jpUtptpypak; mbg;gilapy; xU tuyhw;W E}y;. Mdhy;> xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhy fl;lj;jpy; tho;e;j kf;fspd; ,iw mDgtq;fSk; tpRthr czh;TfSk; tptpypa tuyhw;Wld; ,ize;J ,ij Nkk;gLj;jptpl;ld. RUq;ff; $wpd;> gioa Vw;ghL ,];uNay; kf;fspd; tho;tpy; Vw;gl;l gy;NtW epfo;r;rpspd; njhFg;G. Gjpa Vw;ghL Kjy; E}w;whz;Lf; fpwpj;jth;fspd; tpRthr ntspg;ghLfs;> rpe;jidfspd; njhFg;G ,t;tpuz;L njhFg;GfspYk; ,iwtd; my;yJ ,iwkfd; ,NaRfpwp];J Kjyplk; ngWfpd;wdh;.

jkpof kf;fs; kwf;f ,ayhj xUth; <.Nt.uh. nghpahh;. ,e;J kjj;ijg; nghWj;j tiuapy; ehj;jpfh; vdf; fUjg;gl;lth;. ,Ug;gpDk; fpwpj;jtkjj;ijg; ghuhl;bath;. mjw;F mth; mspj;j xU Kf;fpa fhuzk;> fpwpj;jt kjj;jpw;F xU tuyhw;Wg; gpd;dzp cz;L vd;gJ jhd;. jpUtptpypaj;jpy; xU tuyhw;W ,io ,Ug;gij nghpahh; Vw;whh;.

1. tpLjiy mDgtk; (1250)

,iwtNdhL ,ize;J tho miof;fg;gl;l ,];uhNay; kf;fspd; tuyhW jhd; jpUtptpypaj;jpd; Kjy; gFjpahk; gioa Vw;ghL. ,NaR fpwp];Jit thhprhff; nfhz;l ,dk; vd;gjw;fhfTk;> jq;fs; ,iwaDgtq;fisAk; ntw;wp Njhy;tpfisAk;> vjph;g;ghh;g;GfisAk; xspT kiwtpd;wp vLj;Jiuj;Js;s ,dk; vd;gjw;fhfTk; ,e;j ,];uhNay; ,dj;ijg; gw;wp ehk; mwpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

,];uhNay; ,dk; ,iwtDld; Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;l khngUk; cwtpd; ,ufrpak; vd;d? md;iwa fhyj;jpy; NtW ,dq;fSk;> flTs;> topghL vd;w kjpg;gPLfs; nfhz;bUg;gpDk;> ,];uhNay; ngw;w jdpg;gl;l mDgtq;fspd; gpd;dzp vd;d?

,];uhNay; kf;fs; njhlf;fj;jpNy ehNlhb ,dkhf tho;e;jth;fs;. md;iwa rKjhaj;jpy; xJf;fg;gl;bUe;jth;fs;. vfpg;J ehl;by; FbNawpath;fs;. mq;Nf cs;ehl;L kf;fshy; mePjp ,iof;fg;gl;lth;fs;@ mbikfs; vd;w r%f epiyia mile;jth;fs;. ,j;jifa jho;e;j epiyapy;jhd; mth;fs; jq;fs; ,dj; nja;tkhd ahNtaplk; mgaf; Fuy; vOg;Gfpd;wdh;. ahNt jd; kf;fisf; fhg;ghw;w Kd; tUfpwhh;. NkhNr Nghd;w jiyth;fs; vOfpd;wdh;. ahNtapd; JizAld; vfpg;J kd;dd; ghuNthdplk; NkhJfpd;whh; NkhNr. ,jd; tpisT jhd; ,];uhNay; ngw;w tpLjiy tho;T. ,e;j tpLjiy mDgtj;ij mth;fs; fhyq;fhykhff; nfhz;lhbdh;. ,ij toptopr; nra;jpahf;fp jq;fs; ahNt flTis Nghw;wpdh;. jq;fs; flTs; jq;fs; rhh;ghfr; nra;j gy;NtW ty;ynray;fs;> jq;fSf;fhf mth; nrq;fliyg; gpse;J> vjphpfis tPo;j;jpa ty;y nray;fs;> Nghd;wtw;iwf; nfhz;L jq;fs; tpRthrj;ij tsh;j;jdh;.

fp.K. 1250 Mz;Lfspy; epfo;e;j ,e;j tpLjiy epfo;r;rpjhd; ,];uhNay; kf;fspd; ,iwaDgtq;fSf;Fk; tpRthrj;jpw;Fk; mbg;gilahf ,Ue;jJ. ,JNt mth;fspd; tprthrg; gpukhzkhf mike;jJ. gioa Vw;ghl;bd; fU ,e;j tpLjiy mDgtk; jhd;. ,];uhNay; kf;fs; jq;fs; tpRthrj;ij ntspg;gLj;jpa ghzp rpwg;G tha;e;jJ.

“eP cd; flTshfpa Mz;lth; Kd;dpiyapy; mwpf;ifapl;Lf; $w Ntz;baJ. epue;juf; Fbaw;w muNkauhd vd; je;ij vfpg;J ehl;Lf;F ,wq;fpr; nrd;whh;. mq;F kf;fs; rpyUld; md;dpauha; ,Ue;jhh;. Mdhy; mq;NfNa nghpa> typikkpF> jpushd kf;fspdj;ijf; nfhz;lth; Mdhh;. vfpg;jpah; vq;fis xLf;fpdh;. Jd;GWj;jpdh;. fbdkhd mbik Ntiyfis vq;fs; kPJ Rkj;jpdh;. mg;NghJ ehq;fs; vq;fs; %jhijahpd; flTshfpa Mz;ltiu Nehf;fpf; Fuy; vOg;gpNdhk;. Mz;lth; vq;fs; Fuiyf; Nfl;lhh;. vq;fSila Jd;gj;ijAk;> tUj;jj;ijAk; mtjpiaAk; fz;lhh;. jk; typa fuj;jhYk;> Xq;fpa Gaj;jhYk;> mQ;rfj;jf;f Nguhw;wyhYk;> milahsq;fshYk;> mUQ;nray;fshYk; Mz;lth; vq;fis vfpg;jpypUe;J Gwg;glr; nra;jhh;. mth; vq;fis ,e;j ,lj;jpw;Ff; $l;b te;jhh;. ghYk;> NjDk; tope;NjhLk; ,e;j ehl;il vq;fSf;Fj; je;jhh;. vdNt Mz;ltNu> ,Njh> ePh; vdf;Ff; nfhLj;j epyj;jpd; Kjw; gyidf; nfhz;L te;Js;Nsd; vd;W nrhy;yp> mij cd; flTshfpa Mz;lth; Kd;dpiyapy; itj;J> mtiug; gzpe;J njhOtha;”. (vrh 26:5-10)

2. tuyhw;Wf;F Ke;jpa fhyk;

,];uhNay; kf;fs; jq;fs; tpLjiy mDgtj;ij ikakhf itj;J jq;fs; tyhw;iwf; fz;Nzhl;lkpl;ldh;. midj;J epfo;TfspYk; jq;fis tpLtpj;j ,iwtdpd; ty;yikiaf; fz;ldh;. jq;fs; tuyhw;wpy; ahNt epiwe;jpUg;gjhf ek;gp tho;e;jdh;. jq;fs; tuyhw;wpy; mlq;fhj epfo;r;rpfisAk; ,iwtdpd; ghh;itahNy mth;fs; fzpf;fj; njhlq;fpdh;.

cyfpd; njhlf;fj;ijg; gw;wp mth;fs; cUthf;fpa ghuk;ghpaq;fSld; jhd; jpUtptpypak; Muk;gpf;fpwJ. ,k; khngUk; cyifAk;> mjpy; fhzg;gLk; thdk;> G+kp> ePh;> gpuhzpfs;> gwitfs; midj;ijAk; jq;fs; flTNs gilj;jhh;. Xd;Wkpy;yhikapypUe;J jd; thh;j;ijapd; ty;yikahy; flTs; midj;ijAk; gilj;jhh; vd;w tpRthrk; ,];uhNay; kf;fis Ml;nfhz;lJ.

flTspd; rhayhfg; gilf;fg;gl;l kdpj ,dk; jtWfs; nra;J njhlh;e;J jzlidfisAk; ngw;wJ vd;Wk; ,];uhNay; kf;fs; ek;gpdhh;fs; (njhE} 1:3-11). kdpj ,dj;jpNy epfOk; mehfhPfr; nray;fs;> gphpTfs;> xOq;fPdq;fs;> ghtq;fs; Nghd;wit tuyhw;Wf;F Ke;jpa fhyj;jpYk; ,Ue;jd vd;Wk;> ,iwtid tpl;Lg; gphpAk; NghJ> Vw;gLk; tpisTfNs ,it vd;Wk; ,];uhNay; kf;fs; ek;gpdh;.

3. je;ijah; fhyk; (fp.K. 2000-1700)

vy;yh kf;fisg; Nghd;W ,];uhNay; kf;fSf;Fk; jq;fs; Fy Kjy;th;fs; Nky; jdpg;gl;l gw;W ,Ue;jJ. jq;fs; je;ijah; fhyj;jpNyNa> ,iwtd; jq;fs; ,dj;NjhL neUf;fkhf ,Ue;jhh; vd;W mth;fs; tpRtrpj;jdh;. MfNt jq;fs; ,dtuyhw;iw vOJk;NghJ> jq;fs; je;ijah; fhyj;jpy; vg;gbnay;yhk; ,iwaDgtq;fs; Vw;gl;ld vd;W mth;fs; vOJfpd;wdh;. jq;fs; KUngUk; je;ij> mgpufhik flTNs mioj;J> jq;fs; ,dj;ijf; flTs; jkjhf;fpf; nfhz;lhh; vd;Wk; mth;fs; cWjpahf ek;gpdhh;fs; (njhE} 12:1-3). Nkrgj;Njhkpah gFjpfspy; ,ilauhfTk;> ehNlhbfshfTk; tho;e;jth;fisj; jhd; flTs; jd; nrhe;j ,dkhf;fp> jhd; Vioahpd; flTs; vd;gijf; fhl;bAs;shh;.

“Mz;lth; mgpuhik Nehf;fp> “cd; ehl;bypUe;Jk; cd; ,dj;jthplkpUe;Jk; cd; je;ij tPl;bypUe;Jk; Gwg;gl;L ehd; cdf;Ff; fhz;gpf;Fk; ehl;bw;Fr; nry;. cd;id ehd; nghpa ,dkhf;FNtd;. cdf;F Mrp toq;FNtd;. cd; ngaiu ehd; rpwg;Gwr; nra;Ntd;. ePNa Mrpahf tpsq;Ftha;. cdf;F Mrp $WNthh;f;F ehd; Mrp toq;FNtd;. cd;idr; rgpg;Nghiu ehDk; rgpg;Ngd;. cd; topahf kz;Zyfpd; kf;fspdq;fs; midj;Jk; Mrp ngWk;” vd;whh;. (njhE} 12:1-3)

jq;fs; ,dj;ijf; flTs; mioj;jJ xU jdpg;gl;l Nehf;fj;jpw;fhfNt vd;gij ,];uhNay; kf;fs; mwpe;jpUe;jdh;. mjhtJ mth;fs; topahf cyf kf;fs; flTspd; Mrpfisg; ngw Ntz;Lk;.

Mgpufhkpd; tpRthrk;> ngUe;jd;ik> jpahfkdk; kpfr; rpwg;ghf tpsf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mtiuj; njhlh;e;J ahf;NfhG Nghd;wth;fs; topahf ,];uhNay; ,dk; gYFfpwJ. ahf;Nfhgpd; 12 gps;isfs; ,];uhNay; ,dj;jpd; gd;dpU Fyq;fspd; jiyth;fshfpd;wdh;. mth;fSs; xUth; NahNrg;G. gy;NtW FLk;gk; Nghuhl;lq;fSf;fpilNa NahNrg;G xU rpwg;G epiy milfpwhh;. vfpg;J ehl;bd; MSeuhfpwhh;. ,f;fhyfl;lj;jpy; jhd; ,];uhNay; ,dk; gQ;rj;jpd; fhuzkhf vfpg;J ehl;by; FbNawpaJ (fp.K. 1700-1250)

4. cld;gbf;if

,];uhNay; kf;fs; vfpg;J ehl;by; mbikfshf ,Ue;j gpwF ngw;w tpLjiy tho;T jhd; mth;fsJ tpRthr mDgtj;jpd; mbj;jsk; vd;W Vw;nfdNt Fwpg;gpl;bUe;Njhk;.

flTspd; typa fuj;jhy; tpLjiy ngw;w kf;fs; gy;NtW ,dq;fs; kj;jpapNy ,iw Miz ngw;w ,dkhfTk; khwpdhh;fs;. ,J vt;thW epfo;e;jJ?

me;jf; fhy fl;lj;jpNy murh;fs; jq;fSf;fpilNa> el;G> cwT> ghJfhg;G Mfpatw;iw Kd;dpl;L xg;ge;jq;fs; nra;J nfhz;lhh;fs;. xU ghku ,dkhf tpsq;fpa ,];uhNay;> jq;fs; ahNt flTNs Kd; te;J jq;fSld; cld;gbf;if nra;J nfhz;lhh; vd;w epfo;r;rpia jpUtptpypaj;jpy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sdh; (tpg 19-24)

“ehNd cd; flTshfpa Mz;lth;@ mbik tPlhfpa vfpg;J ehl;bdpd;W ntspNawr; nra;jth;…” vd;w thf;fpaj;Jld; ,e;j ahNt-,];uhNay; cld;gbf;if njhlq;FfpwJ. flTs; je;j gj;J fl;lisfs; ,e;j cld;gbf;ifapd; tpjpfshfpd;wd. ,dp ,];uhNay; kf;fs; KOf;f KOf;f flTspd; kf;fs;. flTs; mth;fspd; je;ij vd;w cWjpia ,e;j cld;gbf;if Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.

5. jiyth;fs;> murh;fs;> ,iwthf;fpdh;fs;.

,];uhNay; kf;fisj; jd; rhh;ghf top elj;j flTs; gy;NtW jiyth;fsij; Njhw;Wtpj;jhh;. mth;fSs; rpwg;ghdth;> tpLjiyg; ngw mUk;ghLgl;l NkhNr (fp.K. 1250). ,tNu ehw;gJ Mz;Lfs; ,];uhNay; kf;fSld; tdhe;jpuj;jpy; gy;NtW Nrhjidfisr; re;jpj;jth;. ,tiuj; njhlh;e;J NahRth (fp.K. 1200) kf;fisf; fhdhd; ehl;by; Nrh;j;jhh;. mjd; gpwF fpijNahd;> mgpnkyf;> rk;Nrhd; Nghd;w ePjpj; jiyth;fs; (fp.K. 1150-1000) gy;NtW tPu jPur; nray;fs; Ghpe;J kf;fis top elj;jpdh;.

ePjpj; jiytuhfTk; ,iwthf;fpduhfTk; tpsq;fpa rhKNtypd; fhyj;jpNy> kf;fs; tpUg;gg;gb> ,];uhNay; xU Kbahl;rpahf khwpaJ. Kbahl;rpahy; Vw;glf;$ba gy;NtW jPa tpisTfisf; flTs; vLj;Jr; nrhy;ypAk; kf;fspd; tpUg;gk; Xh; muridg; ngWtjpy; jhd; ,Ue;jJ. Kjy; murd; rTy; (fp.K. 1020 – 1000) flTSf;Fk; kf;fSf;Fk; gpukhzpf;fkpd;wp Ml;rp nra;jhh;@ jhtPJ jd; gytPdq;fSf;fpilapYk; rpwe;j kd;duhf tpsq;fpdhh; (fp.K. 1000 – 962). rhyNkhd; Myaj;ijf; fl;bdhh;. Mdhy; ,Wjpapy; jtwptpl;lhh; (fp.K. 962-922).

rhyNkd; Ml;rpf;Fg; gpwF ,];uhNay; ehL A+jh vd;Wk; ,];uhNay; vd;Wk; ,U ehLfshfg; gpsTgl;lJ. cld;gbf;if kPwy;> Gw nja;tq;fs; topghL> Vio-nry;te;jd; NtWghLfs;> Nghd;w mf;fpukq;fs; ehSf;F ehs; mjpfhpj;jd.

Kbahl;rpapd; jPa tpisTfis mwpe;J jhd; flTs; ,];uhNay; kf;fspd; tho;f;ifia newpg;gLj;j ,iwthf;fpdh;fisAk; je;jhh;. ,th;fs; flTspd; thh;j;ijahfr; nray;gl;L> mth; rhh;ghf kf;fspilNa ,Ue;j jtWfisr; Rl;bf; fhl;bdh;. mePjpf;F vjpuhff; Fuy; vOg;gpdh;. flTspd; Gdpjj; jd;ikiaAk; mjpfhuj;ijAk; epiyehl;bdh;. Vio vspath; rhh;ghf thjhbdh;. ,d;Dk; Fwpg;ghf cld;gbf;ifapd; tpjpfisg; ghJfhj;jdh;. ,th;fSs; rpwg;ghff; fUjg;gl Ntz;bath;fs; vypah> vyprh> ehj;jhd; (vOjhj ,iwthf;fpdh;)> vrhah> vNukpah> vNrf;fpNay;> jhdpNay;> MNkh];> xNrah (vOjpa ,iwthf;fpdh;).

6. tPl;rp – mbik tho;T

Kbahl;rp fhyj;jpy;> ,iwthf;fpdhpd; rpwg;ghd gzpfSf;fpilapYk; kd;dUk; kf;fSk; njhlh;e;J jtwpf; nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jdh;. ,jd; tpisT khngUk; jz;lid.

fp.K. 722y; tlf;F muR ,];uhNay; tPo;e;jJ. kf;fs; mrPhpahTf;F mbikfshfr; nrd;wdh;. fp.K. 587y; njw;F mur A+jh tPo;e;jJ. kf;fs; ghgpNyhd; ehl;bw;F mbikfshf ,Oj;Jr; nry;yg;gl;ldh;. mq;Nf mth;fs; gy;NtW Jd;g Jauq;fis mDgtpj;jdh;. ,e;jj; Jd;gf; fhyfl;lj;jpy; ,iwthf;fpdh;fs; kf;fSf;F ek;gpf;if je;J nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jdh;. Fwpg;ghf vjph;fhyj;jpy; nkrpah tUthh; vd;w ek;gpf;ifia tsh;j;jdh;.

fp.K. 538y; mbikg;gl;l ,];uhNay; kf;fs; ghurPf kd;dhpd; JizNahL tpLjiyg; ngw;W ehL jpUk;gpdh;. xU Gjpa tho;f;if tho Kaw;rpfs; ele;jd. Myak; GJg;gpf;fg;gl;lJ. kPz;Lk; jq;fs; topghLfis elj;j Kaw;rpfs; ele;jd.

ghurPfh;fs; A+j kf;fis fp.K. 538 Kjy; 332 tiu Ml;rp nra;jdh;. mjd; gpwF fpNuf;fh;fs; ehL gpbj;J A+j kf;fis Mz;ldh; (fp.K. 333 – 165). ,e;jf; fhyj;jpNy jq;fs; topghl;Lf;Fk; fyhr;rhuj;jpw;Fk; vjpuhf fpNuf;fh;fs; gy;NtW gof;f tof;fq;fisg; GFj;jpdh;. vjph;g;G cUthapw;W. Gul;rp ntbj;jJ. flTspd; ngauhy; A+jh;fs; xd;W jpuz;ldh;. kf;fNgaupd; Gul;rp ntd;wJ (fp.K. 166-63). Mdhy; tpiutpy; cNuhik muR jd; Mjpf;fj;ij A+jh;fs; Nky; nrYj;jpaJ. cNuhikg; NguuR cWjpahfj; jd; Ml;rpia epiy ehl;baJ. ,NaRtpd; gpwg;G Gjpa rfhg;jk; gilf;fpwJ.

fpwpj;jt Afj;jpd; Kjy; E}w;whz;bNy> ,NaR fpwp];Jit Vw;wth;fs; ngUk;ghYk; A+jh;fNs. gpwF gbg;gbahf gpw ,dj;jtUk; mtiu Vw;wdh;. fpwpj;jtk; gutpaJ.

Kjy; E}w;whz;Lf; fpwpj;jth;fs; gyh; ,NaR fpwp];Jitf; fz;zhy; fz;lth;fs;@ fhjhy; Nfl;lth;fs;@ mtUila mUl;nfhilfisg; ngw;wth;fs;. jhq;fs; fz;lijAk; Nfl;lijAk; ,NaRtpd; rPlh; kl;Lky;y. Vida fpwpj;jth;fSk; Nghjpj;jdh;. topghLfs; cUntLj;jd. ,NaRtpd; Nghjidfs; njhFf;fg;gl;ld. toptopr; nra;jpfshf ,Ue;j gy;NtW epfo;r;rpfs; vOj;Jg; tbtk; ngwj; njhlq;fpd. ,t;thWjhd; Gjpa Vw;ghL> Kjy; E}w;whz;Lf; fpwp];jth;fspd; tpRthr mDgtj;jpy; cUthfpaJ.

1. ,NaR fpwp];J

A+j kf;fspd; vjph;g;ghh;g;Gfis epiwT nra;Ak; tifapy; ,NaR fpwp];J ,t;Tyfpy; Njhd;wpdH. Mdhy; midj;Jyf kf;fisAk; kPl;fNt ,th; te;jhh; vd;w cz;ik midtUf;Fk; njspthf tpsq;fpw;W. Mjpj;jpUr;rig ,NaR fpwp];J kPJ nfhz;bUe;j tpRthrj;ij ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpwhh; Nahthd;.

“jk; xNu kfd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhs;Sk; vtUk; mopahky; epiytho;T ngWk; nghUl;L me;j kfidNa mspf;Fk; msTf;Ff; flTs; cyfpd;Nky; md;G $h;e;jhh;” (Nahth 3:16)

,d;Dk; Gdpjh; gTy; ,NaR fpwp];J vd;w khngUk; epfo;r;rpiaf; ftpijahf;fp jd; tpRthr czh;TfSf;F tbtk; jUfpwhh;.

“flTs; tbtpy; tpsq;fpa mth;>
flTSf;F ,izahapUf;Fk; epiyia
thpe;J gw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;banjhd;whff; fUjtpy;iy.
Mdhy;> jk;ikNa ntWikahf;fp
mbikapd; tbit Vw;W
kdpjUf;F xg;ghdhh;.
kdpj cUtpy; Njhd;wp>
rhit Vw;Fk; msTf;F
mJTk; rpYitr; rhitNa
Vw;Fk; msTf;Ff; fPo;g;gbe;J
jk;ikNa jho;j;jpf; nfhz;lhh;.
vdNt flTSk; mtiu kpfNt cah;j;jp
vg;ngaUf;Fk; Nkyhd ngaiu
mtUf;F mUspdhh;.
MfNt ,g;ngauf;F
tpz;zth;> kd;dth;> fPOyNfhh; midtUk; kz;bapLth;@
je;ijahk; flTspd; khl;rpf;fhf
‘,NaR fpwp];J Mz;ltH’ vd
vy;yh ehTNk mwpf;ifapLk;” (gpyp 2:6-11)

,NaRtpd; tho;tpYk; gzpapYk; mf;fiw nfhz;bUe;j ehy;th; jhq;fs; fz;lijAk;> tpRtrpj;jijAk;> kf;fspilNa gutpapUe;j gy tpRthr mDgtq;fisAk; njhFj;J ew;nra;jp VLfis cUthf;fpdh;. ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; ghLfs;> kuzk;> caph;g;G Mfpa ikar;nra;jpia Kjypy; kf;fs; Kd; Nghjidahfj; je;jdh;. ,NaRtpd; GJikfs;> Nghjidfs;> Vida nray;ghLfs;> mtUila gpwg;G tsh;g;G Nghd;w nra;jpfSk; ew;nra;jpahf cUntLj;jd. gioa Vw;ghLk; JizGhpe;jJ.

,NaR fpwp];JNt tuyhw;W ehafd; vd;w cz;ikia cyfpw;F mwptpf;f> mtiu md;iwa murpay;> r%f tuyhw;Wld; ,izj;jdh;. cNuhik murpw;Fk; cs;ehl;Lj; jiytd; VNuhJTf;Fk; ,NaRtpd; gpwg;Gk; gzpAk; Vw;gLj;jpa jhf;fj;ij ew;nra;jpahsh; Y}f;fh rpwg;ghff; fhl;bAs;shh;. md;iwa r%fg; gpur;ridfSld; Fwpg;ghf Viofs;> Gwtpdj;jhh;> ghtpfs;> rkhhpah;fs;> ngz;fs; Nghd;w jho;epiy kf;fSld; ,NaR nfhz;bUe;j mZF KiwfisAk; ew;nra;jp njspTgLj;jpAs;sJ.

Kg;gj;jp %d;W Mz;Lfs; tho;e;J> %d;W Mz;Lfs; kl;LNk kPl;Gg; gzpahw;wp ,NaR Vw;gLj;jpa jhf;fk;> Mjpj; jpUr;rigapy; njhlq;fp ,d;Dk; ePbj;J tUfpwJ. cyf tuyhw;iwNa fpwp];JTf;F Kd; - fpwp];JTf;Fg; gpd; vd;Wk; tifg;gLj;Jk; mstpw;Fg; ngUik nfhz;l ,NaR ,d;Wk; mfpy cyf muq;fpNy tyk; te;J nfhz;bUf;fpwhh;.

2. jpUr;rig

,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; gzp tho;tpy;> jd; thhpRfshf mth; gd;dpUtiu cUthf;fpaJ xU rpwg;ghd efpo;r;rp> ,NaRtpd; ,iwahl;rpg; gzp njhlu Ntz;Lk;. jd; rPlh;fs; topahfTk;> jd;id Vw;Fk; midj;J kf;fs; topahfTk; jd; kjpg;gPLfs;> jd;Dila kPl;Gr; nra;jp cynfq;Fk; gut Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj ,NaRtpd; tpUg;gkhfTk; fl;lisahfTk; ,Ue;jJ.

,NaR ,we;J> caph;j;jgpd;> jdJ MtpAk;> me;j Mtpapd; Mw;wYk; jdJ rPlUf;Fj; Jizahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W mth; tpUk;gpdhh;.

“ePq;fNsh ,d;Dk; rpy ehs;fspy; J}a Mtpahy; jpU KOf;Fg; ngWtPh;fs;… J}a Mtp cq;fsplk; tUk;NghJ ePq;fs; flTsJ ty;yikiag; ngw;W vUrNykpYk; A+Njah> rkhhpah KOtjpYk; cyfpd; fil vy;iy tiuf;Fk; vdf;Fr; rhl;rpfshf ,Ug;gPh;fs;” (jpg. 1:5>8)

,NaRtpd; ew;nra;jpiag; Nghjpf;f rPlh;fs; jq;fisNa KOikahf mh;g;gzpj;jdh;. jq;fs; ,uj;jj;ijAk; rpe;jp ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; rhl;rpfshfg; gzpahw;wpdh;. Kjy; E}w;whz;Lj; jpUr;rigapd; tho;f;ifapNy Fwpg;ghf gd;dpU rPlUld; xUtuhd NgJUTk;> rw;W jhkjkhf rPlj;Jt mUisg; ngw;w gTYk; Mw;wpa gzpfs; njhFj;J toq;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ‘jpUj;J}jh; gzpfs;’ vd;w tuyhw;W E}y; ,NaRtpd; tpz;Nzw;Gf;Fg; gpd; te;j Mz;Lfspy; vt;thW ghy];jPdhtpYk; mUfpypUe;j jPTfspYk; ew;nra;jp gutp cNuhik rhk;uh[;aj;ij mile;jJ vd;gijg; gw;wp njspTgLj;JfpwJ. Fwpg;ghf gTymbahh; jd; ew;nra;jpg; gazq;fs; topahfTk;> jd; mauhj Nghjidfs; topahfTk; gyUf;F ,NaRit mwptpj;jhh;.

jhd; ew;nra;jp mwptpj;j kf;fs; jq;fs; tpRthr tho;tpy; cWjp ngw njhlh;e;J me;j kf;fSld; Gdpjh; gTy; njhlh;G nfhz;lhh;. mth; vOjpa 13 kly;fs; Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; rpwg;gplk; ngw;W jpUtptpypaj;jpw;F mzpfyd; nra;fpd;wd. ,J NghyNt NgJU> Nahthd;> ahf;NfhG> A+jh MfpNahh; vOjpa mwpTiu kly;fSk; Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sd.

Kjy; E}w;whz;Lj; jpUr;rigapy; cNuhik murpNy fpwp];jth;fSf;F Vw;gl;l Ntj fyhgidfs; gy. mth;fSila Jd;gq;fs;> jplkhd fpwp];jt tho;f;if Kiw gw;wpa nra;jpfisj; jUk; xU fhl;rp ,yf;fpakhf tpsq;FfpwJ jpUtptpypaj;jpd; ,Wjp E}yhk; jpUntspg;ghL> ,t;thW ,NaR fpwp];Jitg; gw;wpAk;> Mjpf;fpwp];jt kf;fisg; gw;wpAk; vLj;Jf; $Wk; VL jhd; Gjpa Vw;ghL.

KbTiu

cyfj; Njhw;w Kjy;> ,NaR fpwp];Jtpd; ew;nra;jp cyfpy; Cd;wpa ehs; tiu epfo;e;j gy;NtW tuyhw;W epfo;r;rpfis tpRthrf; fz;Nzhl;lj;Jld; jUk; khngUk; E}y; jpUtptpypak;. fp.K. 10k; E}w;whz;by; ,jd; Kjy; gbtq;fs; vOjg;gl;ld. fp.gp. 2k; E}w;whz;by; ,jd; ,Wjpg;gbtq;fs; njhFf;fg;gl;ld. Vwf;Fiwa Mapuk; Mz;Lfs; fhy fl;lj;jpNy gy;NtW Mrphpah;fs;> gy;NtW R+oy;fspy; ,iwf; fz;Nzhl;lj;Jld; gilj;j E}y; tptpypak;. ,e;E}ypy; tpsq;Fk; tpRthr mZFKiwfisf; fhZk;NghJ> ,jd; Kjy; MrphpaUk;> %y MrphpaUk; ,iwtNd vd;gij vtUk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;th;. MfNt jpUtptpypak; flTspd; thh;j;ij. kz;Zk; tpz;Zk; mope;jhYk; mopf;f Kbahj thh;j;ij ,J.


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