwhh;. gioa Vw;ghl;by; NeUf;F Neh; epfOk; re;jpg;gpy;> ,iwthf;fpdh;fs;> jq;fs; gzpf;F Ntz;ba xspiaAk;> gyj;ijAk;> mile;J nfhs;fpwhh;fs;. mth;fspd; kd;whl;L ek;gpf;ifaw;W ,t;Tyfpdpd;W jg;gpj;J nfhs;tjw;fy;y> khwhf flTspd; thh;j;ijf;F nrtpkLg;gjhf cs;sJ.

    ,NaRTk; jd; je;ijaplj;jpNy kd;whl;Lf;fis vOg;gpAs;shh;. Nahthd; 17k; mjpfhuk; ,NaRtpd; nrgj;ij ekf;F ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. ckJ ngahpd; Mw;wyhy; mth;fis fhj;jUSk; (Nahth 17:11)> jPNahdplkpUe;J fhj;jUSk; (Nahth 17:15) vd;Nw Ntz;LfpNwd;. vy;yhUk; xd;wha; ,Ug;ghh;fshf (Nahth 17:21) vd;Wk;> rPNkhid> ckJ ek;gpf;if jsuhjpUf;f cdf;fhf ehd; kd;whbNdd; (Y}f; 22:32) vdTk; Ntz;Lfpwhh;. NkYk; me;j Ntz;LNfhspNyNa KO ek;gpf;if itj;jiyAk; fhl;LfpwJ. je;ijNa> ePh; vg;NghJk; vd; Ntz;LjYf;Fr; nrtprha;f;fpwPh; vd;gJ vdf;Fj; njhpAk; (Nahth 11:42).

    ghtk; rhT ,tw;wpd; tpisthf> vg;Nghijf;Fk; vy;yh Jd;gq;fSf;Fk; mbikg;gl;L fplf;Fk; kdpj Fyj;ij kPl;nlLf;f> kPl;G tuyhw;iw epfo;j;jp> ghpe;Jiu nra;j nray;fs;> kd;whl;Lf;fs; ahtw;wpd; Vf;fNk kdpj cU vLj;j thh;j;ijahdthpd; ,e;jf; fj;Jjy;. je;ij ,tw;iw Vw;Wf; nfhz;L> vy;yh vjph;g;ghh;g;Gf;Fk; Nkyhf mtiu rhtpdpd;W caph;njor; nra;J gjpyspf;fpwhh; (2606). ,NaRNt nrgpj;J> kd;whb> nrgpf;ff; fw;Wj;je;Js;shh;. 1 jpnkh 2:1-2 vd;w gTybahhpd; thh;j;ijfs; ekf;F cjt Ntz;Lk;. nrgj;jpy; Nfl;gnjy;yhk; fpilf;Fk; vd;w ek;gpf;ifAld; ,ize;J kd;whLNthk;. Iag;ghLld; Nfl;gjhy; jhd; ehk; Nfl;gJ fpilg;gjpy;iy. mth; Kfk; Nfhzhky; jhuhskha; vy;yhUf;Fk; nfhLg;ghth;. Mdhy; ek;gpf;ifNahL> Iag;ghbd;wpf; Nfl;f Ntz;Lk;. epiyaw;w Nghf;Filath;fs; Mz;lthplkpUe;J vijAk; ngw KbahJ vd ahf;NfhG Fwpg;gpLfpwhh; (ahf; 1:5-8).

    fhzpf;if

    jpUg;gyp Neuj;jpy; ,iwkf;fs; jUk; fhzpf;ifg; gzkhfNth> nghUl;fshfNth jug;gLfpwJ. nghJthf ,e;j fhzpf;if Vio vspa kf;fspd; ey;tho;Tf;F gad;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;. flTs; ,iwkf;fsplk; vjph;g;ghh;f;Fk; cs;shh;e;j nfhilapd; ntspahh;e;j milahskhf ,e;jf; fhzpf;if mikfpwJ. ,e;jf; fhzpf;ifj; jl;L gyp gPlj;jpw;F ntspNa itf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. 1 Fwp 29:3 Fwpg;gpLtJ Nghy vd; flTspd; Nfhapy; Nky; ehd; itj;Js;s gw;whh;tj;jhy; jpUj;jyj;jpw;nfd;W ehd; Nrh;j;J itj;Js;s ahtw;iwAk; vd; flTspd; NfhapYf;F nghd;idAk; nts;spiaAk; toq;FfpNwd; vd;w kdepiyAld; kdKte;J Nfhtpy; guhkhpg;gpw;Fk;> Viofspd; guhkhpg;gpw;Fk; flTs; nfhLj;Js;s tsq;fis gfph;e;J nfhs;s miof;Fk; Neuk;. Vndd;why; ,Ug;gjidj;Jk; flTSilaJ. flTspd; fuq;fspy; ,Ue;Nj te;Js;sJ vd;gij (1 Fwp 29:16) epidtpy; epWj;j Ntz;Lk;. KfkyHr;rpNahL nfhLg;gtNu flTspd; md;Gf;F chpatH (2 nfhhp 9:7) Kfkyh;r;rpNahL nfhLg;Nghiu flTs; MrPh;tjpf;fpwhH.

    ,urj;Jld; jz;zPh; fyj;jy;

    A+jh;fs; vg;NghJNk ,urj;NjhL rpwpjsT jz;zPh; fye;Nj mUe;jpdh;. jpUg;gypapy; ehKk; jpuhl;ir ,urj;Jld; xU Jsp jz;zPiu FUthdth; fyf;fpd;whH. Gdpj rpg;hpahd; ,J fpwp];JTld; ehk; xd;whff; fye;J tpLfpNwhk; vd;gij Fwpf;Fk; vd;fpwhh;. ,e;j jz;zPh;> ,urk; topahf ehKk; mtuJ ,iwapay;gpy; gq;F ngWNthkhf vd;W jz;zPiu fye;J FUthdth; nrgpf;fpwhh;. ,e;j jz;zPUk; ,urKk; xd;W fyg;gJ kj;jpa fpof;F fyhr;rhuj;jpd; xU $whf fUjg;gLfpwJ. NkYk; ,e;j fyg;G ,NaRtpd; tpyhtpy; ,Ue;J tope;Njhba ,uj;jj;ijAk;> ePiuAk; Fwpg;gjhfTk; cs;sJ. ,e;j tope;Njhba jz;zPh; jpuhl;ir ,urj;jpypUe;J jpUr;rigAk; mUl;rhjdq;fSk; ngwg;gl;ld vd;gJ ekJ ek;gpf;ifAk; gbg;gpidAk; MFk;. g;Nshud;]; nghJr; rq;fj;jpy; (Council of Florence) ,NaR A+j tof;fg;gb jz;zPiu jpuhl;ir ,urj;NjhL fye;jhh; vd;gjhy; kl;Lky;y ,NaRtpd; tpyhtpypUe;J tope;Njhba ,uj;jk; ePUld; fye;jJ. Nghh; tPud; (Nahth 19:34). NkYk; jpUntspg;ghl;L Gj;jfk; 17:1-15 ePh;j;jpuis kf;fspdq;fSf;F milahsg;gLj;JfpwJ. vdNt ,iwkf;fSk; fpwp];JTk; ,izAk; xd;wpg;gpd; milahskhfTk; nfhs;syhk;. kw;Wk; ,NaR ,iw> kdpj rhaiy Fwpg;gpLk; milahskhfTk; ghh;f;fyhk; vdTk; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwJ. mg;gKk; jpuhl;ir ,urKk; md;iwa kf;fspd; mDjpd czthFk;. (ePj 19:19@ Gy 2:12)

    J}g Muhjid

    jpUg;gyp nfhz;lhl;lj;jpy; FUthdth; gPlj;jpw;Fk;> ,iwthh;j;ijf;Fk; fhzpf;ifg; nghUl;fSf;Fk; rpYitf;Fk; J}gk; fhl;Lfpwhh;. NkYk; FUTf;Fk; kw;Wk; ,iw kf;fSf;Fk; J}gk; fhl;lg;gLfpwJ. mth;fs; vOe;J epd;W mij Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;wdh;. FUf;fs;> mth;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhz;l mh;g;gz tho;T> nra;Ak; Gdpj gzp fhuzkhf mth;fSf;F J}gk; fhl;lg;gLfpwJ. jpUKOf;F ngw;W ,iwtd; gps;isaha; khwpAs;s ghpRj;j jpUf;$l;lj;jpw;Fk; J}gk; fhl;lg;gLfpwJ. NkYk; kdpj cly;fs; flTs; jq;fp thOk; Myak; (1 nfhhp 3:16-17) kdpj cly; khz;Gf;FhpaJ vd;gij ntspf;fhl;Lk; tifapy; J}gk; fhl;lg;gLfpwJ.

    tptpypag; ghh;itapy; J}gj;jpd; gq;F

    eWkzj; ijyk; ,jaj;ij kfpo;tpf;fpwJ (ePnkh 27:9) ehd;F caph;fSk;> ,Ugj;jpehd;F %g;gh;fSk; ifapy; rhk;gpuhzp epiwe;j nghw;fpz;zq;fis itj;jpUe;jhh;fs;. ,iwkf;fspd; Ntz;Ljy;fNs mf;fpz;zq;fs; (jpnt 5:8). NkYk; ,e;j rhk;gpuhzpia topghl;L epfo;TfSf;F kl;Lk; jhd; gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; (tpg 30:34-38) vd;Wk; ,e;j eWkzg; Gifia mjw;Fhpa rpwg;G gPlj;jpy; jhd; vhpf;f Ntz;Lk; (tpg 30:1-10@ 37:25-28) vd;Wk; tptpypak; Fwpg;gpLfpwJ. ,e;j eWkzg; Gifia FUf;fs; kl;Lk; jhd; ,l Ntz;Lk;. (vz; 4:16@ 1 Fwp 6:34) ,e;j J}gk; fhl;Lk; nraypy; Fiwfs; Vw;gl;lhy; KiwNfLfs; ele;jhy; FUf;fs; fz;bf;fTk; jz;bf;fTk; gl;lhh;fs; (vz; 16:6-7@ 1 mu 22:43@ 2 mu 22:17) MNuhd; cld;gbf;if Ngio itf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; Myaj;jpw;Fk; EioAk;NghJ jhd; rhfhkypUf;f ,uf;fj;jpd; ,Uf;ifia kiwf;Fk; mstpw;F eWkzg; Gifia fhl;Lthd; (Nytp 16:12-13) vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf kPl;Gg; ngWNthhpilNaAk; mopTWNthhpilNaAk; ehq;fs; flTs; ghy; vOk; fpwp];Jtpd; eWkzkhapUf;fpNwhk; (2 nfhhp 2:15) vd;W gTybahh; Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;. vdNt J}gkpLjy; tptpypa ghuk;ghpaj;jpd;gb ek; vz;zq;fis> nrgq;fis ,iwtd; jpUKd; vOg;gTk; mtuJ ty;yikia> gpurd;dj;ij Mokha; czuTk; ,e;j epfo;T cjTfpwJ.

    iffis fOTjy;

    jz;zPh; ek;ik J}a;ikahf;Fk;. ve;j xU jpU epfo;Tf;Fk;> ey;y fhhpaq;fis nra;Ak; Kd;Dk; nfhz;lhl;lq;fis Muk;gpf;Fk; NghJk; Fspj;jy;> J}a;ikr; rlq;Ffisr; nra;jy; vd;gJ ,ay;ghd xd;W. vd; epidthf nra;Aq;fs; vd;w ,iwtdpd; mg;gk; gpLk; Gdpj epfo;Tf;Fs; EioAk; Kd; kPz;Lk; xU Kiw FUthdth; jd;id J}a;ikahf;f nrgpf;fpwhh;. “vd; Fw;wk; ePq;f vd;id fOtpaUSk;. vd; ghtq;fspy; ,Ue;J vd;id tpLtpj;jUSk;” vd;W ,iwtdplk; n[gpj;J ,iwaUs; jd;id J}a;ikgLj;Jtij> jd;id jFjpahf;Ftij milahs miwapy; ntspg;gLj;Jk; xU rlq;F jhd; ,e;j if fOTk; rlq;F. jpgh 24:3 Fwpg;gpLtJ Nghy fiwglhj iffSk;> khrw;w kdKk; cilath; kl;LNk flTspd; jpUkiyapy; Vwpr; nry;y KbAk; flTspd; ,y;yj;jpy; FbapUf;f KbAk; vd;gij czh;e;jth;fsha; flTs; ek;ik ghpRj;jkhf;f nrgpg;gJ mtrpak;. ,e;j rlq;F Kiwia xU NghJk; jtph;f;f $lhJ.

    J}ath; J}ath; J}atH

    jpUg;gypapy; ew;fUiz kd;whl;by; ,e;j tho;j;njhypia (acclamation) nrgpf;fpNwhk;. ,J thdJ}jh;fs; flTis ,iltplhky; J}ath;> J}ath;> J}ath; vd;W Nghw;wp Gfo;e;J nfhz;Nl ,Ug;gjhf tptpypak; ekf;F ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. ,J thdth;fspd; Muhjid %d;W Kiw J}ath;; vd;W nrhy;tJ flTspd; cah;e;j gz;Gfis> Fzq;fis KOikaha; Nghw;wp Jjpg;gij ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. tptpypa ghuk;ghpaj;jpy; %d;W KOikia Fwpg;gjha; mikfpwJ. Mz;lth; (Lord) vd;w thh;j;ij NkhNrf;F jd;id ntspg;gLj;jpa YHWH vd;w (tpg 3:14) flTspd; Gdpjkhd nrhe;j ngaUf;F milahskha; mike;Js;sJ. thdKk; GkpAk; ckJ kfpikahy; epiwe;Js;sd (vrh 6:3) ,e;j fUj;J vrhahtpd; ,iwthf;fpypUe;J vLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. NkYk; Xrhd;dh vd;w fpNuf;f thh;j;ij “hoisianna” vd;w vgpNua thh;j;ijapd; jOty;. ,jw;F tpLtpAk; Mz;ltNu cjtp nra;jUSk;. Mz;ltNu (jpgh 118:25) vd;W nghUs;. ,J xU tptpypag; ghly;.

    ew;fUiz kd;whl;L

    ew;fUiz kd;whl;L ,uz;L Kf;fpag; gphpTfshf mike;jpUf;fpwJ. (1) njhlf;fTiu (2) ew;fUiz kd;whl;L

    1. njhlf;fTiu

    jpUg;gypapd; ehd;F Kf;fpag; gphpTfspYk; tUtJNghd;W FUthdth; ,iwgpurd;dk; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ,Ug;gij vLj;Jiuf;fpwhh;. ,iwkf;fSk; mjw;F gjpy;nkhop $Wfpwhh;fs;.

      FU: Mz;lth; cq;fNshL ,Ug;ghuhf.
      vy;: ck;NkhL ,Ug;ghuhf.

    ,f;Fwpg;gpl;l gFjpapy; ekJ KO kdj;NjhL gq;Fngw miog;G tpLf;Fk; td;dk; ,jaq;fis ,iwtdplk; vOg;gTk; mth; nra;j midj;J ed;ikfSf;fhfTk; ed;wp $wTk; miog;G tpLf;fpwhh;. ,iwkf;fSk; mt;thW nra;tJ jFjpAk; ePjpapAkhdJ vd;W gjpy;nkhop$Wfpd;wdh;.

    jpUg;gyp Gj;jfj;jpy; gy;NtW njhlf;f ciufs; nfhLf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. rpwg;G topghl;Lf; fhyq;fSf;fhfTk;> nghJf;fhyq;fSf;fhfTk;> Gdpjh;fspd; (kiwrhl;rpfs;> jpUj;J}jh;fs;> Nka;g;gh;fs;> fd;dpah;> Jwtpah;) tpohf;fSf;fhfTk; gy;NtW njhlf;fTiufs; me;j jpUg;gypapd; ikaf; fUj;ij vLj;Jiug;gjhf mikfpwJ.

    2. ew;fUiz kd;whl;L

    jw;Nghjia nkhopngah;g;G jpUg;gyp Gj;jfj;jpy; xd;gJ ew;fUiz kd;whl;Lf;fs; mike;jpUf;fpd;wd. goikahd ehd;F ew;fUiz kd;whl;Lfisj; njhlh;e;J rpWth; jpUg;gypf;fhd kd;whl;Lf;fs; %d;Wk; kd;dpg;G topghl;Lf;fhd ew;fUiz kd;whl;Lf;fs; ,uz;Lk; Nrh;e;J xd;gJ ew;fUiz kd;whl;Lf;fs; mike;Js;sJ.

    Kjy; ew;fUiz kd;whl;L cNuhik ew;fUiz kd;whl;L vd;W toq;fg;gLfpwJ jpUr;rigapd; kpf goikahd kd;whl;lhf ,J mike;Js;sJ. ,uz;lhtJ ew;fUiz kd;whl;L Vida ew;fUiz kd;whl;Lf;fis tpl mstpy; rpwpajhf mike;Js;sJ. %d;whtJ ew;fUiz kd;whl;L cynfq;Fk; thOk; fj;Njhypf;f jpUr;rig xd;wpize;J nrYj;Jk; ew;fUiz gypapd; Nkd;ikia typAWj;JfpwJ. ehd;fhk; ew;fUiz kd;whl;L ,iwtd; jkJ kf;fis vt;thW gy;NtW mbikjdq;fspypUe;J kPl;lhh; vd;Dk; kPl;gpd; tuyhw;iw vLj;Jr;nrhy;Yk; ew;fUiz kd;whl;lhf mike;Js;sJ. ,t;thW ntt;NtW ew;fUiz kd;whl;Lf;fs; gy kPl;Gj; jpl;lq;fis ntspg;gLj;jpdhYk; midj;J ew;fUiz kd;whl;LfspYk; ikakhf miktJ trpfu thh;j;ij vd;W nrhy;yg;gLk; mg;g ,urj;ij mh;r;rpf;Fk; thh;j;ijfs; MFk;.

    vd; cly; vd; ,uj;jk;

    ,NaR ghLgLKd;G jk; rPlh;fNshL gh];fh tpUe;ij mUe;jpdhh;. jpUg;gypahdJ ,e;j ,uhTztpd; tpUe;ij kPz;Lk; jj;&gkhff; nfhz;lhLk; xU epfo;T vd;gij epidTgLj;j ,t;tuyhw;iwf; FUthdth; nrhy;Yfpwhh;. ,NaR nrhd;d mNj thh;j;ijfisf; FUthdth; trPfu thh;j;ijfshfr; nrhy;Yfpwhh;. “,J vd; cly;” “,J vd; ,uj;jk;”. vd;Nd tpe;ij! ,t;thh;j;ijfSf;Fj;jhd; vj;Jiz ty;yik! cz;ikahfNt ,r;rhjhuz nghUl;fs; ,NaRtpd; clyhfTk;> ,uj;jkhfTk; khWfpd;wd!

    vd; epidthfr; nra;Aq;fs;

    vij mth; epidthfr; nra;a Ntz;Lk;? mg;gj;ij vLj;J ed;wp nrhy;yp mijg;gpl;L jk; rPlUf;F mspj;J. vd; epidthfr; nra;Aq;fs; vd;fpwhh;. mtuJ gpwg;G> ,iwtd; kdpjuhd mw;Gjk;> mtuJ tho;T> ghLfs;> kuzk;> caph;g;G vd;W jd;idNa ntWikahf;fpa (Kenosis) rhit Vw;w> mJTk; rpYitr; rhit Vw;w (gpyp 2:7-8) ,NaRtpd; md;ig epidj;Jg; ghh;f;f miof;fg; ngWfpNwhk;. mg;gk; gpLjypy; mth; jd; tho;it jpahfg; gypaha; mh;g;gzpj;jij ehk; epidj;Jg; ghh;f;f Ntz;Lk;.

    vd; md;gpy; epiyj;jpUq;fs; (Nahth 15:5)> jpuhl;ir nrbAk; fpisAk; ,ize;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. vdNt jhd; fpwp];Jtpd; mUs; (vNg 6:23@ cNuh 1:7) flTspd md;G> J}a Mtpapd; Njhoik ek;NkhL ,Uf;f ,e;j cwTf;Fs; ehk; fle;J tu FUthdth; miof;fpwhh;. %nthU ,iwtd; xd;wha; ,Ug;gJ Nghy ,ize;J tho;tJ Nghy ehKk; ,e;j %nthU ,iwtdpd; cwtpy; xd;wpiza miof;fg; ngWfpNwhk;. ,iwtDs; rq;fkkhf jpUg;gyp ngUk; tha;g;ghFk;.

    A+j ghuk;ghpaj;jpy; nkrpahtpd; fhyj;jpy; (Messianic Era) Gjpa kd;dhthdJ nfhLf;fg;gLk; vd;w ek;gpf;if ,Ue;jJ. ,];uhNayhpd; tuyhw;W kw;Wk; QhdE}y;fspy; tpz;zf mg;gk; gw;wpa Fwpg;Gfisg; ghh;f;f KbfpwJ. mth;fs; cz;gjw;fhf kd;dhit kionadg; nghopar; nra;jhh;. mth;fSf;F thdfj;J czit toq;fpdhh;. (jpgh 78:24) vd;Wk; thdpd;W te;j czthy; mth;fis epiwTwr; nra;jhh; (jpgh 105:40)> thdJ}jh;fspd; czit khdplh; cz;ldh; (jpgh 78:25)> gdpf;fl;b Nghy; vspjpy; cUFk; jd;ik nfhz;l me;j tpz;zf czitAk; cUf;ftpy;iy (rhQh 19:21)> mopahj czthf cs;sJ vd;Wk; nghUs; nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. ,NaRTk; %d;W tifahd mg;gj;ijg; gw;wp Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;.

    (m) NkhaPrd; topaha; A+jh;fs; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l ghiytdj;J kd;dh (tpg 16:15@ Nahth 6:49)

    (M) thdfj;J czT my;yJ tho;T jUk; czT (Nahth 6:32-35)

    (,) ew;fUizapy; thOk; fpwp];J ,NaRNt Gjpa kd;dh (Nahth 6:52) vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;.

    ,NaR ngj;yNfkpy; gpwf;fpwhh;. ngj;yNfk; vd;why; cnuhl;bapd; tPL (House of Bread) vd;W nghUs;> cnuhl;bapd; tPl;by; cyfpw;Nf czthfg; NghFk; ,NaR gpwe;jJ nghUj;jkhdjhfNt cs;sJ. NkYk; Y}f; 2:7> 12:16y; md;id khpahs; Foe;ij ,NaRitg; ngw;nwLj;J jPtdj; njhl;bapy; fplj;jpdhh; vd;W Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. ML> khLfs; czT cl;nfhs;fpw njhl;bapy; fplj;jg;gl;lhh;. kPz;Lk; cyF tho jd; rijiaNa (Nahth 6) nfhLf;fg;NghFk; ,NaRtpw;F Kd;dilahskhf ,Ug;gjhf nfhs;syhk;. ,t;thW ,NaR Gjpa kd;dhthf Md;kPf tho;tpd; mbj;jskhf> cyif tho itf;Fk; cd;dj czthfNt tptpypak; ntspf;fhl;bAs;sJ.

    2. ew;fUiz kd;whl;L

    tho;T jUk; czT ehNd (Nahth 6:35). ,e;j czT thdj;jpypUe;J ,wq;fp te;Js;sJ (Nahth 6:51). ,ij cz;lhy; epiy tho;T ngWth; (V.51) kfidf;fz;L mthplk; ek;gpf;if nfhz;lhy; epiy tho;T fpilf;Fk;.

    njhlf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;j thh;j;ij (Word)

    flTNshL ,Ue;j thh;j;ij> flTsha; ,Ue;j thh;j;ij (Nahth 1:1) rijahdhh;.

    ,NaRjhd; thdpd;W te;jth;. mtiu cz;lhy; epiytho;T. ,NaRit ek;gpdhy; epiytho;T. tho;T jUtJ J}aMtpNa> Cdpay;G xd;Wf;Fk; cjthJ (V.63). vJ J}aMtp vd;why; ,NaRtpd; thh;j;ij jhd; MtpahFk;> ehd; $wpa thh;j;ijfs; tho;T jUk; Mtpia nfhLf;fpd;wd (V.63). thh;j;ijfs; tho;itAk;> MtpiaAk; jUfpd;wd vd;fpwhh; ,NaR.

    vd; rijia jpz;Zq;fs; vd; ,uj;jj;ij gUFq;fs; vd;gnjy;yhk; xU r%fj;ij ,NaRitAk; mtuJ nra;jpfisAk; ek;gr; nra;tjd; topahf fpwp];Jtpd; kPl;Gg; gzpapy; kf;fis ,izf;f Ntz;bajd; Njitia czh;j;Jk; milahsg; (Symbolic) Ngr;rhFk;. rijAk; ,uj;jKk; vgpNua nkhopapy; kdpjid milahsg; gLj;jpaJ. vdNt rijiaAk;> ,uj;jj;ijAk; Fbg;gnjd;gJ kdpjdha; ntspg;gl;l ,NaRtpd; KOikia nkhj;jkha; Ghpe;J nfhs;tJ (Nahth 6:57). vd;id cz;gtd; vd;why; vd; rijia cz;L ,uj;jj;ij Fbg;gtndy;yhk; vd;W nghUs;.

    xt;nthU jpUg;gypAk; flTspd; fy;thhp gypia> mtuJ md;ig KOikaha; epidTg;gLj;JfpwJ. mg;gj;ij cz;L> fpz;zj;jpy; gUFk; Nghnjy;yhk; ,NaRtpd; kuzj;ij ehk; mth; kPz;Lk; tUk; tiu mwpf;ifapLfpNwhk; (1 nfhhp 11:26). mtuJ kuzk;> cyF tho mth; nfhLj;j tpiy (Nahth 6:51). rpe;jg;gl;lJ MLkhLfspd; ,uj;jk; my;y khwhf tpiy kjpg;gpy;yhj flTspd; ,uj;jk; (vgp 1:1). mg;gk; gpLk; NghJk; topapy; ,iw thh;j;ijia tpsf;Fk; NghJk; mth;fs; fpwp];Jit fz;L nfhs;fpwhh;fs; (Y}f; 24:31). ,NaR flTspd; kfd;> flTs; ekf;fhf gypahdhH vd;gij Vw;Wf; nfhs;s jpUg;gyp cjt Ntz;Lk;. vk;khT+]; rPlh;fspd; fz;fs; jpwe;jd. mtiu mth;fs; milahsk; fz;L nfhz;lhh;fs; (Y}f; 24:31). ,iwthh;j;ijia ,NaR tpsf;fpa NghJ mth;fspd; cs;sk; gw;wp vhpe;jJ (Y}f; 24:32). ePq;fhj epidtpy; vd;Wk; kdpjh;fs; epidj;Jg; ghh;f;f Ntz;ba xd;W. epidj;J epidj;J nfhz;lhl Ntz;ba xd;W> mtuJ fy;thhp md;G. vdNt xt;nthU jpUg;gypapYk; mg;gj;ij cz;L ,uj;jj;ij gUFk; Nghnjy;yhk; gypahd flTspd; kfid> mtuJ md;ig> caph; jUk; mtuJ thh;j;ijia KOikaha; czh;e;J> ekjhf;fp nfhz;lhy;> ahh; ,e;j ,NaR> Vd; ,e;j fy;thhp gyp vd;gij Ghpe;J nfhz;lhy; epiy tho;T epr;rak; cz;L.

    ,J tpRthrj;jpd; kiwnghUs;

    “,J tpRthrj;jpd; kiw nghUs;” vd;W FU mwpf;ifapl kf;fs; cuj;jf;Fuypy; mij MNkhjpj;J Mh;g;ghpf;fpd;wdh;. “Mz;ltNu! ePh; tUksTk; ckJ ,wg;gpid mwpf;ifapLfpd;Nwhk;@ ckJ caph;g;gpidAk; vLj;Jiuf;fpd;Nwhk;!”

    xg;Gf; nfhLj;jy;

    ‘tho;T jUk; mg;gj;ijAk; kPl;gspf;Fk; fpz;zj;ijAk; ckf;F xg;Gf; nfhLf;fpd;Nwhk;’ vd;W ,uj;jpdr; RUf;fkhf FUthdth; nrgpf;fpd;whh;.

    ghpe;Jiu kd;whl;L

    mfpy cyfk; KOtJk; gue;J tphpe;J gzpGhpAk; jpUr;rigf;fhd ghpe;Jiu nrk; ,J. ,r;nrgk; Gdpj md;id khpahs;> Gdpjh;fs;> jpUj;J}jh;fs; kiwrhl;rpah; topahf VnwLf;fg;gLfpwJ. jpUr;rigapy; ,d;W thOk; NghuhLk; jpUr;rig egh;fSf;fhd kd;whl;L ,J. rpwg;ghf mfpy cyfj; jpUr;rigapd; jiyth; jpUj;je;ij> Mah;fs;> FUf;fs; Jwtpah; kw;Wk; nghJ epiyapdh; vd;w FLk;gj;jpw;fhfr; nrgpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,we;JNghd ekJ rNfhju rNfhjhpfisAk; ed;wpAzh;Tld; epidT $Wfpd;Nwhk;. ehKk; xUehs; ,th;fNshL Nrh;e;J ,iwtdpd; khl;rpikiaf; fhz;Nghk; vd;w ek;gpf;ifAld; ,r;nrgk; Kbfpd;wJ.

    rpwg;Gg; GfOiu – rpwpa vOe;Njw;wk;

    Nkw;$wpa kd;whl;Lf;fisnay;yhk; ,NaRtpd; topahfj; J}a Mtpahhpd; xd;wpg;gpy; vy;yhk; ty;y ,iwj;je;ijf;F xg;Gf;nfhLg;gjw;fhd ed;wp kd;whl;bd; mjpcd;dj KbTiuahf mikfpd;w ,e;j kd;whl;ilf; FU Mlk;gukhfg; ghLfpd;whh;.

    ‘,th; topahf ,tNuhL ,thpy; vy;yhk; ty;y ,iwtdhfpaj; je;ijNa J}a Mtpapd; xd;wpg;gpy; vy;yhg;GfOk; khl;rpAk; vd;nwd;Wk; ckf;F chpaNj’.

    fh;j;jh; fw;W je;j nrgk;

    ,NaRNt fw;Wj; je;j nrgk; ,J. kw;wth; ghh;f;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nghypj;jdkha; nrgpf;Fk; #oypy; vg;gb nrgpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nfs;tpf;F ,NaR je;j gjpy; ,J. kj;NjAtpd; ew;nra;jpapd;gb 7 tpz;zg;gq;fis ,NaR fw;W je;j nrgj;jpy; nrgpf;fpNwhk;. Y}f;fhNth 5 tpz;zg;gq;fis Fwpg;gpLfpwhh; (kj; 6:9-15@ Y}f; 11:1-4).

    ,e;j n[gkhdJ md;whl czit ,iwQ;Rk; tifapYk;> kd;dpg;ig kd;whLk; tifapYk; fp.gp. 4k; E}w;whz;L Kjw;nfhz;Nl nrgpf;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ. vq;fs; md;whl czit vq;fSf;F jhUk; vd;W nrgpf;Fk; NghJ ehk; Nfl;gJ epiytho;T jUk; czit vq;fSf;F jhUk; vd;Nw nrgpf;fpNwhk;. ,e;j nrgj;ij jpUj;je;ij nghpa fpuNfhhpahh; jpUg;gypapy; ,izj;jhh;.

    ngUk;ghyhd ,iwapay; mwpQh;fs; md;whl czT vd;gij ehis vd;W nghUs; Ghpa Ntz;Lnkd;fpd;wdh;. Vndd;why; A+jh;fisg; nghWj;j kl;by; ehis vd;gJ kW ehs; my;y. khwhf Mz;lthpd; ehs; mjhtJ caph;g;gpf;fg;gLk; ehs; me;j ehSf;fhf md;whl jpUg;gyp ek;ik jahhpf;f Ntz;Lk;. “vq;fs; je;ijNa” vd;gJ flTNshL ekf;Fs;s KOikahd GjpaNjhh; cwit ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. tpRthrpfs;> FLk;g cwNthLk; ghrj;NjhLk; flTis mg;gh> je;ijNa vd;W ek;gpf;ifNahL miof;Fk; chpikia ngWfpd;wdh;. (fyh 4:6@ khw; 14:36) vd;w khngUk; cz;ikia Ghpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

    NkYk; ehk; thOk; cyfpy; jPikfSk; cz;L. jPikapd; Mjpfhuzkhd jPNahDk; cz;L. (Nahth 17:15)> jPikapy; ,Ue;J my;y jPikf;F fhuzkhd jPNahdplkpUe;J vq;fis fhj;J nfhs;Sk; (Y}f; 11:4@ kj; 6:13) vd;w kdepiyNahL nrgpf;f miof;fg; ngWfpNwhk;. jPik vd;gJ tpisT. jPNahd; fhuzkhdtd;. jPNahdplkpUe;J> jPikf;F fhuzkhdtdplk; ,Ue;J vq;fis fhg;ghw;Wk; vd;W nrgpf;fpNwhk;. NkYk; ,e;j nrgj;ij ,NaRtpd; rPlh;fs; kl;LNk nrgpf;f KbAk;. ahh; ahnuy;yhk; ,NaRtpd; rPlh;fsha; mtUf;F jq;fs; tho;it mh;g;gzpj;Jf; nfhz;lhh;fNsh mth;fs; kl;Lk; jhd; mh;j;jKld; nrgpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

    rkhjhd Kj;jk;

    jpUg;gypapy; rkhjhd tho;j;J %d;W gFjpfshfg; gphpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

    (m) FUthdth; mikjpf;fhfr; nrgpf;fpwhh;.

    (M) FUthdth; jd; rigapy;/gq;F FOkj;jpy; (Community) rkhjhdk; epyt tho;j;Jfpwhh;. jpUtpUe;Jf;F Kd;dhy; ,e;j tho;j;J tUfpwJ.

    (,) jpUg;gypapy; gq;nfLg;gth;fs; xt;nthUtUk; rkhjhdj;ijg; gfph;e;J nfhs;fpd;wdh;. ,e;j rkhjhd tho;j;J if FYf;fTk;> xU fd;dj;jpy; Kj;jkpl;Lk;> ,U fd;dj;jpy; Kj;jkpl;Lk;> ekJ gz;ghl;bd; gb fuk; Ftpj;J Kfk; ghh;j;J jiy tzq;fpAk; gfph;e;J nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ.

    tuyhw;W neLfpYk; jpUg;gypapy; ,e;j rkhjhd Kj;jk; xNu ,lj;jpYk;> xNu mh;j;jj;ijAk; je;jJ ,y;iy. ,uz;lhk; E}w;whz;bd; kj;jpapy; tho;e;j Gdpj [];bd; jdJ vOj;Jf;fspy; ,e;j rkhjhd Kj;jk; ,iwthh;j;ij topghL Kbe;j gpwF ele;jjhf Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;. fpgp. 416y; tho;e;j Nghg; ,d;Ndhnrd;l; (Pope Innocent) ,e;j rkhjhd Kj;jj;ij topghl;bd; ,Wjpapy; jq;fsJ tho;tpy; ,e;j rkhjhdj;ijg; gug;GNthk; vd;w cWjpg;ghl;il jUk; tifapy; mika Ntz;Lk; vd;W typAWj;jpdhh;. fp.gp. 430y; Gdpj mF];jpdhh; ,g;NghJ tof;fpy; cs;sgb fh;j;jh; fw;gpj;j nrgj;jpw;F gpwF kd;dpf;fpNwhk;> kwf;fpNwhk; vd;gij ntspg;gLj;Jk; tifapy; ehk; nrgpj;jJ Nghy; tho;Nthk; vd;w cWjpAld; rkhjhdk; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;W typAWj;jpdhh;. kw;Wk; rpyh; rkhjhd Kj;jk; topghl;bd; njhlf;fj;jpNyNa mika Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; $wpdh;.

    tptpypa gf;fq;fspy; rkhjhd Kj;jk; gy ,lq;fspy; gy mh;j;jq;fspy; gyuhYk; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.

    1. ez;gh;fSk; FLk;g cWg;gpdh;fSk; xUtiu xUth; jOtp Kj;jkpl;L md;ig gfph;e;jdh; (njhE} 29:11@ 33:4@ 45:15@ 48:10@ tpg 4:27)

    2. xUtiu tpl;L xUth; tpilngWk; NghJk; (njhE} 31:28> 55@ 50:1@ 1 rhK 20:41@ &j; 1:9)

    (3) ,e;j rkhjhd Kj;jk; rpy Neuq;fspy; Mo;e;j ge;jj;ijAk;> el;igAk;> FLk;g cwitAk; ntspf;fhl;l cjTfpwJ (njhE} 27:26).

    gTybahh; jd; fpwp];jt rigfSf;F fbjk; vOJk; NghJ J}a Kj;jk; nfhLj;J xUtiu xUth; tho;j;Jq;fs; vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;. (cNuh 16:16@ 1 nfhhp 16:20@ 2 nfhhp 13:12@ 1 njr 5:26). Gdpj NgJU jdJ fbjj;jpy; md;G Kj;jk; nfhLj;J mLj;jtiu tho;j;Jq;fs; (1 NgJ 5:14) vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;.

    ,NaRtpd; rkhjhdk; cyfk; juKbahj rkhjhdk;

    ,NaR thf;fspf;Fk; rkhjhdk; cyfk; juKbahj rkhjhdk;. (Nahth 14:27-31). tpiy kjpg;gpy;yh jd; ,uj;jk; rpe;jp ngw;Wj;je;Js;s mhpa rkhjhdk;. caph;j;j Mz;lth; xt;nthU KiwAk; rPlh;fSf;F fhl;rp jUk; Nghnjy;yhk; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; nrhd;d thh;j;ij “cq;fSf;F mikjp (Nahth 20:19> 26) cz;lhFf” (Nahth 20:19> 21> 26) vd;W rPlh;fis tho;j;Jfpwhh;. rkhjhdj;ij flTs; tpUk;Gfpwhh;. rkhjhdk; jUtjhf thf;fspf;fpwhh;. caph;j;j flTspd; nfhil rkhjhdk;. ,NaRtpd; gps;isfs;> rPlh;fs; vd;gjw;F xNu milahsk; mth;fs; mikjpia Nerpg;gth;fshf ,Ug;ghHfs;. rkhjhdk; ,NaRtpd; thf;FWjp.

    cyfpd; ghtq;fisg; Nghf;Fk; nrk;kwp

    cyfpd; ghtk; Nghf;Fk; ,iwtdpd; nrk;kwpNa… vd;w ,e;j ghly; mg;gq;fis cilj;Jg; gfph;tjw;F epiwa Neuk; Njitg;gl;l fhuzj;jhy; ,e;j nrgj;ij kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; njhlh;e;J kf;fs; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;NlapUe;jdh;. ,e;j ghly; fpNuf;f rphpa %yj;jpypUe;J vLf;fg;gl;L gpd; jpUg;gypapy; jpUj;je;ij nrh;[pA+]; (Pope Sergins – I 687-701) vd;gtuhy; “cyfpd; ghtq;fis Nghf;Fk;” vd;W ,izf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;j Ml;Lf;Fl;bapd; jpUkz tpUe;Jf;F miof;fg;ngw;Ws;s ehk; NgW ngw;wth;fs; (jpnt 19:9) vd;w cz;ikia czh;e;J ek;ikNa ehk; jFjpAilath;fshf khw;wpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

    vd; ghtq;fSf;fhf gypahd ,NaRtpd; ,e;j ew;fUiz jpUtpUe;J cd;djkhdJ. kpf cah;e;jJ. vdNt Ml;Lf;Fl;bapd; ,uj;jj;jhy; jq;fis ghpRj;jkhf;fp nfhz;lth;fshf tho miof;fg;gLfpNwhk;. jpUKOf;F Nahthdpd; rPlh;fs; ,e;j nrk;kwpia Njbdh;> fz;L nfhz;ldh;> ek;gpdh;> mtNuhL jq;fpdh;. ,th;jhd; nkrpah vd;W fz;L jd; rNfhjuDf;F mwptpj;jdh; (Nahth 1:35-41). ,e;j xU mDgtj;jpw;F FUthdtUk; ek;ik miof;fpd;whh;.

    mh;g;gzpf;fg;gl;l mg;gj;jpd; rpW Jz;L jpuhl;ir ,urj;jpy; fyf;fg;gLtJ Vd;?

    vd; epidthfr; nra;Aq;fs; vd;W mh;g;gzpf;fg;gl;l (Consecrated) jdpj;jdpahf cs;s mg;gKk;> ,urKk; ,NaRtpd; kuzj;ij milahsg;gLj;Jfpd;wd. ,NaRtpd; clYk;> ,uj;jKk;> gphpf;fg;gl;L tpl;ld. ,g;NghJ FUthdth; mg;gj;jpd; rpWJz;il ,uj;jj;jpy; fyg;gJ ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; caph;g;ig Fwpg;gpLfpd;wJ. ,NaR caph;j;jhh; vd;gJ fhyg;Nghf;fpy; te;j tpsf;fk;. njhlf;f fhyj;jpy; cNuhik efhpy; jpUj;je;ij jpUg;gyp epiwNtw;Wk;NghJ vy;yh kf;fSk; gq;nfLf;f Kbatpy;iy. vdNt Fwpg;gpl;l ehsd;W jpUj;je;ij epiwNtw;wpa jpUg;gypapy; cilf;fg;gl;l mg;gj;jpd; rpWJz;L (acolytes) topahf kw;w ,lq;fSf;F vLj;J nrd;wdh;. ,J xw;Wikapd; milahskhfTk; cs;sJ. NkYk; njhlf;fj;jpy; mg;gk; Gspj;j khtpdhy; nra;ag;gl;ljhfTk;> ,J fbdkhdjhf khwp tpLtjhYk; ,urj;jpy; Njha;j;J cl;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ.

    ,Njh ,iwtdpd; nrk;kwp

    jpUg;gypapy; “cyfpd; ghtq;fisg; Nghf;Fk;….” gpwF FUthdth; mg;gj;ij cilj;J> caHj;jpf; fhl;b “,Njh ,iwtdpd; nrk;kwp cyfpd; ghtq;fisg; Nghf;Ffpwth;. nrk;kwpapd; tpUe;Jf;F miof;fg;ngw;Nwhh; NgW ngw;Nwhh;” vd;W $Wfpwhh;. ,iwtdpd; nrk;kwp> Njt Ml;Lf;Fl;b vd;W ,NaR fpwp];J Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwhh;. Fwpg;ghf jpUntspg;ghl;L E}ypy; Nahthd; ,NaR fpwp];Jit nrk;kwpahf> nfhy;yg;gl;l Ml;Lf; Fl;bahf (jpnt 5:12)> VO Kj;jpiufis cilf;Fk; Ml;Lf; Fl;bahf (jpnt 6:1)> Ml;Lf; Fl;bapd; jpUkz tpUe;Jf;F miof;fg; ngw;Nwhh; NgW ngw;wth;fs; vd;Wk; (jpnt 19:9)> Ml;Lf; Fl;b mhpaizapy; mkh;e;Js;shh;> (jpnt 22:3)> vd;Wk; ntspg;gLj;Jfpwhh;. vdNt tptpypaj;jpy; ,NaRit nrk;kwpahfNt ghh;j;Js;sdh;.

    Ml;Lf;Fl;bapd; jpUkz tpoh te;Jtpl;lJ. ,e;j Ml;Lf;Fl;bapd; tpUe;Jf;F miof;fg; ngWfpNwhk; (jpnt 19:7). ,e;j Ml;Lf; Fl;b (Sheep) vd;w thh;j;ij 500 Kiw tptpypaj;jpy; tUfpwJ. jpUKOf;F Nahthdpd; ,e;j mwpKfk; Kf;fpakhdJ. jpUKOf;F Nahthd;jhd; Kjy; Kiwahf ,e;j cyfpw;F ,NaRit “nrk;kwp” vd;W mwpKfg;gLj;Jfpwhh; (Nahth 1:36).

    Njt Ml;Lf;Fl;b ,NaR fpwp];J

    Nahthd; ew;nra;jpapy; ew;nra;jpahsh; (Nahth 1:29> 36) ,UKiw ,NaR fpwp];Jit ,iwtdpd; nrk;kwp vd;W miof;fpwhh;. jpUntspg;ghl;L E}ypYk; ,NaR fpwp];Jit cyfpd; ghtk; Nghf;Fk; nrk;kwpahf Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;fs;. 1 nfhhp 5:7y; gTybahh;> ek; gh];fh Mlhfpa (Passover Lamb) fpwp];J gypaplg;gl;bUf;fpwhh; vd;Wk;> Gjpa gh];fhtpy; gypahd Ml;Lf;Fl;b ,NaRjhd; vd;W cWjpg;gLj;Jfpwhh;. Gjpa gh];fhtpy; gypahd ML ,NaRNt.

    gioa Vw;ghl;L E}ypy; (tpg 12:7) ,];uNay; kf;fs; Ml;L Fl;bapd; ,uj;jj;ij jq;fsJ fjtpy; G+RkhW gzpf;fg;gLfpwhh;fs;. xt;nthU gh];fhTk; flTspd; kPl;Gr; nraiy vfpg;jpahpd; mbikj; jdq;fspy; ,Ue;J ghYk; NjDk; nghopAk; Njrj;jpw;F> nrq;fly;> ghiy epyq;fisnay;yhk; fle;J mioj;Jr; nrd;wij ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. Gjpa kf;fspdkhf tpLjiyapd; kf;fshf mth;fs; khWfpwhh;fs;. vrhah Fwpg;gpLk; Jd;GWk; Copad; ek; gpzpfisj; jhq;fp nfhz;lhh;. ek; Jd;gq;fisr; Rke;J nfhz;lhh;. Fw;wq;fSf;fhf fhakile;jhh;. ek; midthpd; jPr; nray;fisAk; mth; Nky; Rkj;jpdhh;. mbg;gjw;F ,Oj;Jr;nry;ygl;l Ml;Lf;Fl;bNghYk; cNuhkk; fj;jhpg;Nghh; Kd;dpiyapy; fj;jhj nrk;kwp NghYk; mth; jk; thiaj; jpwthjpUe;jhh; vrh 53:7. cyfpd; ghtq;fs; ,NaR Ml;Lf; Fl;bapd; Nky; Rkj;jg;gl;lJ. toptopaha; te;j tPzhd elj;ijapdpd;W cq;fis tpLtpf;ff; nfhLf;fg;gl;l tpiy vd;d ntd;W cq;fSf;F njhpAk;. mJ nghd;Dk; nts;spAk; Nghd;W mopTf;Fl;gl;lJ my;y. khwhf khRkWtw;w Ml;Lf; Fl;biag; Nghd;w fpwp];Jtpd; cah; kpjpg;Gs;s ,uj;jkhFk; (1 NgJ 1:18-19). ,NaR ght ghpfhug; gypaha; jd;idNa xg;Gf; nfhLj;J jd; md;ig ntspg;gLj;jpAs;shh;.

    nrd;W thUq;fs;

    Mz;ltiu tho;j;jpg; Gfo;e;jth;fsha;> ew;gzp Ghpe;J thog; gphpahtpil ngw;W jpUf;$l;lk; mDg;gg;gLfpwJ. ,iwad;gpYk; gpwud;gpYk; tho nrd;W thUq;fs; vd;W ,iw kf;fs; tho;j;jp mDg;gp itf;fg;gLfpwhh;fs;. nrd;W thUq;fs; (Ite Missa est) vd;w thh;j;ijfs; fpNuf;fh; kw;Wk; cNuhikah;fs; kj;jpapy; rigia ($l;lj;ij) Kbg;gjw;nfd;W gad;gLj;jpathh;j;ijfs;. NkYk; jpUg;gyp vd;w thh;j;ij (Mass) “Dimissio” vd;w ,yj;jpd; thh;j;ijapy; ,Ue;J vLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. rig fsp$WfpwJ> gzp (Mission) njhlh;fpwJ vd;Wk; mh;j;jk; nfhs;syhk;. nrd;W thUq;fs; tho;f;if gyp njhlh;fpwJ vd;gJ KOg; nghUisj; jUfpwJ.

    ehk; mDg;gg;gl;Ls;Nshk;. Fwpg;gpl;l gzpf;fhf mDg;gg;gLfpNwhk;. nkrpahtpd; tUif Fwpj;J kf;fis jahuhf;f jpUKOf;F Nahthd; tUfpwhh;. nkrpah tUthh;> te;J ek;ik kPl;ghh; vd;W ,];uhNay; kf;fSf;Fr; nrhy;yp> mtiu vjph; nfhs;s jahuhFq;fs;> vd;W nrhy;y vrhah mDg;gg;gl;lhh;. flTspd; Fuyhf> flTisAk; mwpe;J “,Njh> Ml;Lf; Fl;b” (Nahth 1:29) vd;W rhl;rpak; nrhd;dhh;. nkrpahit vjph; nfhs;s tho;it rPuikj;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. kdk; jpUk;Gq;fs;> ghijia khw;wpf; nfhs;Sq;fs; vd;W tho;thy; rhl;rpak; gfh;e;jhh;. ehk; thOk; tho;f;if #oypy; ehKk; mDg;gg;gl;Ls;Nshk;. cz;ikf;Fk;> kPl;Gf;Fk; rhl;rpak; gfu> Mz;ltd; Fuyha; mtdpia khw;w.

    jpUtopghl;Lf; fiyr; nrhw;fs;

     

    1 Acolyte - gPl cjtpahsh;
    2 Angelus - jphpfhyr; nrgk;
    3 Asperges - jPh;j;jf;fyk;
    4 Altar cloth - gPlj;Jzp
    5 Altar servers ( boys/girls) - gypgPl G+f;fs; (rpWth;fs;/rpWkpfs;)
    6 Altar - gypgPlk;
    7 Anointing of the sick - Nehapy; G+Rjy;
    8 Advent  - jpUtUiff; fhyk;
    9 Antependium  - gPlj;jpd; Kd; njhq;Fk; Jzp
    10 Ambo  - thrf Nkil
    11 Ash Wednesday - jpUePw;Wg; Gjd;
    12 Alb  - jpUg;gypf;Ff; FUthdth; mzpAk; nky;ypa nts;is mq;fp
    13 Adoration - Muhjid
    14 Agape - md;G tpUe;J
    15 Baptistry - jpUKOf;Fj; njhl;b
    16 Baptism  - jpUKOf;F
    17 Breaking of Bread  - mg;gg; gfph;T
    18 Cross  - jpUr;rpYit
    19 Corpus Christi  - ,NaRtpd; jpUTly; jpU ,uj;jj; jpUtpoh
    20 Choir - ghlfh;f;FO
    21 Catechist - Ntjpah;
    22 Catechism - kiwf;fy;tp
    23 Chasuble - FU mzpAk; jpUg;gyp cil
    24 Cassock  - mq;fp
    25 Cincture - ,ilf;fapW
    26 Chrism  - ghpks vz;nza;
    27 Catechumanate - fpwpj;Jtg; GFepiy
    28 Cruets - ,urf;Fg;gp
    29 Chalice - jpUg;gypf; fpz;zk;
    30 Corporal  - jpUNkdpj;Jfpy;
    31 Ciborium - ew;fUizg; ghj;jpuk;
    32 Clappers - kukzp
    33 Candle - nkOF jphp
    34 Cople - fhg;gh
    35 Creed - tpRthr mwpf;if
    36 Consecration - trPfuk; - mh;r;rpg;G
    37 Canon of the Mass - ew;fUiz kd;whl;L
    38 Confirmation - cWjpG+Rjy;
    39 Communion Minister - ew;fUiz toq;Fk;
    40 Concelebration - $l;Lj;jpUg;gyp
    41 Concelebrants  - $l;Lj;jpUg;gypapy; gq;Nfw;Fk; FUf;fs;> mah;fs;
    42 Collect - rig kd;whl;L
    43 Car procession - Njh;g; gtdp
    44 Deacon - jpUj;njhz;lh; (Mz;ghy;)
    45 Deaconess  - jpUj;njhz;lh; (ngz;ghy;)
    46 Dedication of the church - Mya mh;r;rpg;G
    47 Easter  - caph;g;G QhapW
    48 Entrance of the Church - Nfhapy; Kw;wk;
    49 Epistle - jpUKfk;
    50 Easter vigil - gh];fhj; jpUtpopg;G
    51 Easter Candle - gh];fhj; jphp
    52 Exultet - gh];fhg; GfOiu
    53 Eucharist - ew;fUiz
    54 Eucharistic Adoration - ew;fUiz Muhjid
    55 Eucharistic procession - ew;fUizg; gtdp
    56 Entrance Hymn - EioTf; fPjk;
    57 First Holy Communion - Kjy; Kiwahf ew;fUiz ngwy;
    58 Feast - jpUtpoh
    59 Fast  - Nehd;G
    60 Flag – Post - nfhb kuk;
    61 Flag – hoisting - nfhbNaw;wk;
    62 Funeral rite - mlf;ff; rlq;F
    63 Gospel - ew;nra;jp
    64 Good Friday - nghpa nts;sp
    65 Gloria - thdth; fPjk;
    66 Genuflection - KOe;jhl;gbapLjy;
    67 Gradual - gbf;fPjk;
    68 Humeral Veil - Njhs; Jfpy;
    69 Holy week  - Gdpj thuk;
    70 Holy Thursday - nghpa tpahod;
    71 Holy Saturday - nghpa rdpf;fpoik
    72 Homily - kiwAiu
    73 Holy water - jPh;j;jk;
    74 Incense  - rhk;gpuhzp
    75 Lecturn  - thrf Nkil
    76 Lectionary - thrf E}y;
    77 Lent - jtf; fhyk;
    78 Lectors  - thrfh;fs;
    79 Litanies  - kd;whl;L khiy
    80 Lavabo - FU ifiaj; Jilf;Fk; Jz;L
    81 Lord’s Prayer - fh;j;jh; fw;gpj;j kd;whl;L
    82 Lirturgy  - jpUtopghL
    83 Liturgical Cycle - jpUtopghl;Lf; fhyr; Rw;W
    84 Liturgical Calendar  - jpUtopghl;L ehs;fhl;b
    85 Lunette - ew;fUiziaj; jhq;Fk; miwtl;lf; fpz;zk;
    86 Monstrance - fjph;g; ghj;jpuk;
    87 Missal - jpUg;gypg; Gj;jfk;
    88 Mass - jpUg;gyp
    89 Novena - etehs; (xd;gJ ehl;fs; nrgf; nfhz;lhl;lk;)
    90 Offertory Table - fhzpf;if Nkil
    91 Offertory Procesion - fhzpf;if gtdp
    92 Offerings - fhzpf;if
    93 Offertory Prayer - fhzpf;if kd;whl;L
    94 Ordo - jpUtopghl;L ehs;fhl;b
    95 Oil of Catechumentate - Maj;j vz;nza;
    96 Oil of the sick - Nehapy; G+Rjy; vz;nza;
    97 Purificator - jpUf;fpz;zj;ijr; Rj;jpfhpf;Fk; Jz;L
    98 Paten - ew;fUizj; jl;L
    99 Pascal Candle - gh];fhj;jphp
    100 Procession - jpUg;gtdp
    101 Processional Cross - jpUg;gtdpr; rpYit
    102 Prayer of the Faithful - tpRthrpfs; kd;whl;L
    103 Palm Sunday  - FUj;J QhapW
    104 Pentecost - J}a Mtpahh; tUifg; ngUtpoh
    105 Psalms - jpUg;ghf;fs;
    106 Pyx - ew;fUiziaj; jhq;Fk; rpwpa ngl;b
    107 Preface - ed;wpAiu
    108 Responsorial Psalm - gjpYiuj; jpUg;gh
    109 Relic - Gdpjh;fspd; mUspf;fk;
    110 Rubric - jpUtopghl;L xOq;F Kiwfs;
    111 Rite - rlq;F Kiw
    112 Sacraments - mUs; milahsq;fs;
    113 Sacramentals - mUs; Ntz;ly; Fwpfs;
    114 Special Repository - rpwg;G ew;fUizg; gPlk;
    115 Sprinkler - jPh;j;jr; nrk;G
    116 Stole - Njhs; gl;ilj; Jfpy;
    117 Sponsors - Qhdj;jha; / je;ij
    118 Sacrament of Reconciliation - xg;GuT mUl;rhjdk;
    119 Sacred Vessels - jpUg;ghj;jpuq;fs;
    120 Sanctuary - ,iwr; re;epjhdk;
    121 Stipend - FUtpd; guhkhpg;Gf;fhff; nfhLf;fg;gLk;
    122 Solemn Mass - Mlk;guj; jpUg;gyp
    123 Thurible - J}gf;fyrk;
    124 Tabernacle - ew;fUizg; Ngio
    125 Tabernacle Veil - ew;fUizg; Ngioj; Jfpy;
    126 Triduum - %d;W ehs; nrgf; nfhz;lhl;lk;
    127 Unleavened Bread - Gspahj mg;gk;
    128 Vestments - jpUg;gypf;Fhpa Milfs;
    129 Veneration - tzf;fk;
    130 Votive Mass - Neh;r;irj; jpUg;gyp
    131 Vigil - ,uT jpUtpopg;G
    132 Way of the Cross - jpUr;rpYitg;ghij
    133 Worship - Muhjid

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