mgprha;

mgprha;
ngahpd; nghUs; “nry;tj;jpd; Cw;W” my;yJ “ghprpd; je;ij”
FLk;gk; jhtPjpd; rNfhjhp nr&ahtpd; kfd;> mtUila rNfhjuHfs; Nahthg;> mrhNay; (1Fwpg;NgL 2:16).
njhopy; jhtPjpd; gilj; jiytHfSs; xUtH. jhtPjpd; ‘Mw;wy; kpF tPuH’fSs; xUtuhff; Fwpg;gplg;gLgtH> Kf;fpa gil tPuH (1Fwpg;NgL 11:20-21).
kpfr; rpwg;ghf mwpag;gl;lJ ,tH ce;Jjypdhy; nray;gLk; xU NghH tPuH. J}q;Fk; rTiyf; nfhy;tjpy; ,Ue;Jk; (1rhK 26:6-9)> gifkpFe;j> Ntz;Lnkd;Nw ntWg;G+l;ba rpkapiaf; nfhy;tjpy; ,Ue;Jk; (2rhK 16:9-11). mgprhiag; gw;wpa Fwpg;Gfs; KOtJkhf NghHfsk; Fwpj;jit: mtH mg;Ndiuf; nfhy;y NahthGf;F cjtpatH (2rhK 2:18>24@ 3:30)@ mk;NkhdpaiuAk; VNjhkpaiuAk; ntw;wp nfhz;ltH (2rhK 10:9-14> 1rhK 18:12-13)@ fyfk; nra;j mg;rNyhikf; nfhy;y cjtpdhH (2rhK 18:5-8)@ jhtPij mopf;f Kad;w muf;fidf; nfhd;wtH (2rhK 21:15-17)

Mgpufhk;

Mgpufhk; (njhlf;f E}y; : 11-25mjpfhuk;)
NtW ngaHfs; Mgpuhk; (je;ij caHe;jtH)
ngahpd; nghUs; “gy ,dq;fspd; je;ij” my;yJ “gyhpd; je;ij”
CH fy;Njahpd; CH vDk; ,lk;@ Muhd;@ gpyp];jpahpd; ehl;by; cs;s ngaHNrgh.
FLk;gk; rhuh vDk; ngaUila xU kidtpAk; mtH topahf gpwe;j
njhopy; MaH> ML> khL Nka;g;gtH.
rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ gz;ila ,];uNaypd; FyKJtH> ,tUf;Fk; ,tH topahf ,iwtd; midj;J kf;fspdq;fSf;Fk; Mrp toq;Ftjhf thf;fspj;jhH.

mfrpah

mfrpah (1mu 22:40 - 2mu 2:18)
ngahpd; nghUs; “Mz;ltH gw;wpf;nfhz;lhH”
,g;ngahpy; NtnuhUtH fp.K.841y; xU tUl fhyk; A+Njahit Mz;l kd;dd; ,thpy;iy.
CH rkhhpah
FLk;gk; Mfhgpd; kfd; ,tH@ Nahuhk; ,tUila rNfhjuH. mfrpah thhpR ,d;wp ,we;j NghJ ,e;j Nahuhk; mtUf;Fg; gpwF Ml;rpg; nghWg;Ngw;whH.
njhopy; ,];uNaypd; murH (fp.K.853-852)
kpfr; rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ Nky; khbapypUe;J gyfzp topahf tpOe;J fhaKw;W gLf;ifapypUe;Nj ,we;jhH. jk;Kila je;ij Mfhgpd; ght topiag; gpd;gw;wpatH@ jk;Kila fhaj;jpw;Fg; gpwF ngyp];jpa rpiyaplk; MNyhridia ehbdhH. ,jw;fhf ,tH ,iwthf;fpdH vypahthy; fz;bf;fg;gl;lhH. ,e;j ,iwthf;if ngha;f;fr;nra;a vypahit ifJ nra;jhH> Mdhy; vypah jk;ikf; ifJ nra;a mDg;gg;gl;l ,uz;L fhyhl;giliaAk; thdpypUe;J neUg;G tuitj;J nfhd;wNghJ epiwNtwpaJ.

mfpNjhgy;

mfpNjhgy;
ngahpd; nghUs; “klikapd; rNfhjud;”
CH kiyehlhfpa A+Njahtpy; cs;s vgpNuhDf;F mUfpy; cs;s fPNyh (2rhK 15:12).
FLk;gk; ,tH jhtPjpd; ‘typikkpF tPuH’fSs; xUtUk; Kg;gjpd;khpy; xUtUkhd vypahkpd; je;ij (2rhK 23:34). gj;Nrghtpd; ghl;ldhuhf ,Uf;ff; $Lk; (2rhK 11:3)@ ,J mtH mg;rNyhkpd; kPJ tpRthrk; nfhz;lij tpsf;f cjTk;.
njhopy murH jhtPJ gpwF mtH kfd; mg;rNyhkpd; mwpTf; $Hikkpf;f MNyhrfH (2rhK 16:23).
kpfr; rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ jhtPjpd; MNyhrfuhf ,Ue;J gpwF Jujp\;ltrkhd fyfk; nra;j mg;rNyhkpd; gf;fk; NrHe;jtH> jd;Dila MNyhridia tpLj;J NtW xUthpd; MNyhridia mg;rNyhk; Vw;f KbT nra;tjhfj; njhpe;jTld; jw;nfhiyr; nra;Jnfhz;lhH (2rhK 15:12> 17:23). mg;rNyhk; mfpNjhgypd; xU mwpTiuia Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhH> mJ: jhtPjpd; itg;ghl;bNahL cwT nfhz;lhH (2rhK 16:21)> ,jdhy; ,iwthf;fpdH ehj;jhdpd; ,iwthf;F epiwNtwpaJ (2rhK 12:11-12) ,jd; topahf Ml;rpiaf; ifg;gw;wpdhH (2rhK 3:7).

MNkh];

MNkh];
ngahpd; nghUs; “Rik J}f;FgtH.”
CH vUrNykpypUe;j 10 iky; njhiytpy; cs;s njf;Nfhah
njhopy; ML Nka;g;gtH> mj;jpkuj; Njhl;lf;fhud;> 2k; vNuhthk; fhyj;jpy; tlehl;by; ,iwthf;Fiuj;jtH.
kpfr; rpwg;ghf mwag;gLtJ tlehl;bd; ,];uNay; kf;fspilNa ,Ue;j rpiy topghL> mePjp> Coy; kw;Wk; Viofspd; kPjhd xLf;FKiw Mfpatw;iw ,bj;Jiuj;jtH. xU jiyKiwf;F gpd;djhf mrPhpaH ,];uNaiyf; ifg;gw;wpa NghJ MNkh]pd; xd;gJ vr;rhpf;iffSk; epiwNtwpd.
vr;rhpf;iffs; MNkh]; xd;gJ vr;rhpf;iffs; tpLj;jhH.
  • nfhba Fzj;jpypUe;J jg;gpj;jy;
  • flTspd; fl;lisfisg; Gwf;fzpahNj
  • nry;tj;ij topglhNj
  • Mz;lthpd; rhPu jz;lidiaf; ftdp
  • jtwhd rkaf; nfhs;iffisf; iftpL
  • jtwhd ghJfhg;gpy; ftdkhapU
  • flTspd; ,iwthf;fpdiu mtkjpahNj
  • flTspd; Gdpj ehl;fis epe;jpf;fhNj
  • flTsplkpUe;J tpyfp XlhNj.
  • mddpah kw;Wk; rg;gpuh

    mddpah kw;Wk; rg;gpuh
    ngahpd; nghUs; “flTs; mUSs;stH” (mddpah)> “mofhd” (rg;gpuh).
    ,Nj ngahpy; kw;wtHfs; rTypd; kdkhw;wj;jpw;Fg; gpwF jk];Ftpy; mtiur; re;jpj;j Kjy; fpwp];jtH ngaUk; mddpahjhd; (jp.g. 9:10)> jiyik FUtha; ,Ue;j xUthpd; ngaUk; mddpahjhd; (jp.g.23:2).
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ epyj;ij tpw;W gzj;ij NgJUtplk; nfhLf;Fk; NghJ ngha; nrhd;djhy; J}a Mtpahuhy; jhf;fg;gl;L ,we;jhH (jp.g. 5:1-10).

    mrhNty;

    mrhNty;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “flTs; nrayhw;wpaJ” my;yJ “flTs; gilj;jJ”
    FLk;gk; nrUahtpd; ,isakfd;@ NahthG mgprha; ,tHfspd; rNfhjud;.
    njhopy; jhtPjpd; gilj; jsgjp
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ Nehpd; kfd; mg;NdH rTypd; kfd; ,rnghj;jpd; gzpahsNuhL NrHe;J jhtPNjhL Nghhpl;L Njhw;W Xba NghJ> mg;Ndiu Juj;jpr; nrd;whH mthplkpUe;J jg;gpf;f Kbahj mg;NdH mtiu

    gpyahk;

    gpyahk;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “jpUg;gazp>” “kf;fspd; gpuG”
    CH A+g;ujPR ejpf;fiuapy; cs;s ngj;NjhH.
    FLk;gk; ngNfhhpd; kfd; (vz; 22:5).
    njhopy; Fwpnrhy;gtH> ke;jpu tpj;ijiag; gad;gLj;jp vjpHfhyk; gw;wpa nra;jpfis mwpa Kay;gtH.
    rpwg;ghf ftdpf;f Ntz;baJ Nkhthgpd; kd;dd; ghyhf;fplkpUe;J ML khLfisg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;lJ mtw;wpd;
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ mtUila fOij mtNuhL Ngrpa epfo;tpd; topahf mtH flTs; nrhy;y gzpj;jij kl;LNk ghyhf;Ff;F nrhy;y KbT nra;fpwhH (vz; 22:30).

    ngy;rhl;rH

    ngy;rhl;rH
    ngahpd; nghUs; “ngy;> muriuf; fhg;ghH”
    NtW ngaH gy;jrhH
    CH ghgpNyhd;
    FLk;gk; eNghdpJ]; vd;gthpd; kfd;@ neGfj;Nerhpd; Ngudhf ,Uf;ff; $Lk;> je;ij> kfd; vd;fpw nrhw;fs; mur thhpRhpikiaAk; Fwpf;Fk;.
    njhopy; eNghdpJ]pd; fPo; Ml;rp nra;jtH> eNghdpJ]; gj;J Mz;Lfs; mNugpahtpy; murpay; Ntiyfs; fhuzkhfj; jq;fpapUe;jNghJ jd; kfid nghWgpy; mkHj;jpapUe;jhH. (jhdp 5:1)
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ murd; tpUe;J nfhLf;Fk; NghJ xU kdpj if Njhd;wp tUk; NfL gw;wp vOjpaJ. (jhdp 5:1-12)

    nfhHNdypA

    nfhHNdypA
    ngahpd; nghUs ngahpd; nghUs ngahpd; nghUs
    CH ghy];jPdj;jpd; Nuhik mjpfhu ikaq;fspy; xd;whd nrrhpah.
    njhopy; Nuhikg; gilg; gphptpd; E}w;WtH jiytH. ,j;jhypa gilg; gphptpdH vd;gjhy; mtH 600 NgUf;F jiytuhf ,Ue;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.
    mwpag;gLtJ ,iwgw;Ws;stH> nrgj;jpy; rpwe;jtH> jhuhs kdk; cs;stH. ,tH NuhikaHfspd; mf;fhy gy nja;t topghl;bw;F vjpuhf ,Ue;j A+jHfspd; xNu nja;t topghl;bd;ghy;
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ fpwp];Jit Vw;Wf;nfhz;L jpUKOf;F ngw;wjhf tptpypaj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; ,uz;lhtJ Gw ,dj;jtH. (vj;jpNahg;gpa mz;zfH epjpaikr;rH KjyhktH jp.g.8:26-40). jhk; fz;l fhl;rpapd; nghUl;L 36 iky; njhiytpy; ,Ue;j rPNkhd; NgJUit mioj;Jtu Ml;fis mDg;gpdhH (jp.g. 10).

    jhdpNay;

    jhdpNay;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Mz;ltH vd; eLtH.”
    NtW ngaH “ngy;jrhl;rH”
    CH fp.K. 605y; ghgpNyhdpahTf;F ehLflj;jg;gLk;tiu vUrNykhf ,Uf;ff; $Lk;.
    njhopy; ghgpNyhdpa kw;Wk; kPjpahdpa murHfSf;F MNyhrfuhfTk; ,iwthf;fpduhfTk; nrayhw;wpatH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ tptpypaj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; ehd;F nghpa ,iwthf;F E}y;fspd; %y fhuzkhdtH (vrhah> vNukpah kw;Wk; vNrf;fpNay; Mfpait gpw ,iwthf;F E}y;fs;).

    jhtPJ

    jhtPJ
    ngahpd; nghUs; “md;gpw;Fhpatd;> ez;gd;”
    CH ,sikapy; ngj;yNfk;@ rTYf;F gzpahw;wpa NghJ fpgah@ rTyhy; Juj;jg;gl;lNghJ gy Neuq;fspy; rpf;yhf;@ Ml;rpapd; Kjy; 7 Mz;Lfs; vgpNuhd;@ Ml;rpapd; vQ;rpa fhyq;fs; vUrNyk;.
    FLk;gk; A+jh Fyj;jtuhfpa mgpfhapy;> ngj;Nrgh MfpNahUk; mlq;FtH. vz;zw;Nwhhpd; je;ij ,thpd; Gjy;tHfspy; mg;rNyhk;> rhyNkhd; MfpNahUk; mlq;FtH.
    njhopy; ML khL Nka;g;gtH> mur ghlfH> rTypd; fPo; gilj; jsgjp> ,];uNaypd; murH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ ,e;j murhpd; fPo;jhd; ,];uNay; kf;fspd; muruhl;rp epiyepWj;jg;gl;lJ. ,tUila re;jjpapd; kpfr; rpwg;ghf Fwpg;gplg;gLgtH fpwp];J. fhj;ijr; rhHe;j Nfhypahj;J vDk; ngyp];jpa muf;fid ftd; nfhz;L xNu fy;ypy; kha;j;jtH.

    njNghuh

    njNghuh
    ngahpd; nghUs; “NjdP”
    CH vg;uhapk; kiyehl;by;> ngj;njy;Yf;Fk; uhkhTf;Fk; ,ilapy;
    FLk;gk; yhgpNjhj;jpd; kidtp
    njhopy; ngz; ,iwthf;fpdH> ePjpj; jiytp
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ fdhdpaj; jsgjp rpNruhtpd; gilf;F vjpuhf ,];uNay; kf;fis elj;jpr; nrd;W ntw;wp ngw;wtH (ePj 4:4-15). mjd; gpwF jd; gilj; jsgjp ghuhf;Fld; ,ize;J ntw;wpapd; ghly; ghbatH (ePj 5:1). ,tH fhyj;jpy; ehL 40 Mz;Lfs; mikjpapy; ,Ue;jJ.

    vyprh

    vyprh
    ngahpd; nghUs; “,iwtd; kPl;ghthH.”
    ,g;ngahpy; NtW xUtH ,tH ngaiu xj;j ngaUila vypahNthL ,tiu ehk; Fog;gpf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ. vypah ,tUila Kd;Ndhb (1mu. 17:1).
    CH MNgy; nkNfhyhy; (1mu 19:16)> ,J NahHjhd; ejpf;fiuapy; cs;s xU efuk;> ,J fypNyahtpypUe;J rhf;flYf;f ghjp njhiytp;y; cs;sJ.
    FLk;gk; rhghw;wpd; kfd; (1mu. 19:19).
    njhopy; fp.K. 850 Kjy; 800 tiu ,];uNaypd; ,iwthf;fpdH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ vypahtpd; rPlH. mtUila Mtpapy; ,uz;L klq;F ngw;w ,iwthf;fpdH (2mu 2:9).

    VNdhf;

    VNdhf;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “mHg;gzpf;fg;gl;ltH.”
    FLk;gk; VNujpf;Ftpd; kfd;> Nrj;jpd; tk;rj;jpdH@ ,tH nkj;JNryhtpd; je;ij.
    rpwg;Gf; Fwpg;G ghgpNyhdpa ehLflj;jYf;Fg; gpwF> VNdhf; vOj;Jyfpd; je;ij> mtH flTsplkpUe;J njatPf ntspg;ghLfisg; ngw;whH vd;fpw GizTfs; tyk;tu Muk;gpj;jd
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ VNdhf;F vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gLk;tiu mtH “flTNshL ele;Jnfhz;bUe;jhH” (njhE} 5:21) vd;W nrhy;tJ mtH vypahitg; Nghy ,wthkNyNa flTs; epiyf;F vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;lhH vd;gijf; Fwpf;fpwJ. Gjpa Vw;ghL VNdhf;if ek;gpf;iff;F xU rpwe;j vLj;Jf;fhl;lhff; fhl;LfpwJ.

    v];jH

    ngz;fs; midthpYk; v];jiuNa kd;dH kpFjpaha; tpUk;gpdhH. fd;dpg; ngz;fs; midtUs;Sk; mtNu kd;dhpd; fz;fspy; kpFjpahd jaT ngw;whH vdNt mtH mtuJ jiykPJ murpapd; kFlk; itj;J t];jpf;F gjpyhf mtiu murpahf;fpdhH.
    v];jH
    ngahpd; nghUs “tpz;kPd;.”
    CH ghurPfj;jpd; jiyefuhapUe;j #rh efH (v]; 9:12).
    FLk;gk; mgpfhapypd; mdhijg; ngz; mtUila jha; ngaH Fwpg;gplg;glhjtH. mtH ngd;akpd; Fyj;ijr; rhHe;j jd; rNfhjud; nkhHj;jf;fha; vd;gtuhy; vLj;J tsHf;fg;gl;lhH. me;jg;Gug; ngz;fspy; xUtuhdhH. gpwF ghurPf kd;dH mf];Ntiu kze;jhH
    njhopy; ghurPf Nguurp
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ mjh\h vd;W Kd;djhf mwpag;gl;l Nguurp jd; A+j kf;fis ,d mopg;gpypUe;J fhg;ghw;wpatH. ,jw;fhf mtH kd;dH mf];Nthplk; JzpTld; Ngrp Mkhdpd; #o;r;rpia Kwpabj;jhH.

    Vths;

    Vths;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “capH mspf;Fk; capH”
    NtW ngaH ngz; (njhE} 2:23).
    CH Mjpapy; VNjd; Njhl;lk;> ,q;fpUe;Jjhd; mtUk; mtUila fztH MjhKk; Juj;jg;gl;ldH.
    FLk;gk; Mjhkpd; kidtp@ nfhLf;fg;gl;ltiu fhapd;> MNgy;> Nrj;J Mfpa %d;W kfd;fspd; jha;. NkYk; ngaH Fwpg;gplg;glhj Mz; kw;Wk; ngz; gps;isfspd; jha;
    njhopy; MjhNkhL NrHe;J VNjd; Njhl;lj;ij Nkw;ghHitapl;lhH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ Kjy; ngz;> ed;ik> jPik mwpAk; kuj;jpypUe;J (tpyf;fg;gl;l kuj;jpypUe;J) fdpia Kjypy; cz;l egH (njhE} 3:1-6).

    vNrf;fpNay;

    vNrf;fpNay;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “,iwtd; typikg; gLj;JthH>” “,iwtd; Mw;wy; mspg;ghH.”
    NtW ngaH “khdpld;>” ,r;nrhy;yhly; vNrf;fpNay; Gj;jfj;jpy; 93 Kiw gad;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ.
    CH njy; mgpg;> ghgpNyhdpy; cs;s nfghH Mw;Nwhuk; ,t;T+H mike;Js;sJ (vNr. 1:3).
    FLk;gk; G+rpapd; kfd;> ,e;j G+rp rhNjhf;fpd; topapy; te;j FUthf ,Uf;ff;$Lk;. ,tH ngaH Fwpg;gplg;glhj xU ngz;iz kze;jhH. ,g;ngz; fp.K. 588y; vUrNyk; kPJ ,Wjp Kw;Wif Muk;gpj;jNghJ ,we;jhH.
    njhopy; FU kw;Wk; ,iwthf;fpdH.

    fhj;J

    fhj;J
    ngahpd; nghUs “ew;NgW”
    njhopy; ,];uNaypd; ,iwthf;fpdH
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ wpatH (1rhK 22:5)> jhtPJ kf;fs; fzf;nfLg;ig Kbj;jNghJ flTspd; jz;lidapd; tha;g;Gfis mwptpj;jtH (2rhK 22:11-14). vUrNyk; Myaj;jpw;F ,lk; thq;fj; J}z;batH (2rhK 24:18-19)@ Mya topghL Fwpj;j flTspd; jpl;lj;ij jhtPjpf;F njhpag;gLj;j cjtpatH (2Fwp 29:25).

    fpjpNahd;

    “Mz;ltH fpjpNahdplk;> “ef;fpf; Fbj;j 300 NgH %yk; ehd; cq;fis tpLtpg;Ngd;. ehd; kpjpahdpaiu cd; ifapy; xg;gilg;Ngd;. kw;w vy;yh kf;fSk; jkf;Fhpa tPLfSf;Fr; nry;yl;Lk;” vd;whH.” -- ePjpj; jiytHfs; : 7 : 7
    fpjpNahd; (ePjpj; jiytHfs; : mjpfhuk; 6 )
    ngahpd; nghUs; “ntl;LgtH”
    NtW ngaHfs vUghfhy; (ghfhNyhL rz;ilapLgtH my;yJ ghfhy; Nghl;bapll;Lk;)> kw;Wk; “vUngnrj;” (ntl;fk; Nghl;bapll;Lk;)
    CH Xg;uh> ,J n[];hpNay; gs;sj;jhf;fpy; mike;jpUf;ff;$Lk;.
    FLk;gk; Nahthrpd; kfd;> ,e;j NahthRf;F nkhj;jk; vOgJ kfd;fs; (gy kidtpfs; %ykhf)> mgpnkyf; cl;gl (mtuJ fdhdpa itg;ghl;bapd; topahfg; gpwe;jtH).
    njhopy ePjpj; jiytH kw;Wk; NfhJikg; gaphpLgtH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ kPjpahdpaiu epiyFiyar; nra;a ,iwtd; gad;gLj;jpa 300 NgH nfhz;l rpwpa NghHg; gilapd; jiytH.

    Nfhypahj;J

    Nfhypahj;J
    ngahpd; nghUs; “ehLflj;jg;gl;ltd;>” “tpUk;gpaijg; NgRgtH”
    FLk;gk; mdhf;fpkpd; topkugpduhf ,Uf;ff;$Lk;> ngyp];jpa ehl;L tPud;> mtUila caHe;j kw;Wk; fl;lhd cly; mikg;Gf;F ngaH NghdtH. ehd;F kfd;fs; ,tUf;F ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;.
    CH fhj;J vd;fpw ngyp];jpa efiur; rhHe;jtH
    njhopy; “ntw;wp tPud;” vd Fwpg;gplg;gLk; tPud;.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ jhtPjpd; ftd; tPr;rpdhy; tPo;j;jg;gl;l ngyp];jpa ehl;L mRud; (1rhK 17).

    NfhNkH

    NfhNkH
    ngahpd; nghUs; “epiwthd> NghJkhd> my;yJ vhpAk; nfhy;yp”
    NtW ngaH tpiykfs; (XNr 1:2).
    FLk;gk; jpg;yapkpd; kfs;> ,iwthf;fpdH XNrahtpd; kidtp (XNr 1:3).
    njhopy; tpgr;rhuk;
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ “tpiykfs; xUj;jpia NrH;j;Jf;nfhs;” ,e;j nrhw;nwhlUf;F gy;NtW tpsf;fq;fs; jug;gLfpd;wd. gyH mts; xU nghJ tpiykfs; vd;fpw fUj;ijNa nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdH. gpwH> mts; ghfhypd; Nfhtpypy; ,Ue;j Njt jhrp vd;W fUJfpd;wdH. NtW rpyH mts; ,];uNaypd; gy nja;t topghl;il Fwpf;fg; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; FwpaPL vd;fpd;wdH.

    mgf;$f;F

    mgf;$f;F
    ngahpd; nghUs; “md;ghy; jOTjy;”
    njhopy; Mz;lthpd; ,iwthf;fpdH> NkYk; Myag; ghlfuhfTk; ,irty;YduhfTk; ,Ue;jpUf;ff; $Lk;.
    FLk;gk; jpg;yapkpd; kfs;> ,iwthf;fpdH XNrahtpd; kidtp (XNr 1:3).
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ ,e;j ,iwthf;fpdhpd; “Rik my;yJ Jauk;” mgf;$f;F E}ypy; njspthf Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwJ. vt;tsT Jd;gk; NeHe;jhYk;> rthy;fis vjpHnfhz;lhYk; ,iwtid ek;gj; jPHkhdpj;jtH. rpiy topghL nra;gtHfshd ghgpNyhdpahpd; ifapy; A+Njah tPo;e;jNghjpYk; mtH Mz;lthpd; kPjhd ek;gpf;ifia iftpltpy;iy.

    Mkhd;

    Mkhd;
    CH #rh> ghurPfj;jpd; xU fk;gPukhd efH
    FLk;gk; mk;kjhj;jhtpd; kfd;> (v]; 3:1)> “Mfhfpad;” vd;W miof;fg;gl;ltH> mkNyf;fpa kd;dd; Mfhfpd; topkugpduhf ,Uf;fyhk;
    njhopy; ghurPf kd;dH mHj;jf;r];jhtpw;F mLj;j epiyapy ehl;il Mz;ltH> ,e;epiyf;F ,tuJ vjphpahd nkhHjf;fha; gpwF caHj;jg;gl;lhH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ nkhHjf;fha; kw;Wk; ,];uNay; ,dk; KOtijAk; mopf;f Kaw;rp nra;jtH. ,tUila rjpj; jpl;lk; v];jH murpahy; ntspf;nfhzug;gl;lgpd; nkhHjf;fhiaf; nfhy;y Vw;ghL nra;jpUe;j mNj ,lj;jpy; nfhy;yg;gl;lhH.

    md;dh

    md;dh
    ngahpd; nghUs; “mUs;”
    CH uhkhjhapk; Nrhgpk; (uhkh)> vg;uhapk; kiy ehl;by; cs;sJ.
    FLk;gk; vy;fhdhtpd; ,uz;L kidtpahpy; xUtH> vg;uhapk; Fyj;ijr; rhHe;jtH> rhKNtypd; jha;> NkYk; ,uz;L kfs;fSk; %d;W kfd;fSk; ,tUf;F cz;L.
    njhopy; FLk;g epHthfp
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ rhKNtypd; jha;> xU kfd; Ntz;Lk; vd;W cUf;fkhf ,iwtdplk; Ntz;b mtid flTSf;Nf ehrPuhf mHg;gzpg;gjhf thHj;ijg;ghL nfhLj;jjdhy; fUthfp rhKNtiyg; ngw;wtH (1rhK 1-2).

    XNrah

    XNrah
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Mz;ltH JizahthH”
    CH ,];uNayhf ,Uf;fyhk;> rkhhpahthff; $l ,Uf;fyhk;
    FLk;gk; ngNahpapd; kfd;> NfhNkH vd;Dk; tpiykfspd; fztH> ,];hpNay;> Nyh mk;kP Mfpa ,U kfd;fSk; Nyh Ufhkh vd;fpw kfSk; ,tUf;F gpwe;jdH.
    njhopy; ,iwthf;fpdH (fp.K. 755-710)
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ mrPhpahtplk; ,];uNay; tPo;tjw;F (fp.K.722) Kd;djhf ,];uNay; kf;fSf;F ,iwthf;Fiuj;j Kjd;ik ,iwthf;fpdH.

    Fy;jh

    Fy;jh
    ngahpd; nghUs; “tPry;” vyp> %Q;#U ,tw;iwj; jpz;Zk; xU rpW gpuhzp.
    CH vUrNykpd; ,uz;lhk; njhFjpiar; rhHe;jtH (,g;gFjp efuj;jpd; Nkw;Fg; gFjpahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;)
    FLk;gk; mHf;frpd; Gjy;tdhd jpf;thtpd; kfDk; Milaf Nkw;ghHitahsDkhd ry;Y}k; vd;gtdpd; kidtp (2mu 22:14).
    njhopy; ,iwthf;fpds;
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ Nahrpah murdpd; Ml;fs; vUrNyk; Myaj;jpy; fz;nlLf;fg;gl;l jpUr;rl;l E}Yld; ,e;j ,iwthf;fpdsplk; nrd;wdH. mtH mtHfsplk; Nahrpah kd;ddpd; ,wg;Gf;Fg; gpwF ,];uNay; kf;fspd; kPJ jz;lidj; jPHg;G tUk; vd;W ,iwthf;F ciuj;jhs;.

    Crha;

    Crha;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “ek;gpf;ifNahbUf;f>” “tpiuthf.”
    njhopy; MNyhrfH (mikr;rH).
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ jhtPjpd; ez;gH> jhtPJ mg;rNyhkplkpUe;J jg;gpj;Jr; nrd;w NghJ fpope;j MilAld; mtiu vjpHnfhz;ltH (2rhK 15:32)> mg;rNyhik Vkhw;w mtDld; ,Uf;Fk;gb jhtPjhy; mwpTWj;jg;gl;ltH. ,tH mg;rNyhKf;F toq;fpa mwpTiuahy; jhtPJ giljpul;l Neuk; fpilj;jJ. mfpNjhgypd; mwpTiuf;F gjpyhf Crhapd; mwpTiuia mg;rNyhk; Vw;wjhy; mfpNjhgy; jw;nfhiy nra;Jnfhz;lhH (2rhK 17:14).

    vrhah

    vrhah
    ngahpd; nghUs “Mz;lthpd; kPl;G”
    CH vUrNyk; vd ek;gg;gLfpwJ
    FLk;gk; A+jhtpd; mur FLk;gj;jpd; cwtpduhf ,Uf;fyhk;@ “,iwthf;fpds; vd;W mtH mioj;Jf;nfhz;l xU ngz;zpd; fztH. ,U gps;isfspd; je;ij: NrNaH-[hRg; kw;Wk; kfH-\yhy;-`h\;-gh];.
    njhopy; A+Njahtpd; murd; crpahtpd; mur mYtyH. gpw;fhyj;jpy; flTshy; ,iwthf;fpduhf miog;G ngw;wtH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ gioa Vw;ghl;L ,iwthf;fpdH> ,NaRtpd tUifiaf; Fwpj;J tpsf;fkhf Kd;dwptpj;jtH (vrh 7:14).
    rpwg;ghf ftdpf;f Ntz;baJ kdhNr vd;fpw nfh^u murdpd; fhyj;jpy; nfhy;yg;gl;bUf;fyhk;. xU nghpa kuf;fl;ilf;Fs; ,tH itf;fg;gl;L mk;kuk; gpwF ,uz;lhf mWf;fg;gl;lJ.

    ahNty;

    ahNty;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “kiy nts;shL”
    FLk;gk; Nfdpauhd vNghpd; kidtp (ePj 4:17)
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ njNghuh> ghuhf;F ,tHfshy; tPo;j;jg;gl;lgpd; jg;gpNahbte;j fdhdpaj; jiytd; rPruhit jk; $lhuj;jpw;Fs; tutioj;J $lhuKisahy; mtd; new;wpg; nghl;by; mbj;J nfhd;wtH. (ePj 4:12-24) njNghuhtpd; ntw;wpg; ghlypy; ,tuJ tPur; nray; Gfog;gLfpwJ (ePj 5:24-27).

    ahf;NfhG

    ahf;NfhG
    ,tH ngahpy; NtW egHfs khpahtpd; fztH NahNrg;gpd; je;ij (kj; 1:15-16)@ gd;dpU jpUj;J}jHfspy; xUtuhd my;NgAtpd; kfd;> Nahthdpd; rNfhjud; (kj; 4:3)@ ,NaRtpd; gd;dpU jpUj;J}jHfspy; xUtuhd A+jhtpd; je;ij.
    CH ehrNuj;J}uhf ,Uf;fyhk;
    FLk;gk; ,tUila je;ij NahNrg;ghf ,Uf;ff;$Lk;@ jha; khpah@ ,tUila mz;zd; ,NaR> jk;gpfs;> NahNr];> A+jh]; kw;Wk; rpkNahd;@ ,tUf;F rNfhjhpfs; ,Ue;jpUf;fpd;wdH Mdhy; ew;nra;jp mtHfspd; ngaHfisf; Fwpg;gpltpy;iy.
    njhopy; njhpatpy;iy. ,tUila je;ijAk; ,NaRTk; jr;Rj; njhopyhsHfs; vd;gjhy; mtUk; jr;ruhf ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ vUrNyk; jpUr;rigapd; jiytuhf ,Ue;J rpwg;ghf topelj;jpdhH. ,tH fhyj;jpy;jhd; Kjy; jpUr;rq;fkhd vUrNyk; rq;fk; $b Gwtpdj;jhH tpUj;jNrjdk; nra;aj; Njitapy;iy vd;W nrhd;dJ. jd; ngahpy; ,tH E}y; vOjpapUf;fpwhH.

    vNukpah

    vNukpah
    ngahp;d; nghUs; “Mz;ltH caHj;JfpwhH”
    CH mdNjhj;J> vUrNykpypUe;J rpy iky;fs; njhiytpy; ,Ue;j Nytpa efuk;
    FLk;gk; FU ,y;fpahtpd; kfd; (vNu1:1)
    njhopy; 6k; 7k; E}w;whz;Lfspy; njd;dhl;L murhfpa A+Njahtpy; ,iwthf;fpdH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ “Jd;GWk; kdpjd;” vd;W mwpag;gl;ltH. ,tUila JaH kpF Gyk;gy;fs; gy Neuq;fspy; jd;Dila vjphpfsplkpUe;J fhg;ghw;wr; nrhy;yp Ntz;Ltjhf cs;sd. ,it ‘vNukpah’ vd;fpw ngaH cUthff; fhuzkha; ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;. vNukpahtpd; ,iwthf;F tpiutpy; epiwNtwtpUf;fpw vUrNykpd; mopT Fwpj;jjhf ,Ue;jjhy;> mJ mtUf;F gy vjphpfisAk; rpy ez;gHfisAk; cUthf;fp;f; je;jJ. mtH mbf;fb rpiwgLj;jg;gl;lhH. rpy ghuk;ghpaq;fspd;gb vUrNyk; ifg;gw;wg;gl;lgpd; vQ;rpapUe;NjhH> vfpg;Jf;F tYfl;lhakhf vNukpahit mioj;Jr; nrd;wjhfTk; mq;Nf mtH ,we;jjhfTk; $Wfpd;wd. NtW rpyH mtH vfpg;jpypUe;J ghgpNyhdpahTf;F ghgpNyhdpa gilnaLg;gpd;NghJ (fp.K.583) nfhz;Lnry;yg;gl;ljhff; fUJfpd;wdH.

    ngahpd; nghUs; “caHj;jg;glhjJ”
    ,g;ngahpy; NtW rpyH fpwp];jtHfis rpiy topghl;bw;F ,l;Lr; nrd;w jpaj;jpuhitr; NrHe;j Nghyp ,iwthf;fpds; (jpnt 2:20).
    CH jPH> rPNjhd; gFjpfisr; rhHe;jtH. Mfhig kze;jgpd; rkhhpahtpy; tho;e;jtH (1mu 16:24).
    FLk;gk; rPNjhdpa kd;dd; vj;ghfhypd; kfs;> ,e;j vj;ghfhy; ‘nky;fhHj;’ vd;w ghfhy; nja;tj;jpd; mHr;rfH (1mu 16:31). Xk;hp murpay; Mjhaj;jpw;fhf MfhGf;F
    njhopy; ,];uNaypd; murp.
    nfl;l nganuLj;jJ ghfhYf;F 450 ngha;thf;fpdHfisAk;> mNruhTf;F 400 ngha;thf;fpdHfisAk; mkHj;jpajpypUe;Nj mNruhf; fk;gj;ij epWtpajpypUe;Jk; mwpayhk; (1mu 16:32-33)> mj;Jld; ehNghj;ijf; nfhy;yTk; mts; Mfhigj; J}z;bdhs; (1mu 21:1-29).
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ vypahitf; nfhy;tnjd jPHkhdpj;jpUe;jhs;> ,jdhy; mtH XNug; kiyf;Fj; jg;gpr;nry;y Ntz;bajhapw;W (1mu 19:1-8).

    NahthG

    NahthG
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Mz;ltH je;ijahthH”
    CH vfpg;J.
    FLk;gk; jhtPjpd; rNfhjhpahd nrUahtpd; %j;j kfd;> mgprha; kw;Wk; mrhNtypd; rNfhjud;. 1Fwp 2:16
    njhopy; jhtPjpd; gilapy; Nridj; jiytH> ,e;j nghWg;gpy; ,tH gy fhyk; ,Ue;jhH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ jhtPjpd; #o;r;rpkpF NghH je;jpu ty;YdH. ,uf;fkw;w NghHj; jsgjp.

    Nahrghj;J

    Nahrghj;J
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Mz;ltNu ekJ kfpik”
    CH vfpg;J.
    FLk;gk; Nytp Fyj;ijr; rhHe;jtH> mtUila rNfhjud; mk;uhkpd; kidtp. NkhNr> MNuhd;> kphpak; MfpNahhpd; jha; (1Fwp 6:3).
    njhopy; FLk;g epHthfp> gpd;dH ghuNthdpd; kfSf;F gzpahs;.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ vgpNua Mz;Foe;ijfs; midj;ijAk; nfhy;;y Ntz;Lk; vd;w ghuNthdpd; fl;lisapypUe;J jd; Foe;ij NkhNritf; fhg;ghw;wp jg;gpf;f itj;J gpd; mf;Foe;ijf;F jhNd nrtpypj; jhahfTk; ,Ue;J tsHj;jtH.

    Nahthd; khw;F

    Nahthd; khw;F
    ngahpd; nghUs; “gf;Ftkhd>” “xsp tPRk;.”
    ,tH ngahpy; NtnwhUtH ,NaRtpd; gd;dpU jpUj;J}jHfspy; xUtuhd Nahtd
    FLk;gk; khpahtpd; kfd; (jpg.12:12)> ,tUf;F vUrNykpy; xU tPL ,Ue;jJ mq;Nf jpUr;rigapdH $b nrgpg;gJ tof;fk;. gHdghtpd; xd;Wtpl;l rNfhjuH. NgJU ,tiuj; jd; ‘kfd;’ vd;Nw miof;fpwhH (1NgJ 5:13).
    gpd;dzp mtUila FLk;gk; Fiwe;jgl;rk; xU NtisahisahtJ itj;jpUe;j> xU nghpa nrhe;j tPL nfhz;bUe;j tsikahd FLk;gk;. ek;gpf;if nfhz;Nlhhpd; $l;lj;jpw;F md;whlk; mtHfs; cztspj;J te;jdH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ gTiyAk; kw;Wk; gHdghitAk; mtHfspd; Kjy; J}Jiug; gazj;jpw;F gpwF gphpe;jtH. gpwF jk; ngahpy; ew;nra;jp vOjpapUf;fpwhH.

    jpUKOf;F Nahthd;

    jpUKOf;F Nahthd;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “,iwtd; mUs; kpFe;jtuha; ,Uf;fpwhH”
    gy Neuq;fspy; ,tNuhL ,izj;Jg; Ngrg;gLgtH gioa Vw;ghl;L ,iwthf;fpdH vypah.
    CH A+jhtpd; xU efhpy; gpwe;J tsHe;jtH> mtUila tho;tpd; gpw;fhyj;jpy; mjpfkhf NahHjhd; Mw;Wf;F mUfpy; cs;s A+Njag; ghiy epyj;jpy; fopj;jtH.
    FLk;gk nrf;fhpah> vyprngj; MfpNahhpd; kfd;
    njhopy; NghjfH kw;Wk; ,iwthf;fpdH
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ kPl;gH ,NaRtpd; tUiff;fhf topia Maj;jk; nra;jtH> te;jgpd; mtiur; Rl;bf;fhl;batH. VNuhJ jd; rNfhjudpd; kidtpia itj;jpUg;gJ Kiwad;W vd;W ijhpakhf vLj;Jiuj;jjhy; nfhy;yg;gl;ltH.

    Nahdh

    Nahdh
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Gwh”
    CH fhj; vNgH> nrGNyhd; gFjpapy; fypNyaf; flw;fiwf;F 15 iky; njhiytpy; cs;s xU efH
    FLk;gk; mkpj;jhapd; kfd;
    njhopy; ,uz;lhk; vNuhghthkpd; Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; ,];uNaypd; murd;.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ epdpNtTf;F jz;lidj; jPHg;G Fwpj;J mwptpf;fr; nry;Yk; Kd; kPdpd; tapw;wpy; %d;W ehs; ,Ue;jtH. epdpNt efu kf;fs; kde;jpUk;gpajhy; flTs; mtHfis kd;dpj;jNghJ mij vjpHj;J flTNshL rz;ilapl;ltH.

    Nahdj;jhd;

    Nahdj;jhd;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Mz;ltH nfhLj;jhH”
    CH fpgah> ngd;akpd; Fyg;gFjpfspy; xd;W.
    FLk;gk; murH rTypd; kfd;> mtUila kidtp mfpNdhthkpd; kfdhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,Rah kw;Wk; ky;fpRth vd;W ,uz;L rNfhjuHfSk; Nkuhg; kw;Wk; nkgpNghnrj; vd;W ,uz;L rNfhjhpfSk; ,tUf;F cz;L.
    njhopy; rTypd; thhpR vd;gjhy;> gilj; jsgjp.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ jhtPJf;F ,tH kpf neUq;fpa ez;gH. mtUf;F kpFe;j tpRthrKld; ,Ue;jtH (2rhK 1:26).

    NahRth

    NahRth
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Mz;ltH kPl;guhthH”
    CH vg;uhapk; kiy ehl;by; cs;s jpk;dh Nruh.
    FLk;gk; vg;uhapk; Fyj;ijr; rhHe;j E}dpd; kfd;.
    njhopy; gilj; jsgjp
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ NkhNrTf;F gpwF ,];uNaiy topelj;jpatH. ,tH fhyj;jpy;jhd; ,];uNay; kf;fs; fhdhd; ehl;il cilikahf;fpf; nfhz;ldH. ,tH ngaiu mbnahw;wpj;jhd; ,NaR vd;fpw ngaH gyUf;F #l;lg;gl;lJ.

    FU NahRth

    FU NahRth
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Mz;ltH kPl;guhthH”
    njhopy; ghgpNyhdpa mbikj; jdj;jpypUe;J jpUk;gp te;jNghJ ,];uNaypd; jiyik FU (Mfh 1:1)
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ Mz;lthpd; J}jH Kd;dpiyapy; epd;Wnfhz;bUe;jtH. ,];uNaypypUe;J jPr;nray;fis mfw;Wtjd; milahskhf ,tUila mOf;F cilfs; fisag;gl;L gl;lhilfs; cLj;jg;gl;ld (nrf; 3:1-5).

    kyhf;fp

    “kyhf;fp topahf ,];uNaYf;F Mz;ltH ciuj;j thf;F> ‘cq;fSf;F ehd; md;G fhl;bNdd;’ vd;W Mz;ltH nrhy;fpwhH. ePq;fNsh> ‘vq;fSf;F ePH vt;thW md;G fhl;bdPH?’ vd;W Nfl;fpwPHfs;.” -- kyhf;fp 1:1-2
    kyhf;fp
    ngahpd; nghUs; “vdJ J}jH”
    CH vUrNykhf ,Uf;ff; $Lk;
    njhopy; ehLflj;jg;gl;L jpUk;gp te;j ,];uNay; kf;fSf;F ,iwthf;fpdH. neNfkpah Fwpg;gpLfpw gy ghtq;fis ,tUk; Fwpg;gpLtjhy; ,tH neNfkpahtpd; fhyj;ijr; rhHe;jtuhf ,Uf;fyhk;.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ gioa Vw;ghl;bd; filrp ,iwthf;fpdH. kyhf;fpf;Fk; ,];uNaypd; mLj;j ,iwthf;fpduhd jpUKOf;F NahthDf;Fk; ,ilNa xU 400 tUl mikjp epytpaJ.

    khpah

    khpah
    NtW ngaHfs kphpak; (ehrNuj;J}hpd;)@ fd;dp.
    ngahpd; nghUs; “gyk;”
    ,tH ngahpy; NtW egHfs ngj;jhdpahitr; rhHe;j yhrH> khHj;jh ,tHfspd; rNfhjhp (Y}f; 10:39)> FNyhg;ghtpd; kidtpAk; NahNrg;G kw;Wk; ahf;NfhG MfpNahhpd; jhAkhd khpah (kj; 28:1)> khw;Ftpd; jha; (jpg 12:12)> VO Nga;fs; ePq;fg;ngw;w fypNyahtpd; kfjyh gFjpiar; rhHe;jtH (kj; 27:56).
    CH ehrNuj;J
    FLk;gk; NahNrg;ig kze;jtH@ ,tUila FLk;gj;jpy; NahNrg;G> ahf;NfhG> A+jh kw;Wk; rpkNahd; Mfpa ehd;F kfd;fSk; kw;Wk; rpy kfs;fSk; NrHf;fg;gLfpd;wdH. ,tH jpUKOf;F Nahthdpd; jhahfpa vyprngj;jpd; cwtpdH.
    njhopy; FLk;g epHthfp
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ ,NaRtpd; jha;.

    khpa kjNydhs;

    khpa kjNydhs;
    NtW ngaH kfjyh khpah
    ngahpd; nghUs “fyfk; nra;af;$ba> frg;ghd”
    CH kfjyh. tptrhak;> kPd;gpbj;jy;> tzpfk; Mfpatw;wpw;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j fypNya efH ,J.
    njhopy; ,NaRtpd; tpRthrkpF cjtpahsH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ ,NaRthy; VO Nga;fs; ePq;fg; ngw;wgpd; mtUila kpfr; rpwe;j rPlHfSs; xUtuhf mtiug; gpd;njhlHe;jtH (kj; 27:56)> ,tH ,NaRtpd; ,wg;G> mlf;fk;> fhypahd fy;yiw kw;Wk; capHg;G Mfpatw;wpw;F rhl;rp.

    kPf;fhy;

    kPf;fhy;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Mz;ltiug; Nghd;wtH ahH?”
    CH fpgahtpy; tsHe;jtuhf ,Uf;fyhk;
    FLk;gk; murH rTypd; kfs;@ ngd;akpd; Fyj;ijr; rhHe;jtH@ Nkuhgpd; jq;if@ jhtPJ 100 ngyp];jpaiu jdpahshff; nfhd;W kidtpahf;fpf; nfhs;sg;gl;ltH@ jhtPJ ehLflj;jg;gl;lNghJ yhaprpd; kfd; ghy;jpf;F kidtpahff; nfhLf;fg;gl;L gpwF kPz;Lk; jhtPjhy; kPl;fg;gl;ltH@ rhFk; tiu Foe;ijg; NgW ,d;wp ,Ue;jtH. Mdhy; rpy ifnaOj;Jg;gbfs;> ,tiu 5 kfd;fSf;Fj; jha; vd;fpwJ.
    njhopy; FLk;g epHthfp
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ jhtPjpd; kidtp> rTy; jhtPijf; nfhy;y Ml;fis mDg;gpaNghJ mtiuj; jg;gitj;J fhg;ghw;wpatH (1rhK 19:12)> vdpDk; jhtPJ cld;gbf;if Ngioia vUrNyKf;Fs; nfhz;LtUk;NghJ mjd; Kd;ghf Milapoe;J Mbf;nfhz;bUe;jijf; fz;L mtiu ntWj;jtH (2rhK 6:16-23).

    kphpahk;

    kphpahk;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “ghrj;Jf;Fhpa” (vfpg;jpa nkhop)
    CH vfpg;jpy; gpwe;jtH. mq;NfNa 80 Mz;LfSf;Fk; Nkyhf tho;e;jtH. mjd; gpwF gh];fh %yk; vfpg;ij tpl;L ntspNawpdhH. rPd; ghiy epyj;jpy; cs;s fhNjrpy; ,we;jhH> mq;NfNa mlf;fk; nra;ag;gl;lhH (vz; 20:1).
    FLk;gk; mk;uhk;> Nahrghj;J ,tHfspd; kfs;@ MNuhd;> NkhNr MfpNahhpd; mf;fh. gpd;dhl;fspy; te;j kuG ,tH fhNyig (NahR 14:6) kze;jhH vd;fpwJ. NahNrG]; vd;fpw tuyhw;whrphpaH mtiu $hpd; (tpg 17:10) kidtp vd;fpwhH.
    rpwg;G ftdk; kphpak; (khpah) vd;fpw ngaH A+jHfspilNa gpurpj;jk; ngw;wJ. ,J mtH tpLjiyg; gazj;jpy; mtUila gq;fspg;gpd; tpisthf ,Uf;fyhk;.
    rpwg;G ntw;wp vfpg;jpahplkpUe;J tpLtpj;J ,iwtd; ,];uNay; kf;fis nrq;fliyf; flf;fr; nra;jgpd; ,];uNaypd; ngz;fis eldj;jpYk; topghl;bYk; topelj;jpatH..
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ NkhNrtpd; rNfhjhp> NkhNrit ngl;lfj;jpy; itj;J ejpapy; tpl;lNghJ mij ftdpj;J epd;wtH ,tuhfj;jhd; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ghuNthdpd; kfsplk; mf;Foe;ijia guhkhpf;f jhjpiaf; nfhz;LtUtjhfr; nrhy;yp mjd; jhiaNa nfhz;L te;jtH (tpg 2:4)@ NkhNrtpd; jpUkzj;ijAk; mtUila jiyikiaAk; MNuhNdhL NrHe;J vjpHj;jjhy; njhONehahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltH (vz; 12:10-15).

    NkhNr

    NkhNr
    ngahpd; nghUs; “kfd;> jz;zPhpypUe;J vLf;fg;gl;ltd;> gpwf;f Ntz;batd;.”
    CH 40 Mz;Lfs; vfpg;jpy; tho;e;jtH@ kPjpahdpy; (fpof;fj;jpa rPdha; ngdpd;Ryh) 40 Mz;Lfs;@ rPdha; ghiy epyj;jpy; 40 Mz;Lfs;.
    FLk;gk; mk;uhk;> Nahrngj; MfpNahhpd; kfd;. ,tUf;F kphpahk; vd;fpw mf;fhTk; MNuhd; vd;fpw jk;gpAk; cz;L. ghNuhtpd; kfshfpa xU vfpg;jpa ,sturpahy; tsHf;fg;gl;ltH.
    njhopy; vfpg;jpd; mur Ml;rpahsuhf ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;> kPjpahdpy; xU Nka;g;gH> gpw;fhyj;jpy; ,iwtdhy; NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;l ,];uNay; kf;fspd; jiytH> ,iwtdplkpUe;J fl;lisfisg; ngw;W nfhLj;j ,iwthf;fpdH.
    rpwg;ghf ftdpf;f Ntz;baJ ML Nka;j;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jNghJ vhpe;Jk; fUfhj Kl;Gjhpy; flTisr; re;jpj;J jdJ miog;igg; ngw;wtH (tpg 3).
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ ,];uNay; kf;fis vfpg;jpd; mbikj; jdj;jpypUe;J kPl;lhH. mk;kf;fSf;F flTspd; fl;lisiag; ngw;Wj; je;jhH.

    ehj;jhd;

    ehj;jhd;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “nfhil”
    ,tH ngahpy; NtW egHfs tptpypaj;jpy; VO NgH ,Nj ngahpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sdH mtHfspy; jhtPJf;F ngj;Nrghtplk; gpwe;jtuhd ehj;jhDk; mlq;Fk; ,tiu Y}f;fh ,NaRtpd; %jhijaH gl;baypy; ,izj;jpUf;fpwhH.
    CH vUrNyk;
    njhopy; jhtPjpd; Ml;rpapy; ,iwthf;fpdH
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ jhtPJ ngj;NrghTld; jtwhd cwT nfhz;L mtUila fztH chpahitf; nfhd;W nra;j ghtj;ij ctikapd; %ykhf vLj;Jiuj;J jhtPij fz;bj;jtH (2rhK 7:12-17).

    neGfj;NerH

    neGfj;NerH II
    ngahpd; nghUs “X> ehG! (flTNs) vd; kfidf; fhg;gPuhf.” “vd; vy;iyiaf; fhg;ghuhf”
    NtW ngaH neGfj;NurH
    CH ghgpNyhd;
    FLk;gk; neGnghyrhH murhpd; %j;j kfd;@ epNjhf;hp]; kw;Wk; mkpjp]; MfpNahiu kze;jtH@ Fiwe;jgl;rk; %d;W kfd;fspd; je;ij mjpy; mtUf;F gpd; murhz;l ‘,tpy;-nkNuhjhf;’ (Mnky;-khHJf;) vd;gtUk; mlf;fk;.
    njhopy; ghgpNyhdpd; murd; (fp.K.605-562)
    rhjidfs; ghgpNyhid kpf gpuk;khz;lkhf fl;b vOg;gpdhH> ,jpy; ,];jhH thapy;> fdtha;fs;> njhq;Fk; Njhl;lq;fs;> kw;Wk; gz;ila cyfpd; mjpraq;fshf tpsq;fpa gy fiyr; nry;tq;fSk; mlq;Fk;. mf;fhyj;jpy; ,g;Gjpa ghgpNyhd; 200 rJu iky; gug;gsT nfhz;l nghpa ,lkhf ,Ue;jJ.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ vUrNyikf; ifg;gw;wpaJ (fp.K. 587)

    neNfkpah

    neNfkpah
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Mz;ltNu MWjy;”
    CH #rhdpy; XhpU gFjpfspy; tho;e;jjhfj; njhpfpwJ. gpwF vUrNyk;.
    Fwpg;gplg;gl Ntz;baJ Mo;e;j gf;jp kw;Wk; nrgk;@ jiyikj;Jtk; kw;Wk; xOq;FgLj;Jk; Mw;wy;@ jk; kf;fspd; kPJ ghpT@ rPhpa rpe;jid.
    njhopy; ghurPf kd;dd; Kjyhk; mHj;jf;fH];jhtpd; ,urk; ghpkhWNthd;@ vUrNyk; kjpy; kPz;Lk; fl;lg;gl;lNghJ Nkw;ghHitahsH@ vUrNykpd; MSeuhf ,UKiw gzpahw;wpatH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ ghurPfj;jpypUe;J jpUk;gp te;jTld; vUrNyk; kjpy; Rtiuf; fl;Ltij topelj;jpdhH> mij gy;NtW jilfSf;fpilNa 52 ehl;fspy; fl;b Kbj;jhH. rka> r%f rPHjpUj;jq;fisf; nfhz;Lte;jhH. mjpy; vUrNykpy; kf;fs; vz;zpf;ifiag; ngUf;FtJ> Gwtpdj;;jhUldhd jpUkzj;ij jil nra;jJ> flDf;F tl;b NghLtjw;F vjpuhf tof;F Mfpait ,jpy; mlq;Fk;.

    xj;dpNay;

    xj;dpNay;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “rpq;fk;> ,iwtd; Mw;wy; cs;stH”
    FLk;gk; nfdhrpd; kfd; (NahR 15:17)> fhNygpd; kUkfd;> mf;rhtpd; fztH
    njhopy; ePjpj; jiytH my;yJ ,];uNayhpd; kPl;gH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ ,];uNaypd; Kjy; ePjpj; jiytH. nkrgNjhkpa murd; Frhd;-uprhjhapkpd; xLf;FKiwia jfHj;njwpe;jgpd; ,];uNaYf;F 40 Mz;Lfs; ePjp toq;fpdhH (ePj 1:13).

    gTy;

    gTy;
    NkYk; mwpag;gLtJ rTy;> ,J mtUila vgpNuag; ngaH> ngd;akpd; Fyj;ijr; rhHe;j ,];uNaypd; Kjy; murH rTypd; epidthf ,g;ngaH ,tUf;Fr; #l;lg;gl;bUf;fyhk;> ,tUk; ngd;akpd; Fyj;ijr; rhHe;jtNu. ,tUila kdkhw;wj;jpw;Fg; gpwF ,tH gTy; vd;Nw mwpag;gLfpwhH
    CH ,d;iwa JUf;fp ehl;bd; gFjpahd rpyprpah khepyj;jpd; cNuhikf; FbapUg;ghd jHR efuj;jpy; gpwe;jhH@ tsHe;jJ vUrNykpy;. gpwF rphpahtpd; me;jpNahf;fpy; FbNawpdhH> Mdhy; Nuhik murhl;rpapd; vy;yh gFjpfSf;Fk; gazk; nra;jpUf;fpwhH> nfhhpe;jpYk; vNgrpYk; kl;Lk; mjpf ehl;fs; jq;fpapUf;fpwhH.
    FLk;gk; rTy; xU A+jH Mdhy; Nuhikf; Fbkfdhfg; gpwe;jtH. mjhtJ ghpNrauhd ,tuJ je;ij ,tUf;F Kd;djhfNt Nuhikf; FbAhpik ngw;wpUe;jhH. gTYf;F xU rNfhjhpAk;> rNfhjhp kfDk; ,Ue;jjhf Y}f;fh Fwpg;gpLfpwhH (jpg 23:16).
    njhopy; $lhuj; njhopy; nra;gtH@ fkhypNayplk; fy;tp fw;w ghpNraH@ jk];F efUf;F NghFk; topapy; kdk; khWk; tiu A+j kjj; jiytHfspd; fpwp];jt vjpHg;gpd; jiyik gjpyhspaha; ,Ue;jhH. gTy; jpUr;rigapd; rpwe;j jiytuhdhH. kpf mjpf J}uk; gazpj;J jpUr;rigiag; gug;gpatH ,tH. Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; ngUk; gFjpia vOjpatH ,tNu.
    tho;it khw;wpa epfo;T jk];F efUf;F nry;Yk; topapy; ,NaR fhl;rp nfhLj;jJ mtUf;F miog;igAk; kd khw;wj;ijAk; nfhLj;jhH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ Gwtpdj;jhhpd; jpUj;J}jH.

    NgJU

    NgJU
    NkYk; mwpag;gLtJ rPNkhd; (,aw;ngaH)> ,NaRthy; Nfgh (mukhapf;) my;yJ NgJU (fpNuf;fk;) my;yJ ‘ghiw’ vd ngahplg;gl;ltH.
    CH fypNyaf; flypd; tlf;F flw;fiuapy; mike;j ngj;rha;jh kw;Wk; fg;gHeh$k;.
    FLk;gk; Nahdhtpd; kfd;@ me;jpNuah ,tuJ ,isa rNfhuH@ jpUkzkhdtH> ,NaR ew;nra;jpia mwptpj;jNghJ mtNuhL ,tuJ kidtp gazpj;jhH.
    njhopy; $lhuj; njhopy; nra;gtH@ fkhypNayplk; fy;tp fw;w ghpNraH@ jk];F efUf;F NghFk; topapy; kdk; khWk; tiu A+j kjj; jiytHfspd; fpwp];jt vjpHg;gpd; jiyik gjpyhspaha; ,Ue;jhH. gTy; jpUr;rigapd; rpwe;j jiytuhdhH. kpf mjpf J}uk; gazpj;J jpUr;rigiag; gug;gpatH ,tH. Gjpa Vw;ghl;bd; ngUk; gFjpia vOjpatH ,tNu.
    njhopy; kPd; gpb njhopy; nra;gtH@ ,NaRtpd; Kjy; gjpyhs;.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ ,NaRit fpwp];J> flTspd; kfd; vd;W gfpuq;fkhf giwrhw;wpdhH> fpwp];Jit vdf;F njhpahJ vd;W nrhy;yp kWjypj;jhH.

    ghHNthd;

    ghHNthd;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “muz;kid> #hpad;”
    CH vfpg;J
    njhopy; murH
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ fy;kdk; nfhz;l ghHNthd;. ,tDila Ml;rpf;fhyj;jpy; ,U ngUk; epfo;Tfs; eilngw;wd: 1. VO nfhs;is Neha;fs; kf;fisj; jhf;fpd> 2. ,];uNay; kf;fs; nrq;fliyf; fle;J nrd;wdH.

    nuNgf;fh

    nuNgf;fh
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Ntfkhff; fl;L> gR> ngz; Fjpiu”
    CH nkrgj;NjhkpahtpypUe;j (fhuhd;) eNfhH efH> gpwF NgH yfha; Nuha; (tho;gthpd; fpzW)> nfuhH> kw;Wk;
    FLk;gk; Mgpufhkpd; rNfhjhhpd; kfd; ngj;JNtypd; kfs;. Vrh kw;Wk; ahf;Nfhgpd; jha;
    njhopy; FLk;g epHthfp
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ  

    &j;J

    &j;J
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Njhop my;yJ epiwT”
    CH Nkhthgpy; gpwe;jhH> jd; fzthpd; ,wg;Gf;Fg; gpd; jd; khkpahH eNfhkpAld; ngj;yNfkpy; jq;f KbT nra;jtH.
    FLk;gk; kf;Nyhid kze;J tpjitahdtH. Nghthir kWkzk; nra;Jnfhz;lhH. xNgJ vd;fpw kfidg; ngw;nwLj;jhH. ,e;j xNgJ jhtPjpd; je;ij ,tH ,NaRtpd; %jhijaUk;$l.
    njhopy; FLk;g epHthfp> rpwpJ fhyk; Nghthrpd; gzpg; ngz;zhfg; gzpahw;wpdhH. kPz;Lk; FLk;g epHthfp MdhH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ jhDk; jd; khkpahH eNfhkpAld; nry;y mDkjpf;Fk;gb eNfhkpia tw;GWj;jpdhH. ,jdhy; eNfhkpapd; kf;fshd ,];uNay; kf;fs; jd; kf;fshfTk;> eNfhkpapd; flTs; jd; flTshfTk; ,Ug;ghH vd mtH nkhope;jhH.

    rpk;Nrhd;

    rpk;Nrhd;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “gyk; nghUe;jpa> rpwpa #hpad;”
    CH jhz; Fyj;jpw;Fhpa gFjpapy; cs;s Nrhuhitr; rhHe;jtH. ,J ,];uNayhpd; vy;iyf;Fk; ngyp];jpahpd; vy;iyf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;sJ.
    FLk;gk; kNdhthF kw;Wk; ngaH Fwpg;gplg;glhj> kybaha; ,Ue;j mtuJ kidtpf;Fk;; gpwe;j kfd;. jpk;dhitr; rhHe;j xU ngyp];jpa ngz;iz kze;jtH> Mdhy; xU thu fhyj;jpy; mtiu ntWj;Jtpl;lhH. gpwF jpiyyhTld; $b tho;e;jhH> mtiu kze;jjhff; Fwpg;G ,y;iy.
    njhopy; ePjpj; jiytH my;yJ ,];uNayhpd; kPl;gH
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ mtUila GJikahd rf;jp> mjdhy; mtH ngyp];jpaHfSf;F mr;r%l;bdhH. mtUila kopahj jiyKbNa mtuJ Mw;wypd; ufrpak; (ePj 13-14).

    rhKNty;

    rhKNty;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “flTs; Nfl;lUspdhH> flTspd; ngaH”
    CH vUrNyKf;F tlf;Nf cs;s vg;uhapk; kiy ehl;by; cs;s uhkh.
    FLk;gk; vy;fhdh kw;Wk; md;dhtpd; %j;j kfd;@ ,tUf;F %d;W rNfhjuHfSk; ,uz;L rNfhjhpfSk; cz;L. rPNyhtpd; FU Vypahy; tsHf;fg;gl;ltH.
    njhopy; ePjpj; jiytH kw;Wk; ,];uNaypd; ,iwthf;fpdH.
    ftdpf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ ,tUila jha; md;dh ,tH gpwf;Fk; Kd;Ng NeHe;J nfhz;lJ Nghy ehrPuhf flTSf;F mHg;gzpf;fg;gl;ltH.
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ ,];uNaypd; filrp ePjpj; jiytH> mNj rkak; ,];uNaypd; Kjy; ,iwthf;fpdUk; ,tNu (NkhNritr; NrHf;fhky;). ,tH ,U murHfis mgpN\fk; nra;jtH (rTy;> jhtPJ).

    rhuh

    rhuh
    ngahpd; nghUs; ghuk;ghpakhf “vd; ,sturp” (rhuha;)> flTs; “,sturp” (rhuh) vd;W mg;ngaiu khw;Wk; tiu
    CH nkrgNjhkpahtpd; CH> gpwF fhuhd; mijj; njhlHe;J fhdhd;.
    FLk;gk; mtUila fztH Mgpufhkpd; je;ijapd; kfs;@
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ ePz;l ehs; kybahd tho;Tf;Fg; gpwF thf;fspf;fg;gl;l kfdhd

    rTy;

    rTy;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Nfl;fg;gl;l” (flTsplk;)
    ,tH ngahpy; NtW gyH gioa Vw;ghl;by; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; kw;nwhU egH (njhE} 36:37> 1Fwp 1:48-49). Gjpa Vw;ghl;by; Fwpg;gplg;gLk; jHR efuj;jtH> ,tH gpw;fhyj;jpy; gTy; vd;wiof;fg;gl;lhH (jpg 13:2-3).
    CH fpgah> vUrNykpypUe;J %d;W iky; njhiytpy; cs;s ngd;akpd; gFjpiar; rhHe;j CH.
    FLk;gk; ngd;akpd; Fyj;ijr; rhHe;j fPrpd; kfd; (1rhK 9:1)> jd; kidtp mfpNdhthk; %yk; gy kfd;fs; ,tUf;F ,Ue;jdH> mtHfspy; ,thpd; thhprhd Nahdj;jhDk; mlf;fk; (1rhK 14:49-51> 1Fwp 8:33). jd; itg;ghl;b hp];ghtpd; topahf Nkuhg;> kPf;fhy; vd ,uz;L kfs;fSk; ,tUf;F ,Ue;jdH.
    njhopy; ,];uNaypd; murd;
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ ,];uNaypd; Kjy; murH> jd;Dila fPo;gbahikahy; jk;Kila thhpR ahUk; muruhf Kbahjgb flTshy; Gwf;fzpf;fg;gl;ltH. ,tUf;F gjpyhf jhtPJ muruhfj;; jpUepiyg;gLj;jg;gl;lhH (1rhK 16:12-13).

    rpkpNahd;

    rpkpNahd;
    ngahpd; nghUs; “,iwtd; Nfl;lUspdhH”
    CH vUrNyk;
    rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ NeHikahsH> ,iwg;gw;W nfhz;ltH@ ,];uNaYf;F thf;fspf;fg;gl;l MWjiy vjpHghHj;jpUe;jtH@ J}a Mtpia ,tH ngw;wpUe;jhH. flTshy; thf;fspf;fg;gl;lgb ,wf;Fk; Kd; Myaj;jpy; fpwp];Jit fuq;fspy; Ve;jp MrPHtjpj;jhH (Y}f; 2:25-34).

    nrg;ghdpah

    nrg;ghdpah
    ngahpd; nghUs; “Mz;ltH NrHj;J itj;Js;shH>” nrg;ghdpa gpwe;j fhyk; kdhNr vd;fpw murd; Mz;l kpf Nkhrkhd> jPa fhyk; vd;gijg; gpujpgypg;gjhf ,J ,Uf;fpwJ.
    CH vUrNykhf ,Uf;fyhk;
    FLk;gk; vNrf;fpahtpd; tk;rj;jpdH> A+Njahtpd; muruhf ,Ue;jpUf;ff;$Lk;@ F\p vd;gthpd; kfd;@ Nahrpah murupd; rkfhyj;jtuhfTk; mtUila cwtpduhfTk; ,Ue;jpUf;ff;$Lk;.
    njhopy; Nahrpah kd;dhpd; murhl;rpapd; njhlf;f fhyq;fspy; ,iwthf;Fiuf;fpwhH> ,f;fhyk; rka kWkyHr;rp nfhz;Ltug;gl;l 621k; Mz;Lf;F Ke;ijajhf ,Uf;fyhk;.
    kpfr; rpwg;ghf mwpag;gLtJ A+jh ehl;L mur FLk;gj;jpypUe;J te;J ,iwthf;F ciuj;j nrg;ghdpah> ehl;bd; jPnahOf;fj;jpw;Fk;> rpiytopghl;bw;Fk; mJ jz;lidj; jPHg;G ngWtJ jtpHf;f KbahjJ vd;fpwhH. vdpDk; kdk;tUe;jp ghpfhuk; nra;tjhy; tUk; jz;lidapypUe;J jg;gpg;gNjhL MrPUk; fpilf;Fk; vd;gijAk; Kd;dwptpf;fpwhH.

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