16 Mk; E}w;whz;L

,NaR rig Nghh;j;Jf;fy; ehl;Lj; njhz;lh;fs; vl;Lg; NgWfs;. fh;j;jh; fw;gpj;j nrgk; Mfpatw;iwj; jkpopy; nkhop ngah;j;jdh; (,it 1554 ,y; yp];gdpy; mr;rplg;gl;ld. me;j E}w;whz;bNyNa ew;nra;jp E}y;fshfpa kj;NjAk; NahthDk; nkhop ngah;f;fg;gl;ljhfj; njhpfpwJ.

17 Mk; E}w;whz;L

1665 Mk; Mz;by; gy;NjA vd;gth; kj;NjA ew;nra;jpia nkhop ngah;j;jhh;. ,J gy Mz;Lfs; ifnaOj;Jg; gpujpahfNt ,Ue;jJ. 1774 ,y;jhd; mr;R VwpaJ. mNj E}w;whz;by; bNk vd;gth; Gjpa Vw;ghl;il nkhop ngah;j;jhh;. ,k;nkhop ngah;g;G mr;rplg;gl;ljhfj; njhpatpy;iy.

18 Mk; E}w;whz;L

rPfd;ghy;F vd;gth; juq;fg;ghbapy; 1714-15 ,y; Gjpa Vw;ghl;ilAk; 1719 ,y; gioa Vw;ghl;Lj; njhlf;f E}y; Kjy; &j;J tiu nkhop ngah;j;jhh;. Vida E}y;fisr; #y;r; vd;gth; nkhop ngah;j;J ntspapl;lhh;. 1741 ,y; fpuhkh; kj;NjA ew;nra;jpia nkhopngah;j;jhh;. 1742 ,y; nth;NrypA]; 4 ew;nra;jpfisAk; ntspapl;lhh;. 1757 ,y; bnky;Nyh vd;gth; Gjpa Vw;ghL KOtijAk; nkhop ngah;j;jhh;. ,e; E}w;whz;bd; 2tJ Kf;fpa tptpypa nkhop ngah;g;G> gg;hPrpA vd;gtuhy; nra;ag;gl;lJ. ,th; tptpypak; KOtijAk; nkhop ngah;j;jhh;. mg;nghOJjhd; Kjy; Kiwahfj; jkpopy; KO tptpypaKk; ntspaplg;gl;lJ.

19 Mk; E}w;whz;L

1833 Mk; Mz;L ,NudpA vd;gth; Gjpa Vw;ghl;il ntspapl;lhh;. ,J gg;hprpAtpd; nkhop ngah;g;gpd; jpUj;jpa gjpg;G. 1858 ,y; ngh;rpNty; KO tptpypaj;ijAk; nkhop ngah;j;J ntspapl;lhh;. Kjy; fj;Njhypf;f Gjpa Vw;ghl;L nkhop ngah;g;G 1957 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;lJ ghhp]; ntspehl;L kiwj; J}Jg; gzpahsh;fs; yj;jPd; Ty;fhj;jhtpypUe;J nkhop ngah;j;Jg; Gjpa Vw;ghl;il ntspapl;ldh;. mLj;j Kf;fpakhd tptpypa nkhop ngah;g;G gth; vd;gtuhy; nra;ag;gl;lJ. mth; nkhop ngah;j;j Gjpa Vw;ghL 1864 ,Yk; gioa Vw;ghL 1868 ,Yk; KO tptpypak; 1871 ,Yk; ntspahapd. 1891 Mk; Mz;by; Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; 2 Mk; fj;Njypf;f nkhop ngah;g;G ntspaplg;gl;lJ. ,NaR rigiar; rhh;e;j jphpq;fhy; vd;gth; ,yj;jPd; Ty;fhj;jhtpypUe;J nkhop ngah;j;J ntspapl;lhh;.

20 Mk; E}w;whz;L

20 Mk; E}w;whz;Lj; njhlf;fj;jpy; (1904) gioa Vw;ghl;bd; Kjy; fj;Njhypf;f nkhop ngah;g;G ntspaplg;gl;lJ. nghj;NjNuh FOtpdh; yj;jPd; Ty;fhj;jhtpypUe;J gioa Vw;ghl;il nkhop ngah;j;J ntspapl;ldh;. 1912Mk; Mz;L vy;ny]; vd;gth; ehd;F ew;nra;jpfisAk; nkhop ngah;j;jhh;. 1922 ,y; Qhdg;gpufhrh; Gjpa Vw;ghl;il nkhop ngah;j;jhh;. yhHrd; vd;gth; 1928 ,y; Gjpa Vw;ghl;ilAk; 1936 ,y; tptpypak; KOtijAk; ntspapl;lhh;. Nkhdfd; vd;gth; 1941 ,y; ehd;F ew;nra;jpfisAk; jpUj;J}jh; gzpiaAk;> 1947 ,y; KO tptpypaj;ijAk; ntspapl;lhh;. 1970 ,y; Kjy; Kiwahf fpNuf;f nkhopapypUe;J nra;ag;gl;l Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; fj;Njhypf;f nkhop ngah;g;G jkpof Mah; Nguitahy; ntspaplg;gl;lJ. gioa Vw;ghl;Lj; jpUj;jpa gjpg;G 1973 ,y; ntspahdJ. 1975 ,y; ,e;jpa tptpypar; rq;fk; u[hPfk; nra;j Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; nkhop ngah;g;ig ntspapl;lJ. midj;Jf;Fk; Kj;jha;g;G itj;jJ Nghd;W ,g;nghOJ (26.11.1995) fj;Njhypf;fj; jpUr;rigAk;> ,e;jpa tptpypar; rq;fKk; ,ize;J nkhop ngah;j;Js;s nghJ tptpypak; ntspaplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

NtW ve;j ,e;jpa nkhopiaAk; tpl jkpopy;jhd; Kjd;Kjypy; tptpypak; nkhop ngah;f;fg;gl;lJ. NtW ve;j nkhopiaAk; tpl mjpfkhd nkhop ngah;g;GfSk; jkpopy;jhd; nra;ag;gl;ld. ,j;Jizr; rpwg;ghd tptpypa kuigf; nfhz;Ls;s jkpo; kf;fs; tptpypak; topahf ,iwtd; fhl;Lk; md;G newpapd;gb tho;e;J ,iwtDf;F kfpikAk; mth; jk; kf;fSf;F mikjpiaAk; ngUff; fUtpfshf ,Ug;ghh;fshf.

nghJ tptpypaj;jpy; vj;jid E}y;fs;?

nghJ tptpypa nkhopngah;g;G nra;ag;gl;l NghJ nkhop ngah;g;ghsh;fs; gy rpf;fy;fisr; re;jpj;jdh;. ,r;rpf;fy;fs; nghJ tptpypa Kaw;rpia tYtpof;fr; nra;tjw;Fg; gjpyhf mjw;F tYT+l;lNt nra;jd. ,g;gzpapy; ntt;NtW rig kuGfspd; jhf;fq;fistpl fpwp];jt cz;ikAk; md;Gk; xw;WikAk; NkNyhq;fp epd;wij nkhop ngah;g;ghsh;fs; czu Kbe;jJ.

gioa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fs; Kg;gj;jp xd;gjh? ehw;gj;jp Mwh?

nghJ tptpypa nkhopngah;g;G nra;ag;gl;l NghJ nkhop ngah;g;ghsh;fs; gy rpf;fy;fisr; re;jpj;j Kjy; rthy;. Gjpa Vw;ghl;ilg; nghWj;jtiuapy; gpur;rid ,y;iy. vy;yhUk; 27 E}y;fis ,iw VTjy; ngw;w E}y;fshf Vw;Wf; nfhz;ldh;. Mdhy; gioa Vw;ghl;ilg; nghWj;jtiuapy; rpf;fy;jhd;. fj;Njhypf;fh; 46 E}y;fisj; jpUE}y;fshf Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;wdh;. nghJthff; fPior; rigf; fpwp];jth;fSk; ,ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;wdh;. Mdhy; rPh;jpUj;jr; rigahh; 39 E}y;fis kl;LNk tptpypa E}y;fshff; fUJfpd;wdh;. ,th;fs; rhyNkhdpd; Qhdk; (Qhdhfkk;)> rPuhf;fpd; Qhdk; (rPuhf; Mfkk;)> gh&f;> Njhgpj;J (njhgpahR)> A+jpj;J> 1> 2 kf;fNgah;> v];jh; (fpNuf;fg; gFjp)> jhdpNay; (,izg;Gfs;)> Mfpa E}y;fis tptpypag; gFjpfshf Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. mg;gbahdhy; jkpo;g; nghJ tptpypaj;jpy; gioa Vw;ghl;Lg; gFjpapy; vj;jid E}y;fs; mlq;Fk; vd;gJ epahakhd Nfs;tpNa.

vz;zpf;ifapy; NtWghL Njhd;wpaJ vt;thW?

vgpNua %y nkhop tptpypaj;jpy; gioa Vw;ghL 39 E}y;fisNa nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,e;j kuigj;jhd; rPh;jpUj;jr; rigahh; gpd;gw;Wfpd;wdh;. vOgjpd;kh; nkhop ngah;g;ghd fpNuf;f tptpypaj;jpy; (nrg;Jth[pe;jh) 46 E}y;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. (rpy nrg;Jth[pe;jh gjpg;Gfspy; 46f;F mjpfkhd E}y;fSk; fhzg;gLfpd;wd) ,k;KiwiaNa fj;Njhypf;fh;fs; gpd;gw;Wfpd;wdh;. MfNt ,it fpwp];jtr; rigfs; jhq;fshf Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;l NtWghLfs; my;y. vgpNua> fpNuf;f %y tptpypaq;fspy; fhzg;gLk; NtWghl;ilNa ntt;NtW rigfs; gpujpgypf;fpd;wd. vgpNua tptpypaj;jpy; ,y;yhj VO E}y;fisAk; fj;Njhypf;fh; tptpypag; gFjpfshfNt fUjp mtw;iw ,izj;jpUKiw E}y;fs; vd miof;fpd;wdh;. rPh;jpUj;jr; rigahh; mtw;iw tptpypag; gFjpfshff; fUjhj fhuzj;jhy; jpUKiwg; GwE}y;fs; vd miof;fpd;wdh; (,it tptpypaj;jpypUe;J js;sg;gl;lit> tptpypaj;ijr; rhuhjit vd;Dk; nghUspy;> js;Sgb Mfkk; vd;W ,tw;iw miog;ghUk; cz;L).

njhlf;ff; fhyj;jpy; gioa Vw;ghl;by; vj;jid E}y;fs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Dk; tiuaiw ,y;yhjpUe;jJ. Gdpjkhd E}y;fis vy;yhk; kf;fs; gbj;Jg; gad; ngw;wdh;. mtw;iwj; jpUE}y;fshff; fUjpdh;. Mdhy; fhyg; Nghf;fpy; gy;NtW E}y;fs; gy;NtW kf;fshy; jpUE}y;fshff; fUjg;gl;ljhy; xU tiuaiw Njitg;gl;lJ. vgpNua tptpypa kuigg; nghWj;jtiu tptpypa E}y;fs; 39 kl;LNk vd;Dk; tiuaiw fpwp];JTf;Fg; gpd; Kjy; E}w;whz;L ,Wjpapy; my;yJ ,uz;lhk; E}w;whz;bd; ,ilg; gFjpapy;jhd; nra;ag;gl;ljhfg; nghJthff; fUjg;gLfpwJ. (rpyh; ,t;tiuaiw fp.K. ,uz;lhk; E}w;whz;bypUe;Nj ,Ug;gjhff; $Wth;). fpNuf;f tptpypa kuigg; nghWj;j tiuapYk; tptpypa E}y;fs; 46 vd;Dk; tiuaiw fhyj;jhy; gpe;jpaNj. fp.K. %d;whk; E}w;whz;bNyNa njhlq;fpa fpNuf;f tptpypa nkhop ngah;g;G epiwTw gy E}w;whz;Lfs; mapd.

njhlf;fj; jpUr;rigapYk; fUj;J NtWghL

njhlf;f fhyj; jpUr;rigapYk; gioa Vw;ghl;by; vj;jid E}y;fs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ gw;wpa njspT ,y;yhjpUe;jJ. A+jh;fs; Gdpj E}y;fshff; fUjpatw;iwNa fpwp];jth;fSk; tptpypa E}y;fshf Vw;wpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. gioa Vw;ghl;Lj; jpUKiw gw;wp Kjd; Kjypy; Ngrpa fpwp];jth; rhh;jp]; nkypj;Njh Mthh;. Mth; v];jh; jtpu Vida 38 E}y;fisAk; tptpypa E}y;fshf Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpwhh;. J}a mj;jdhrpahh; ,d;W rPh;jpUj;jr; rigahh; $WtJ Nghd;W> 39 E}y;fisNa tptpypa E}y;fshff; fUjpdhh;. J}a vNuhzpKR (n[Nuhk;) 39 E}y;fs; kl;LNk jpUE}y;fshf Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;Dk; fUj;ij kpfTk; typAWj;jpdhh;. J}a vUrNyk; rphpy;> erpahd;R fpuNfhhp> vg;gpg;ghdpA> UgPD> nghpa fpuNfhhpahh;> jkrPd; Nahthd; Nghd;w gpw gyUk; ,t;thNw fUjpdH. Mdhy; J}a mf];jpdhh; mf;fhyj;jpy; tof;fpypUe;j fpNuf;f tptpypaj;ijg; gpd;gw;wp 46 E}y;fSk; tptpypa E}y;fshf Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W tw;GWj;jpdhh;. ,g;Ngh> fh;j;Nj[; jpUr;rq;fq;fSk; ,f;fUj;ij Mjhpj;jd. gbg;gbahff; fpNuf;f tptpypa mbg;gilapy; te;j 46 E}y;fSk; gioa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fshfj; jpUr;rigapy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;ld.

khh;l;bd; Y}j;jUk; tptpypaj; jpUKiwAk;

Mapuj;jpw;Fk; mjpfkhd Mz;Lfshfj; jpUr;rig 46 E}y;fisAk; tptpypa E}y;fshff; fUjp gad;gLj;jpaJ. Mdhy; rPh;jpUj;j ,af;fj;jpd; NghJ khh;l;bd; Y}j;jh; (1519) ,jid kPz;Lk; xUKiw Nfs;tpf;Fwpahf;fpdhh;. Kjypy; 2 kf;fNgah; xU tptpypa E}y; my;y vd;whh;. gpd;dh; J}a vNuhzpKrpd; fUj;ijj; jdjhf;fpf; nfhz;L tptpypaj; jpUKiwapy; 39 E}y;fNs mlq;Fk; vd;W thjhbdhh;. Mdhy; kw;w VO E}y;fisAk; thrpj;Jg; gad;ngwyhk; vd;whh;. vdpDk; mit ,iw VTjy; ngw;w tptpypa E}y;fs; my;y vd;W mWjpapl;Lf; $wpdhh;.

Kjypy; rPh;jpUj;jr; rigfs; ,e;j VO E}y;fisAk; gpw;Nrh;f;ifahf tptpypaj;jpy; ntspapl;ld. Mq;fpy nkhopapy; 1825 tiu ,tw;iwAk; ,izj;Nj tptpypaq;fs; ntspaplg;gl;ld. fle;j rpy Mz;Lfshfj;jhd; rPh;jpUj;jf; fpwp];jtr; rigfs; 39 E}y;fis kl;Lk; gioa Vw;ghlhf ntspapl;L tUfpd;wd. Mdhy; tj;jpf;fhd; rq;fj;jpw;Fg; gpwF nghJ tptpypaq;fs; gy nkhopfspy; tuj; njhlq;fpAs;sd. ,it 46 E}y;fisAk; nfhz;Ls;sd. nghJthf 39 E}y;fis Kjy; gFjpahfTk; gpw 7 E}y;fis ,uz;lhk; gFjpahfTk; Gjpa Vw;ghl;L 27 E}y;fis %d;whk; gFjpahfTk; ntspapLfpd;wd.

jkpo;g; nghJ tptpypaj;jpy; vj;jid E}y;fs;?

jkpo;g; nghJ tptpypaj;jpYk; ,t;thWjhd; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Kjypy; KbthfpaJ. vdpDk; jkpo;NgRk; rPh;jpUj;jf; fpwp];jtr; rigahh; gyh; ,e;j ,izj; jpUKiw E}y;fSk; ,ize;j tptpypaj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;sj; jaq;Fth; vd;Dk; fUj;J mbg;gilapy; ,e;jpa tptpypa rq;fj;jpd; Ntz;LNfhSf;fpzq;f> jkpoff; fj;Njhypf;f Mah;fspd; ,iritg; ngw;W tptpypak; %d;W njhFg;Gfshf ntsptu ,Uf;fpwJ. (1) jpUKiw E}y;fs; 39 + ,izj; jpUKiw E}y;fs; 7 + Gjpa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fs; 27 ahTk; mlq;fpa KO tptpypak;> (2) jpUKiw E}y;fs; 39 + Gjpa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fs; 27 Mfpait mlq;fpa tptpypak; (,e;jpa tptpypar; rq;fk; ,g;gjpg;ig ntspapl;Ls;sJ)> (3) 27 E}y;fs; mlq;fpa Gjpa Vw;ghL.

,t;thW gioa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fis ,U njhFg;Gfshf ntspapLtJ fpwp];jt xd;wpg;G czh;NthL KOikaha; xj;Jg; NghFk; xU nray; ,y;iyjhd;. vdpDk; kf;fspd; kd epiyiaAk; eilKiwr; #oiyAk; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L ,k;KbT Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; ,J xU jw;fhypf KbthfNt fUjg;gl Ntz;Lk;. tptpypa E}y;fspd; vz;zpf;ifiag; nghWj;j tiuapy; fUj;njhw;Wik Vw;gl;L ahtUk; xNu nghJ tptpypag; gjpg;igg; gad;gLj;Jk; ehs; tpiutpy; tuNtz;Lk; vd;gNj ekJ mth.

cyfpy; cs;s Gj;jfq;fspy; jiyrpwe;j Gj;jfk; tptpypak;. Vd;?

,iwthf;Ffshf Kd;Diuf;fg;gl;lit Fwpj;j fhyj;jpy; epiwNtWtjpYk; tptpypaj;jpd; ek;gfj;jd;ik ntspg;gLfpd;wJ. tptpypak; xU jdpj; jd;ik tha;e;j E}y;. tptpypak; cyfpd; jiyrpwe;j Gj;jfk;. ,ijg;Nghy; NtW Gj;jfk; cyfpy; ,y;iy. ,J 1600 Mz;L tuyhw;iw cs;slf;fpaJ (fp.K.1500 – fp.gp.100). NkYk; 40 tho;tpd; midj;J jug;gpYkpUe;j NtWgl;l MrphpaHfshy; vOjg;gl;lJ. mjpy; rpyH murHfshfTk; FUf;fshfTk; kw;Wk; ,iwthf;fpdHfshfTk; kw;Wk; rpyH rhjhuz kPdtHfshfTk; tptrhapfshfTk; ,Ue;jpUf;fpd;wdH. NkhNr> gTy; rpyH Nghy caHe;j fy;tpkhd;fshfTk;> kw;Wk; rpyH Kiwahd fy;tpiaNa mwpahjtHfshfTk; ,Uf;fpd;wdH.

3000 KiwfSf;Fk; Nkyhf ,k;kdpjHfs; jhq;fs; vOjpait flTsplkpUe;J Neubahfg; ngwg;gl;lit vd;W NfhUfpd;wdH (NkhNr: tpg 17:14@ 24:4@ 34:27. gTy;: 1nfhhp 14:37. NgJU: 2NgJ 1:16021. Nahth: 1Nahth 4:6). ,e;j jfty;fs; Kw;wpYk; rhj;jpakw;wjhfj; Njhd;wpdhYk;> gjpTfs; jq;fisNa epahag;gLj;jpf;nfhs;fpd;wd.

gioa Vw;ghL flTspd; thHj;ij vd;W ,NaR $wpapUf;fpwhH (kj; 5:17-18@ 24:15@ Y}f; 24:44@ Nahth 10:35). mtH NkhNr> murH jhtPJ> ,iwthf;fpdHfs; vrhah kw;Wk; jhdpNay; MfpNahhpd; Mrphpaj;Jtj;ij cWjp nra;fpwhH. flTs; Mjhk; Vthisg; gilj;jJ> NehthTk; nts;sg; ngUf;Fk;> NrhNjhk; nfhNkhuh efuq;fs; mopf;fg;gl;lJ> Nahdh jpkpq;fyj;jhy; tpOq;fg;gl;lJ Nghd;w tuyhw;W epfo;Tfis cWjp nra;fpwhH. mtH rhj;jhdhy; Nrhjpf;fg;gl;lNghJ jd;Dila Qhdj;jpypUe;J nrhe;j thHj;ijfshy; mtH mtw;iw vjpHnfhs;s tpy;iy khwhf “,t;thW vOjg;gl;Ls;sJ” vd;W nrhy;yp mijj; njhlHe;J vgpNua tptpypa thHj;ijfSld;jhd; mtw;iw Nkw;nfhs;fpwhH (kj; 4:4>7>10).

Y}f; 4:25-27 y; vgpNua tptpypaj;jpy; gjpag;gl;Ls;s nja;tPf mw;Gjq;fis cWjp nra;fpwhH (TANAK)> gioa Vw;ghl;il nghWj;j mstpy; mtH nrhy;tJ> “tpz;Zk; kz;Zk; xope;J NghFKd; jpUr;rl;lk; ahTk; epiwNtWk;. mjd; xU rpw;nwOj;Njh xU Gs;spNah xopahJ vd cWjpahf cq;fSf;Fr; nrhy;YfpNwd; (kj; 5:18). NtW thHj;ijfspy; nrhy;tjhdhy;> ,NaR vgpNua tptpypaj;jpd; ,iw Cf;fj;ijAk;> gpioapd;ikiaAk;> Jy;ypaj;jd;ikiaAk; cWjpg;gLj;JfpwhH.

tptpypaj;jpy; vJTk; njhd;kk; my;y (Myth)

cyfpd; jiyrpwe;j Gj;jfkhd tptpypaj;jpy; njhd;kk; vJTk; fpilahJ. ,iwapayhHfs; thHj;ij gzpiag; Nghjpf;Fk; NghJ njhlf;f E}ypd; Kjy; VO mjpfhuq;fSk;> NahG E}Yk;> nrq;fliyf; flj;jYk; ‘njhd;kk;’ vd;fpd;wdH. NahG E}y;jhd; Kjd; Kjypy; vOjg;gl;l Gj;jfk;. ,jid NahG mNugpa nkhopapy; vOjpdhH> gpd;G mJ vgpNua nkhopf;F NkhNrthy; nkhopngaHf;fg;gl;lJ.

,];uNaypd; tuyhW NjhWk; tptpypaj;jpd; gioa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fs; tiwaWf;fg;gl;L %d;W gFjpfshfg; gphpf;fg;gLfpd;wd: Ie;E}y; (Kjy; 5 Gj;jfq;fs;)> ,iwthf;fpdHfs;> Qhd E}y;fs;. ,NaR ,e;j %d;W gphpitAk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tNjhL mjpy; mlq;fpAs;sit ,iwtdpd; thHj;ij vdTk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpwhH (Y}f; 24:44)@ NkYk; tptpypaj;jpd; mjpfhuk;> ek;gfj; jd;ik> xw;Wik> njspT> epiwT> tuyhW> gpioapd;ik> tOthj;jd;ik> kw;Wk; mopf;fKbahj; jd;ik Mfpatw;iwf; fw;gpj;jhH.

A+j msT (TANAK) ek;Kila gioa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fs; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;s xOq;FKiwg;gb mikf;fg;gltpy;iy. mit 3 gFjpfshfg; gphpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd: Njhuh> mjhtJ Kjy; Ie;J Gj;jfq;fs;> gpwF ,iwthf;fpdHfs; (negpk;)> 19 E}y;fs;> kw;Wk; 11 Qhd E}y;fs; (nfJgpk;). nkhj;jk; 35 Gj;jfq;fs;. mit njhlf;f E}ypy; njhlq;fp 2Fwpg;Ngl;by; Kbtilfpd;wd. ,e;j mikg;G rkaj; jiytHfis ,NaR fz;ldk; nra;tij tpsf;FfpwJ (kj; 23:34-35).

tptpypaj;jpy; ,iwthf;Ffs;

tptpypaj;jpd; cz;ikj;jd;ikiaAk; Jy;ypaj; jd;ikiaAk; mwpa xU cWjpahd topKiw vgpNua tptpypaj;jpd; ,iwthf;Ffis Ma;tJ MFk;. ,iwthf;fpdHfshy; Kd;nkhopag;gl;l epfo;Tfs; kpfg;gy cs;sd> me;j epfo;Tfspd; Fwpg;Gj; jd;ikiag; nghWj;J mit ,iwtdhy; kl;LNk mwpag;glTk; ntspg;gLj;jg;glTk; KbAk;.

,e;j cyfpd; jiyrpwe;j Gj;jfj;jpy; vOjg;gl;Ls;s ,iwthf;Ffs; midj;Jk; kpfr; rhpahdit kw;Wk; kpff; Fwpg;ghdit. mit epiwNtwpa NghJ me;epfo;Tfspy; VNjh jdpj;jd;ikAk; rpwg;Gk; ,Ug;gJ njhpate;jJ. tptpypaj;jpd; fhy; gFjpf;Fk; Nkw;gl;lit mit vOjg;gl;l fhyj;ijg; nghWj;J Kd;dwptpg;Gfs;jhd;. tptpypak; xU Kd;dwptpg;gpd; E}y;. 1000 jPHf;f jhprdq;fs; tptpypaj;jpy; cs;sd. mtw;wpy; 500 ,iwthf;Ffs; mtw;wpd; tpdhb msT Kjw;nfhz;L rhpahf epiwNtwpapUf;fpd;wd. ,e;j 500 jPHf;f jhprdq;fSk; 100 rjtpfpjk; rhpahf epiwNtwpaijf; nfhz;L kPjKs;s 500 ,iwthf;FfSk; rhpahff; Fwpf;fg;gl;l Neuj;jpy; epiwNtWk; vd cWjpaha; ek;gyhk;.

Kd;dwptpj;jy;jhd; (jPHf;f jhprdk;) tptpypaj;jpd; jdpj;jd;ikf;Fk; ,iw Cf;fj;jpw;Fk; ek;gj;jFe;j Mjhuk;. epiwNtwpa ,iwthf;FfSk;> tptpypa cs;slf;fk; kdpjdhy; cUthf;fg;gl;lit my;y> mtw;wpw;F kdpj rf;jpf;F fhy vy;iyf;F mg;ghw;gl;l njhlf;fk; cz;L vd;gij ep&gpf;fpd;wd.

cjhuzkhf> 25 A+j vOj;jhsHfs; vgpNua tptpypaj;jpy; nkrpahtpd; gzp Fwpj;J tpsf;fp> ,iwthf;Ffis toq;fpAs;sdH. nkrpah vd;fpw jdp egH kl;LNk mtUila %jhijaH> gpwg;G> jd;ik> Nghjid> gzp> Vw;G> ,wg;G> mlf;fk;> kw;Wk; capHg;G Mfpait mtUila gpwg;Gf;F 500 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;djhfNt Kd;dwptpf;fg;gl;ltH. ,NaR fpwp];J ,e;j ,iwthf;FfspYk; tHzidfspYk; rhpahfg; nghUe;JfpwhH. mtUila gpwg;gplk; Kjw;nfhz;L (kPf; 5:2@ kj; 2:1)> ,wf;Fk; tpjk; (vrh 53:8@ Y}f; 23:46)> kw;Wk; capHg;G (jpgh 16:10@ jpg 2:29-32) Kba midj;Jk; rhpahdjhf mikfpwJ.

vUrNykpd; mopT (,r 28:15-68) Fwpj;Jk; mjid GJg;gpj;jy; (vNr 36:25-37:28) Fwpj;Jk; gy;NtW ,iwthf;Ffs; cs;sd. rpy epiwNtwptpl;ld> gpw ,iwthf;Ffs; epiwNtWk;.

ehk; ,g;NghJ itj;jpUf;Fk; tptpypak; ,iwthHj;ij vd;W ekf;F vg;gb njhpAk;?

Kjyhtjhf> A+j vOj;jhsHfs; vgpNua tptpypaj;ij efnyLj;jNghJ kpff; ftdKld; xt;nthU vOj;ijAk; cd;dpg;ghf ftdpj;J mg;gzpiar; nra;jdH. VNjDk; xU jtW Vw;gl;lhy; me;j gFjp jpUj;jg;gltpy;iy khwhf mfw;wg;gl;lJ. ,];uNay; ehL NkhNrapd; rl;lk; mlq;fpa ifnaOj;Jg;gbfis Nrfhpj;J E}w;whz;Lfshfg; ghJfhj;J te;Js;sJ (,r 31:26@ 1rhK 10:25@ 2mu 23:24@ nenf 9:14> 26-30@ jhdp 9:2>6>13).

,uz;lhtjhf> rhf;fly; RUNsLfs; ,e;j mrhjhuz ghJfhg;Gf;F rhd;W gfHfpd;wd. cjhuzkhf> KO Gj;jfkhff; fz;nlLf;fg;gl;l fp.K. 125 kw;Wk; 100 y; efnyLf;fg;gl;l vrhah E}ypd; RUNsL ek; tptpypaj;jpy; ,g;NghJs;s mNj ciuiaf; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

,Nj nra;jpfs; ,NaR ,we;J capHj;jgpd; vOjg;gl;l Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; ,iw VTjy; kw;Wk; gpioapd;ik Fwpj;Jk; ek;khy; $w KbAk;. J}a MtpahdtH ,e;j Gjpa Vw;ghl;il vOj jpUj;J}jHfis topelj;JthH vd;W ,NaR $wpapUf;fpwhH (Nahth 14:25-26). jpUj;J}jHfs; vOjpaij ntspg;gLj;jp Gjpa Vw;ghl;L cs;slf;fj;ijAk; gpioaw;w jd;ikiaAk; MtpahNu toq;FfpwhH.

Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; xt;nthU Gj;jfKk; vt;thW tptpypa msitapy; nghUe;Jk;gb tiuaWf;fg;gl;ld. cz;ikapd; xspapy; Vwf;Fiwa 5000 fpNuf;f vOj;Jg;gbfSk;> 9000 gjpg;GfSk; nkhopngaHg;GfSk; cs;sd. Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; ek;gfj;jd;ikapd; rhd;W Nfs;tpfSf;F mg;ghw;gl;lJ. ,t;thW ve;j Gj;jfj;ijAk; tpl mjpfkhd ifnaOj;Jg;gbfspy; kl;Lky;y ,e;j Gjpa Vw;ghl;L E}y; cyfpd; ve;j xU E}iy tplTk; mJ Ntjhfkkhf ,Ue;jhYk; rhp ,y;iynad;whYk; rhp kpfr; rpwe;j Kiwapy; J}ajhfTk; 99 rjtpfpjk; J}ajhfTk; ghJfhf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

E}w;whz;Lfshf> gioa kw;Wk; Gjpa Vw;ghl;L E}y;fs; gy Gfo;kpf;f mwpQHfshy; kpfg;gue;j mstpy; Ez;zpa gFg;gha;Tf;F cl;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,tHfs; tptpypa tuyhW> ,yf;fpak;> ,yf;fzk; kw;Wk; njhy;ypay; Jiw Mfpatw;wpy; gpuj;jpNafkhd ghz;bj;Jtk; ngw;wtHfs;. ,Ue;jhYk; rpy ciu jpwdha;thsHfs; mtHfs; ghHitapy; tptpypaj;jpy; rpf;fy;fshfTk; jtWfshfTk; kw;Wk; Kuz;ghLfshfTk; fUJgtw;iw E}w;whz;L fhy ftdkhd Ma;T jpl;ltl;lkhf jtW vd;W ep&gpf;ftpy;iy. efy;fspy; ntt;NtW thrfq;fs; cs;sd> mit kpfr; rpwpadTk;> vOj;jikg;G kw;Wk; thf;fpa mikg;G Fwpj;J NtWghLfNs md;wp Ntwpy;iy. mit ve;j tpjj;jpYk; tptpypaj;jpd; kpfg;nghpa Nfhl;ghLfis ghjpf;ftpy;iy.

jtwhd fw;gpjq;fNshL cld;itj;jpUj;jy;

tuyhW NjhWk; flTs; jtwhd NghjfHfisf; (Nghyp NghjfHfs;) Fwpj;J vr;rhpj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jpUf;fpwhH. Njhuh Nghyp ,iwthf;fpdHfs; Fwpj;J vr;rhpf;fpwJ (,r 18:20-22). Ml;Lj; Njhy; NghHj;jpa Xeha;fisf; Fwpj;J ew;nra;jp E}y; vr;rhpf;fpwJ (kj; 7:15)> jtwhd NghjfHfs; Fwpj;J kly;fs; vr;rhpf;fpd;wd (2NgJ 2:1-3). jtwhd Nghjidfs; clypy; Fog;gj;ij Vw;gLj;jp ew;nra;jpapd; cz;ikapypUe;J kf;fisg; gpwor; nra;fpwJ. njhlHe;J tptpypaj;ij thrpf;Fk; fj;Njhypf;fHfSf;F ,e;j fzpg;Gfs; ngha; vd;gJ njhpAk;. Vd;? Vndd;why; ,NaR $WfpwhH> “me;j ehisAk; NtisiaAk; gw;wpj; je;ij xUtUf;Fj; jtpu NtW vtUf;Fk; njhpahJ. tpz;zfj; J}jUf;Nfh kfDf;Nfh $lj; njhpahJ.” (kj; 24:36).

Vd; ehk; tptpypaj;ij cyfpd; jiyrpwe;j Gj;jfk; vd;fpNwhk;? 40 MrphpaHfs; RkhH 1600 Mz;Lfhyk; vOjpa ,e;j Gj;jfj;jpy; ve;j Kuz;ghLk; jtWk; ,y;iy vd;gJ goq;fhy kw;Wk; etPd ,yf;fpak; ,uz;bYNk jdpj;jd;ik tha;e;j xd;W.

tptpypak; thrpg;gJ vd;d ed;ik nra;fpwJ vd;gij jaT nra;J thrpAq;fs;.

NlhNt nua;k;]; tptpypak; ,iw cz;ikapd; ntspg;gLj;jg;gl;l kiwAz;ikfs; Fwpj;J njspthf tpsf;Ffpd;wJ@ gy jpUj;je;ijaHfs; ,e;j tptpypak;jhd; gy re;Njfq;fSf;F gjpy;fis mbf;Fwpg;gpy; jUk; rpwe;j tptpypak; vd ghpe;Jiuf;fpd;wdH. ,e;j tptpypak;jhd; gy etPd nkhopngaHg;G tptpypaq;fistpl kpfj; Jy;ypakhdJ. ,e;j NlhNt nua;k;]; tptpypak; cy;fhj;jh (vulgate) vd;fpw yj;jPd; nkhopngaHg;gpypUe;J nkhopngaHf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;j cy;fhj;jh mjd; mbg;gilahf gioikahd ciufisf; nfhz;L Gdpj vNuhzpK]hy; nkhopngaHf;fg;gl;lJ.

- nkHtpd; [hd; NyhNgh

tptpypak; thrpg;gJ vd;d ed;ik nra;fpwJ?

xU fij cs;sJ. fPio Njrj;J kiy ehl;by; xU nghpatH tptrhak; nra;J tho;e;J te;jhH. mtUf;F xU Ngud; ,Ue;jhH. xt;nthU ehSk; mjpfhiyapy; vOe;J Nkirapd; kPJ mkHe;J nfhz;L jd; gioa fpope;JNghd tptpypaj;jpypUe;J thrpf;Fk; jhj;jhitf; fz;l NguDk; mtiug; gpd;gw;w vz;zpdhd;.

xU ehs; me;j Ngud;> “jhj;jh> ehd; cq;fisg; NghyNt tptpypak; thrpf;f tpUk;GfpNwd;. Mdhy; vdf;F gbg;gJ GhptNj ,y;iy. mg;gbNa Ghpe;jhYk; me;j Gj;jfj;ij %baTld; mij ehd; kwe;J NghfpNwd;. mg;gbapUf;f tptpypak; thrpg;gJ vdf;F vd;d ed;ik gaf;fpwJ?” vd;whd;. jhj;jh mUfpy; ,Ue;j $ilapypUe;J fhpia vLj;J mLg;gpy; Nghl;Ltpl;L> me;j $il epiwa mUfpy; ,Ue;j Mw;wpypUe;J jz;zPH nfhz;Ltur; nrhd;dhH.

jhj;jh nrhd;dgbNa rpWtDk; nra;jhd;. Mdhy; mtd; tPl;bw;Fs; te;J NrHtjw;Fs; mj;jid jz;zPUk; fPNo tope;Jtpl;bUe;jJ. vdNt mtd; tPL te;J NrUk;NghJ $il fhypahf ,Ue;jJ. jhj;jh rphpj;Jf;nfhz;Nl> “eP ,d;Dk; Ntfkhf tuNtz;Lk;” vd;W nrhy;yp mtid kPz;Lk; Mw;wpw;F mDg;gpdhH.

,e;j Kiw rpWtd; Ntfkhf Xb te;jhd;> mg;gbAk; $il fhypahfj; jhd; ,Ue;jJ. %r;R thq;fpf; nfhz;Nl mtd; jhj;jhtplk;> “$ilapy; jz;zPH nfhz;LtUtJ KbahjJ>” vd;W nrhy;yptpl;L thspiaf; nfhz;Ltu cs;Ns nrd;whd;. jhj;jh mtidj; jLj;J epWj;jp> “vdf;F thsp epiwa ePH Njitapy;iy> $il epiw ePHjhd; Njit. cd;dhy; ,J KbAk;> Mdhy; eP rhpahf Kaw;rpf;ftpy;iy” vd;whH. rpWtd; kPz;Lk; Kaw;rpg;gijf; fhz mtH thryUfpy; nrd;whH.

,J ,ayhjJ vd;W rpWtDf;Fg; Ghpe;jJ. MdhYk; mtd; jd; jhj;jhTf;F vt;tsT Ntfkhf XbdhYk; jz;zPH fPNo tope;JtpLk; vd;gijf; fhl;l tpUk;gpdhd;. mtd; jz;zPiuf; $ilapy; nkhz;L nfhz;L Ntfkhf Xbdhd;. Mdhy; mtd; jhj;jhit neUq;Fk; NghJ $il fhypahfNt ,Ue;jJ.

%r;rpiuf;f mtd;> “jhj;jh> ghHj;jPHfsh ,J tPz;” vd;whd;.

me;j tajhdtH> “Mf> eP ,J gadw;wJ vd;fpwha;? $iliag; ghH” vd;whH. me;j rpWtd; $iliag; ghHj;jhd;. mg;NghJjhd;; me;j $il rpwpJ tpj;jpahrkhf ,Ug;gij Kjd;Kiwahf mtd; ftdpj;jhd. mOf;file;jpUe;j me;j $il Rj;jkhf ,Ue;jJ. “tptpypak; thrpf;Fk; NghJk; ,Jjhd; elf;fpwJ. eP vy;yhtw;iwAk; Ghpe;J nfhs;shkNyh my;yJ epidtpy; nfhs;shkNyh ,Uf;fyhk;> Mdhy; eP mij thrpf;Fk; NghJ mJ cd;id cs;spUe;J J}a;ikgLj;JfpwJ.”

,JNt ek;Kila tho;tpy; ,iwtdpd; nray;ghL... ek;ik cs;spUe;J J}a;ikg;gLj;jp nfhQ;rk; nfhQ;rkhf ek;ik jk; kfd; ,NaRtpd; rhaYf;F cUkhw;WtJ. ,t;thWjhd; tptpypak; ek; tho;tpy; ngUk;gq;fhw;WfpwJ.

“flTSila thHj;ij capUs;sJ> Mw;wy; tha;e;jJ@ ,Ugf;fKk; ntl;lf;$ba ve;j thspDk; $HikahdJ@ Md;khitAk; MtpiaAk; gphpf;Fk; msTf;Ff; Fj;jp CLUTfpwJ@ vYk;G %l;ilAk; kr;iriaAk; mt;thNw CLUTfpwJ@ cs;sj;jpd; rpe;jidfisAk; Nehf;fq;fisAk; rPHJ}f;fpg; ghHf;fpwJ. gilg;G vJTk; flTSila ghHitf;F kiwtha; ,y;iy. mtUila fz;fSf;F Kd; midj;Jk; kiwtpd;wp ntspg;gilaha; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ehk; mtUf;Nf fzf;F nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;.”(vgp 4:12-13).

“flTSk; tptpypaKk; ,d;wp cyif topelj;JtJ vd;gJ ,ayhj fhhpak;.” [hH[; th\pq;ld;

“tptpypaj;ij xt;nthU ehSk; thrpf;fhjtHfisf; Fwpj;J ehd; tUj;jg;gLfpNwd;. Vd; mtHfs; jq;fSf;F fpilf;Fk; rf;jpapypUe;Jk; kfpo;r;rpapypUe;Jk; jq;fis kiwj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhHfs; vd;gJ vdf;F tpag;ghf cs;sJ.” CHl;Nuh tpy;rd;.

“tptpypaj;ij cd; tpLjiyapd; jhs; eq;$uk; Nghy; gw;wpf; nfhs;. mjd; gbg;gpidfis cd; ,jaj;jpy; vOjpit mtw;iw cd; tho;tpy; eilKiwg;gLj;J.” cypr]; v];. fpuhz;l;

“tptpypaj;NjhL xg;gpl;L Nehf;Fk;NghJ kw;widj;ijAk; Fiwe;j Kf;fpj;Jtk; tha;e;jitNa> vd;Dila vy;yh Fog;gq;fspYk; Jd;gq;fspYk; mJ vdf;F ntspr;rj;ijAk; gyj;ijAk; juhky; ,Ue;jjpy;iy.” uhgHl; ,. yP

“ehk; flTshy; Msg;gltpy;iy vd;why; ehk; rHthjpfhhpfshy; Msg;gLNthk;.” tpy;ypak; ngd;.

“ve;j msTf;F Mo;e;J ,e;j Gj;jfj;ij (tptpypaj;ij) thrpf;fpNwhNkh> ve;j msTf;F neUf;fkhf mjd; gbg;gpidfis filgpbf;fpNwhNkh me;j msTf;F rpwe;j Fbkf;fshf ehk; khw KbAk; NkYk; ek;Kila ehl;bd; tpjpAk; mijg; nghWj;Jjhd; caHthdjhf mikAk;.” tpy;ypak; nkf;fpd;Ny.

“tptpypak; ,d;wp fy;tp gadw;wJ.” lhdpay; ntg;];lH.

“fy;Y}hpg; gbg;igtpl tptpypak; gw;wpa KOikahd Ghpjy; NkyhdJ.” jpNahlH &];nty;l;.

“me;j Gj;jfk;jhd; (tptpypak;) ghiw> mjd;kPJjhd; ek;Kila FbauR fl;lg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.” Md;l;& [hf;]d;.

“kdpjhpd; tho;T tptpypaj;jpd; nfhs;iffisf; mbg;gilahff; nfhz;bUg;gJ kpf mtrpakhdJ. gbj;jtNdh> gbf;fhjtNdh ahUNk tptpypaj;ij mwpahky; ,Uf;f KbahJ.” jpNahNlhH &];nty;l;.

“vd;Dila vz;zj;jpYk; ghzpapYk; GfOk;gbahf VjhtJ ,Ue;jhy; mjw;Ff; fhuzk; vd; ngw;NwhHjhd;. Vndd;why; mtHfs;jhd; rpWtajpNyNa tptpaj;jpd; kPJ MHtj;ij vd; kdjpy; gjpaitj;jdH. ehk; tptpypak; fw;gpf;Fk; gbg;gpidfisg; gpd;gw;wpdhy;> ek; ehL nropg;gpd; Nky; nropg;gilAk;. Mdhy; ehKk; ek; re;jjpAk; mjd; gbg;gpidfisAk; mjpfhuj;ijAk; Gwf;fzpj;jhy;> vj;jifa xU NguopT ek;kPJ te;J ek; ngUikfisnay;yhk; Gijj;J xU njsptw;w epiyf;F ehk; js;sg;gLNthk; vd;gij ahuhYk; fzpj;Jf; $w KbahJ.” lhdpay; ntg;];lH.

“tptpypak; ,iw VTjy; ngw;w kdpjHfshy; vOjg;gl;l ,iwthHj;ij vd;fpw mbg;gilahd ek;gpf;if vd;dplk; cz;L. ehd; xt;nthU ehSk; tptpypak; thrpf;fpNwd;.” rH Irf; epA+l;ld;.

“mbg;gilahd Fbahl;rpia ahH jkJ jw;fhypfkhd ghJfhg;Gf;fhf tpl;Lf; nfhLf;fpwhHfNsh mtHfs; FbauRf;Fk; ghJfhg;Gf;Fk; jFjpaw;wtHfs;.” ngd; gpuhq;f;spd;.

“ek;Kila murpayikg;Gr; rl;lk; xOf;f kw;Wk;; rkak; rhHe;j kf;fSf;fhf vOjg;gl;lJ. tptpypaj;jpw;F vd;Dila tzf;fk; kpfg;nghpaJ. vd;Dila gps;isfs; vt;tsT ,sikapypUe;J tptpypaj;ij thrpf;fpwhHfNsh me;j msTf;F mtHfs; ehl;bd; rpwe;j Fbkf;fshfTk; rKjhaj;jpd; kjpg;Gf;Fhpa kdpjHfshfTk; tUthHfs; vd ehd; mtHfs; kPj ek;gpf;if itf;fpNwd;.” [hd; Mlk;];.

“tptpypak; thrpf;Fk; xU kdpjiu kdjstpNyh my;yJ rKjha mstpNyh mbikahf;FtJ vd;gJ ,ayhj fhhpak;. tptpypaj;jpd; nfhs;iffs; kdpj Rje;jpuj;jpd; m];jpthuk;.” n`hNu]; fpuPyp.

“Iah> vd;id ek;Gq;fs;> ehd; ve;j xU ,utpYk; mJ vt;tsT NrhHthf ,Ue;jhYk; rhp cwq;fg;NghFk; Kd; ,iwthHj;ijia thrpf;fhky; J}q;fkhl;Nld;.” lf;s]; nkf;MHjH.

“ehk; vd;Wk; khwpf;nfhz;NlapUf;ff; $ba mwptpayhfpa kzy; kPJ fl;lf;$lhJ khwhf> ,iwCf;fk; ngw;w ,iwthHj;ijahfpa ghiwapd; kPNj fl;l Ntz;Lk;.” rH mk;GNuh]; gpnsk;kpq;.

“ek;Kila ehfhPf tsHr;rpf;F ehk; ,e;j Gj;jfj;jpw;Fjhd; flikg;gl;bUf;fpNwhk;. mNj rkak; vjpHfhyj;jpw;Fk; ,ijNa ek;gpapUf;fpNwhk;.” cyp]]; v];. fpuhz;l;.

“,q;fpyhe;jpy; ,uz;L Gj;jfq;fs; cs;sd. xd;W tptpypak; kw;wJ N\f;];gpaH. ,q;fpyhe;J N\f;];gpaiu cUthf;fpaJ> tptpypak; ,q;fpyhe;ij cUthf;fpaJ.” tpf;lH `pA+Nfh.

“ve;j tof;FiwQUk; tptpypak; gw;wp mwpahky; ,Uf;f KbahJ.” – UG]; NfhNl.

“tUlj;jpw;F xU Kiw tptpypaj;ij KOikahf thrpg;gJ vd;Dila neLehs; tof;fk;.” [hd; Fapd;rp Mlk;];.

“If;fpa mnkhpf;fit xU NtWgl;l jdpj;Jtkpf;f ehlhf> kf;fshf cUthf;Ftjpy; gy fhuzpfs; jhf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpapUe;jhYk;> epue;jukhd> mbg;gilahd fhuzpahf ehk; tptpypaj;ijj; jtpw NtW vijAk; $w KbahJ.” nuhdhy;l; hPfd;.

“tptpypak; mjd; ntspg;gilahd mHj;jj;jpy; Ghpe;Jnfhs;sg;glTk; Vw;fg;glTk; Ntz;Lk; vd ehd; ek;GfpNwd;. Vndd;why;> cyfidj;jpw;Fk; mwpTWj;jTk; mjd; kdkhw;wj;jpw;fhfTk; vOjg;gl;l xU E}y; jpwdha;thsHfshYk; jj;JttpayhHfSk; kl;Lk; Ghpe;J nfhs;sf; $ba kiwAz;ikfisf; nfhz;ljhf ,Uf;f KbAk; vd;gij ek;Gk;gb vd;id ehNd tw;GWj;j KbahJ.” lhdpay; ntg;];lH.

“,e;j Gj;jfk; gpd;tUk; %thpy; ahuhtJ xUtuhy;jhd; vOjg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;;: ey;y kdpjH> jPa kdpjH> flTs;. ,J ey;y kdpjuhy; vOjg;gl;bUf;f KbahJ. Vndd;why; mtHfs; ,g;Gj;jfk; ,iwntspg;ghl;lhy; ,iwA+f;fk; ngw;W vOjg;gl;lJ vd;fpd;wdH. ey;y kdpjHfs; ngha; nrhy;yp Vkhw;w khl;lhHfs;. ,g;Gj;jfj;ij jPa kdpjH vOjpapUf;f KbahJ. Vndd;why; jq;fisNa fz;bf;fpd;w xd;iw mtHfs; vOjpapUf;f KbahJ. vdNt ehk; gpd;tUk; KbTf;F tUfpNwhk;. ,g;Gj;jfk; nja;tPf ,iwA+f;fj;jpdhy; flTshy; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. [hd; nt];yp.

“kf;fs; tptpypaj;ij xU rypg;gilar; nra;Ak; Gj;jfk; vd;fpd;wdH. Mdhy; N\f;];gpaiuf; Fwpj;J mt;thW nrhy;tjpy;iy. Vndd;why;> N\f;];gpaiug; Nghjpg;gtHfs; mjd;kPJ NguhHtk; kpf;ftHfshf ,Uf;fpd;wdH. khy;fhk; Knfhpl;[;.

“kdpj rhjidfspy; jd;Dila tho;Tg; gzpapd; %yk; gq;fspj;jtHfspy; kpfg;ngUk;ghd;ikahNdhH jq;fs; tho;ifg; gzpia tptpypag; Nghjidfspd; mbg;gilapy; mikj;Jf; nfhz;ltHfs;jhd;.” jpNahNlhH &];nty;l;.

“vy;yh tptpypag; gFjpfSk; ,iwMtpiag; ngw;Ws;sd. mtH jk; Mtpiaia tPzbf;ftpy;iy.” [pk; nkf;fhl;lH.

“,e;j Gj;jfk;jhd; ,q;fpyhe;jpd; ntw;wpapd; ufrpak; vd;W cq;fs; ,sturUf;Fr; nrhy;Yq;fs;.” vyprngj; uhzp.

“,e;ehl;bd; mbg;gilr; rl;lk; NkhNrtplk; kiyapy; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. chpikfs; rhHe;j kNrhjhtpd; mbg;gil tpLjiyg; gaz E}y;> kj;NjA> vrhah> gTy; MfpNahhplkpUe;J ngwg;gl;l NghjidfspypUe;J tUfpwJ. mij ehk; ,e;ehl;fspy; mt;tsthf Kf;fpaj;Jtg;gLj;Jtjpy;iy. ekf;F xOq;fhd mbg;gilahd mwnewp gpd;Gyk; ,y;iynad;why;> murpd; chpikiaj; jtpw NtW vthpd; chpikAk; Kf;fpkpy;iy vd;W nrhy;Yk; vNjr;rhjpfhu Ml;rpapy; jhd; nrd;W KbNthk;.” N`hp v];. l;&kd;.

“tptpypaj;ijg; Nghy gy;NtW fUj;Jf;fisAk;> njhFf;fg;gl;l Qhdj;ijAk; nfhz;l E}y; Ntnwhd;Wk; ,y;iy. mJ rl;lk;> njhopy;> mwnewp> ... vd ve;j Jiwapyhf ,Ue;jhYk; rhp> topfhl;Ljiyj; NjLNthH ,jDs; Njbdhy; ntspr;rk; ngWtH.” n`gHl; `{gH.

“tptpypaj;jpd; xU thp ehd; gbj;j mj;jid Gj;jfq;fisAk; tpl mjpfkhf vdf;F MWjy; mspj;jJ.” ,k;khDNty; fhd;l;.

“,f;fhyj;jpy; vdf;F cyfpd; 95 kpfr; rpwe;j kdpjHfisj; njhpAk;> mtHfspy; 87 NgH tptpypaj;ijg; gpd;gw;WgtHfs;.” fpshl;];Nlhd;.

“flTs; vd;idg; Nghd;w xU ghtpf;fhf khpf;Fk;gb jd; kfid mDg;gpaij mwpe;jNghJ ehd; ntl;fg;gl;Nld;. me;j kfdpd; topahf ehd; flTspd; tpag;Gf;Fhpa mUisg; ngw KbAk; vd mwpe;jNghJ MWjy; mile;Njd;. me;j mUisf; nfhz;l vy;yh vy;iyfisAk; vy;yh jilfisAk; jhz;lKbAk;> ,e;j mUis ahH Ntz;LkhdhYk; ngwyhk;. fpwp];Jtpd; md;G tho;tpd; %yk; ehd; tho;it khw;Wk; ek;gpf;ifapd; Mw;wiy Ghpe;Jnfhz;Nld;... ek;gpf;if tho;it khw;WfpwJ. vdf;Fj; njhpAk;> Vndd;why; ek;;gpf;if vd; tho;itAk; khw;wpaJ. kdpj jpl;lq;fisnay;yhk; fle;j ,iwjpl;lk;; cz;L vd;gij ehd; ek;gtpy;iy vd;why; vd;dhy; xU MSeuhf ,Uf;f KbahJ. murpay; vd;gJ xU epiyaw;w njhopy;. fzpg;Gfs; khWfpd;wd. ,d;iwa ez;gH ehisa vjphp MfpwhH. kf;fs; Vuhskhfg; Gfo;fpd;wdH. gy Neuq;fspy; ,J cz;ikahdJ@ rpy Neuq;fspy; ngha;ahdJ. vdpDk; ehd; vd; tho;f;ifia khwhj mbj;jsj;jpd; kPJ mikj;Js;Nsd;.” [hH[; G\;.

“kiwE}y; midj;Jk; flTspd; J}z;Ljy; ngw;Ws;sJ. mJ fw;gpg;gjw;Fk; fz;bg;gjw;Fk; rPuhf;Ftjw;Fk; NeHikahf thog; gapw;Wtpg;gjw;Fk; gaDs;sJ. ,t;thW flTspd; kdpjH NjHr;rp ngw;W ew;nray; midj;ijAk; nra;aj; jFjp ngWfpwhH.


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